Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Andrej Grubisic

(Research AST, Planetary Studies)


Org Code: 699

Mail Code: 699
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Employer: NASA

Brief Bio

Andrej Grubisic is a research scientist with a shared appointment between University of Maryland, College Park, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. He received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the Johns Hopkins University and was an NRC/NIST postdoctoral fellow at JILA – University of Colorado. With extensive experience in ultrafast laser technology, mass spectrometry, as well as electron and optical microspectroscopy, he is broadly interested in the development of, both, space-flight and field-portable instrumentation for sensitive chemical detection and identification. His current research focuses on the advancement of miniature mass spectrometers and implementation of novel ionization schemes that hold potential to significantly reduce sample handling on future planetary missions.

An updated list of references is available here: 


NIST/NRC Postdoctoral Research Fellow

JILA/NIST - University of Colorado - Boulder, CO, USA

December 2009 - April 2014

  • Single Particle Studies of Ultrafast Electron Emission from Plasmonic Nanoparticles/Structures.
  • Development of a Novel Single Particle Microscopy Instrument for Angle- and Energy-Resolved Studies of Photoelectron Emission from Plasmonic and Quantum Confined Nanoscale Systems.


   Ph. D. (Chemistry), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA (2009)
   B. A.   (Chemistry), University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (2003)


   National Research Council (NRC) and National Institute of Standards and Technology
      • NIST/NRC Postdoctoral Fellowship (2013-2014)

   American Chemical Society (ACS)
      • ACS Physical Chemistry (PHYS) Division Postdoctoral Research Award (2013)

   American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
      • AIAA Martin Summerfield Award for Research in Combustion & Propellants (2007)

   Johns Hopkins University
      • Sarah & Adolph Roseman Award for Outstanding Achievement in Chemistry (2009)
      • Langmuir-Cresap Scholarship Award (2006)
      • J. Brien Key Travel Award (2005)

   University of Ljubljana and Ministry of Science, Slovenia
      • The Preseren Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Research in Chemistry (2003)
      • The Zois Award for Outstanding Scholarly Achievements (1998-2003)



Ni, Z., R. Arevalo, A. Bardyn, et al. L. Willhite, X. Li, L. Chou, A. E. Southard, R. M. Danell, A. Grubisic, J. D. Graham, C. Briois, L. Thirkell, F. Colin, A. Makarov, P. R. Mahaffy, W. B. Brinckerhoff, J. L. Eigenbrode, B. Nunn, and K. Junge. 2023. Detection of Short Peptide Biosignatures of Psychrophiles via Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry Astrobiology [10.1089/ast.2022.0138]

Li, X., F. van Amerom, J. D. Graham, et al. A. Grubisic, M. B. Francom, P. W. Barfknecht, W. B. Brinckerhoff, M. G. Trainer, and M. E. Castillo. 2023. Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry of Cryogenic Samples on the Dragonfly Mission 2023 IEEE Aerospace Conference [10.1109/aero55745.2023.10115534]

Brinckerhoff, W. B., P. A. Willis, A. J. Ricco, et al. D. A. Kaplan, R. M. Danell, A. Grubisic, M. F. Mora, J. S. Creamer, A. Noell, J. C. Stern, C. Czopa, C. Freissinet, F. Kehl, K. Zamuruyev, C. T. Castle, J. Spring, T. Drevinskas, M. Badescu, M. S. Ferreira Santos, E. A. Jaramillo, F. Van Amerom, X. Li, M. E. Castillo, J. L. Eigenbrode, B. P. Theiling, R. C. Quinn, F. Stalport, A. Buch, and K. A. Zacny. 2022. Europan Molecular Indicators of Life Investigation (EMILI) for a Future Europa Lander Mission Frontiers in Space Technologies 2 760927 [10.3389/frspt.2021.760927]

Grubisic, A., M. G. Trainer, X. Li, et al. W. B. Brinckerhoff, F. H. van Amerom, R. M. Danell, J. T. Costa, M. Castillo, D. Kaplan, and K. Zacny. 2021. Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry at Saturn’s moon Titan International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 470 116707 [10.1016/j.ijms.2021.116707]

Freissinet, C., M. Millan, D. P. Glavin, et al. X. Li, A. Grubisic, J. L. Eigenbrode, J. C. Stern, J. P. Dworkin, A. Buch, C. Szopa, M. Guzman, M. Carts, S. A. Getty, and W. B. Brinckerhoff. 2019. Investigating the effects of gamma radiation on selected chemicals for use in biosignature detection instruments on the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa Planetary and Space Science 175 1-12 [10.1016/j.pss.2019.05.009]

Floyd, M. A., A. J. Williams, A. Grubisic, and D. Emerson. 2019. Metabolic Processes Preserved as Biosignatures in Iron-Oxidizing Microorganisms: Implications for Biosignature Detection on Mars Astrobiology 19 (1): 40-52 [10.1089/ast.2017.1745]

Uckert, K., A. Grubisic, X. Li, et al. W. Brinckerhoff, T. Cornish, B. Farcy, and S. Getty. 2018. IR resonance-enhanced organic detection with two-step laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry Icarus 299 15-21 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.07.006]

Li, X., R. M. Danell, V. T. Pinnick, et al. A. Grubisic, F. van Amerom, R. D. Arevalo, S. A. Getty, W. B. Brinckerhoff, A. E. Southard, Z. D. Gonnsen, and T. Adachi. 2017. Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA) laser desorption/ionization source design and performance characterization International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 422 177 - 187 []

Goesmann, F., W. B. Brinckerhoff, F. Raulin, et al. W. Goetz, R. M. Danell, S. A. Getty, S. Siljeström, H. Mißbach, H. Steininger, R. D. Arevalo, A. Buch, C. Freissinet, A. Grubisic, U. J. Meierhenrich, V. T. Pinnick, F. Stalport, C. Szopa, J. L. Vago, R. Lindner, M. D. Schulte, J. R. Brucato, D. P. Glavin, N. Grand, X. Li, F. H. van Amerom, and the MOMA Science Team. 2017. The Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA) Instrument: Characterization of Organic Material in Martian Sediments Astrobiology 17 (6-7): 655-685 [10.1089/ast.2016.1551]

Gautier, T., J. A. Sebree, X. Li, et al. V. T. Pinnick, A. Grubisic, M. J. Loeffler, S. A. Getty, M. G. Trainer, and W. B. Brinckerhoff. 2017. Influence of trace aromatics on the chemical growth mechanisms of Titan aerosol analogues Planetary and Space Science 140 27-34 [10.1016/j.pss.2017.03.012]

Getty, S. A., J. E. Elsila, M. Balvin, et al. W. B. Brinckerhoff, T. Cornish, X. Li, J. Ferrance, A. Grubisic, and A. Southard. 2017. Molecular analyzer for Complex Refractory Organic-rich Surfaces (MACROS) 2017 IEEE Aerospace Conference [10.1109/aero.2017.7943706]

Goetz, W., W. B. Brinckerhoff, R. Arevalo, et al. C. Freissinet, S. Getty, D. P. Glavin, S. Siljeström, A. Buch, F. Stalport, A. Grubisic, X. Li, V. Pinnick, R. Danell, F. H. van Amerom, F. Goesmann, H. Steininger, N. Grand, F. Raulin, C. Szopa, U. Meierhenrich, and J. R. Brucato. 2016. MOMA: the challenge to search for organics and biosignatures on Mars International Journal of Astrobiology 15 (03): 239-250 [10.1017/s1473550416000227]

Xiang Li, K. Uckert, S. Getty, et al. A. Grubisic, W. Brinckerhoff, T. Cornish, S. Ecelberger, and N. Chanover. 2015. Analysis of aqueous environments by laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry 2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference [10.1109/aero.2015.7119087]

Arevalo Jr., R., W. B. Brinckerhoff, F. Van Amerom, et al. R. M. Danell, V. T. Pinnick, X. Li, S. A. Getty, L. M. Hovmand, A. Grubisic, P. R. Mahaffy, F. Goesmann, and H. Steininger. 2015. Design and Demonstration of the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA) on the ExoMars 2018 Rover IEEE Aerospace


Getty, S. A., L. F. Lim, A. Grubisic, et al. A. E. Southard, J. Ferrance, M. A. Balvin, X. Li, T. Cornish, J. Elsila, L. A. Hess, C. A. Kotecki, J. G. Hagopian, and W. B. Brinckerhoff. 2019. Future planetary instrument capabilities made possible by micro- and nanotechnology Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications XI [10.1117/12.2519455]