Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Alex C Ruane


Alex C Ruane's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 212.678.5640
Org Code: 611
Mail Code 611
New York, NY 10025

Brief Bio

Dr. Alex Ruane is a Research Physical Scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, where he is co-Director of the GISS Climate Impacts Group, and an adjunct Associate Research Scientist at the Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research in New York City. Alex serves as the Research Coordinator and Climate Team Leader for the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP;, an international, transdisciplinary project connecting climate science, crop modeling, and economic modeling to place regional agricultural impacts of climate change into their global economic context to assess uncertainties, vulnerability, and world food security both today and in the future. 

Alex served as a Coordinating Lead Author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Sixth Assessment Report (IPCC AR6), Working Group 1 Chapter 12: 'Climate information for regional impact and for risk assessment'. As part of his contribution he facilitates interactions between the IPCC working groups on climate science (WG1) and climate impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability (WG2). He was also a member of the Core Writing Team for the IPCC Synthesis Report that combined findings across all Working Groups and Special Reports of the AR6 Cycle. Dr. Ruane is also the founder and Co-Chair of the Vulnerability, Impacts, Adaptation, and Climate Services (VIACS) Advisory Board for the Sixth Phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6), facilitating engagement between the climate modeling community and the VIACS communities that apply climate model outputs for societal benefit. Alex is a member of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP7) Panel, and serves on the Expert Committee for the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) Global Risk Assessment Framework (GRAF), where he co-chairs the 'Fostering Systems Thinking' Working Group.

Alex’s research uses a variety of climate and impacts assessment models to examine the influence of climate variability and change on a variety of sectors including agriculture, water resources, urban areas, infrastructure, energy, and human health, leading to the development of adaptation strategies and decision support tools for stakeholders and policy makers who need to understand vulnerabilities and uncertainties to successfully manage risk. Alex's work with AgMIP includes protocol design and climate-linked analyses across crops, livestock, economics, health, and food security on a continuum of time scales including the recent past, near-real-time present, and long-term projections including system changes. In all his work Alex develops new methods to tailor climate scenarios for unique applications around the world, and investigates observational methods, high-frequency variations, and extreme characteristics of hydroclimate. He is also leading several efforts to connect satellite and climate projection information into digital twins that support decision making for agricultural and urban settings.

Alex conducted his doctoral work studying the water cycle in the climate group at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography/UC San Diego, and received a B.S. in atmospheric science at Cornell University. His undergraduate thesis was built around a model of the Jovian atmosphere.

Research Interests

Climate Impacts

Earth Science: Applications

Understanding how climate variability and climate change affect our society and natural systems.

Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change

Earth Science: Applications

Assessing climate change impacts on the agriculutral sector of the United States and other developed and developing countries in order to identify and prioritize adaptation strategies.

Climate Change Impact Scenarios

Earth Science: Climate

Developing climate scenarios from cutting edge models and observations that capture important climate changes in ways that enable impacts modeling and analysis.

Water Cycle Analysis

Earth Science: Hydrology / Water Cycle

Understanding major reservoirs and fluxes of water throughout the climate system at different time scales.


Earth Science: Climate

For a list of Alex Ruane's publications, please visit:

Current Projects

The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP)


The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP; see connects leading climate, crop, livestock, and economic modelers to better assess climate impacts on food security and global agricultural production.  My work helps build and assess transdisciplinary, multi-model frameworks that gauge climate impacts and allows for the testing of adaptations from the field to international policy levels.  AgMIP Climate activities include the analysis of various historical climate and weather products, evalutation of future model simulations, and creation of climate scenarios for a number of agricultural modeling applications.

The Agricultural Productivity Indicator and Analysis System (APIAS)


APIAS investigates climate impacts on US agriculture using crop models run across the Conterminous United States at 0.25x0.25 degree resolution.  Simulations are run over the 1980-2010 period with historical conditions (to mimic recent seasons) and smoothed historical data (to capture the effect of intraseasonal extremes), as well as the 2010-2040 period to anticipate future impacts.  Results help identify hotspots of recent and projected climate impacts on the agricultural sector in order to prioritize the development of adaptations.

Coordinating Lead Author and Core Writing Team member for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Sixth Assessment Report (IPCC AR6)


Alex is Coordinating Lead Author for the IPCC AR6 Working Group I Chapter 12: Climate information for regional impact and for risk assessment. This chapter examines the connection between climate data and information that is useful for gauging hazards, impacts, and risk across regions and sectoral assets. As Coordinating Lead Author Dr. Ruane (and a team of two other CLAs) guide a team of ~15 chapter authors in the Chapter 12 assessment. Chapter 12, which is a novel chapter in AR6 and the last in WGI, also serves as a handshake between WGI and WGII (Climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability), so Dr. Ruane participates in planning and lead author meetings for both Working Groups. Alex is also a member of the Core Writing Team for the IPCC AR6 Synthesis Report.

AgMIP / NASA Harvest Connections for Remote Sensing and Crop Modeling Research and Applications

Seasonal Dynamics

AgMIP and the NASA Harvest Consortium for remote sensing agricultural applications are jointly exploring methods to improve the connected use of remote sensing and crop modeling. In partnership with the University of Maryland, AgMIP is developing a new crop model configuration designed to ingest remote sensing information in configuring, initiating, updating, and validating crop simulations. Current configurations focus on corn and soybean in Iowa at 30m resolution, with initial applications focusing on the use of soil moisture initialization and seasonal forecast applications.


Research Scientist

NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies - New York

August 2010 - Present

Co-Director of the GISS Climate Impacts Group

Teaching Experience

Scripps Institution of Oceanography/UCSD, La Jolla, CA
  • Forum Founder and Developer, SIO 209: ESP Climate Change Forum. 2006
  • Created weekly course investigating the areas of legitimate scientific debate in climate science, challenging misconceptions and assumptions of both climate skeptics and advocates of change.
    SIO 209: Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change 2007
    SIO 209: Interdisciplinary Policy Solutions to Scientific Problems in the Environment 2006
    SIO 209: Energy Policy, 2006 


Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA. 2002-2007
  • Ph.D. Earth Sciences: June, 2007
  • Dissertation Title: “Diurnal to Annual Variations in the Atmospheric Water Cycle”
  • Research Summary: Examined the simulation and observation of the atmosphere using a water and energy budget approach, with particular attention to the transient properties of hydrometeorological phenomena in the atmosphere and at the land surface. Global and regional reanalyses were evaluated for their abilities to match observations of variance and moisture transfers at diurnal to seasonal frequencies, as well as their sensitivities to land-surface schemes and convective parameterizations.
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. 1998-2002
  • B.S. Atmospheric Science magna cum laude with honors, 2002.
  • Honors Thesis Title: “Examining Wave Propagation Patterns in the Jovian Atmosphere Using the EPIC Model”
  • Research Summary: Advised by Dr. Joseph Harrington (Planetary Science), examined the response of Jupiter’s atmosphere to observed heating patterns, finding meridional and altitudinal variations in propagation behaviors.


Professional Societies

The American Meteorological Society

Former Co-President of Cornell Chapter of the American Meteorological Society (CCAMS): 2001

2001 - 2012

The American Geophysical Union

2002 - Present


  • Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-field), 2022
  • NASA Special Act Award for exceptional community service efforts, 2023
  • NASA Honor Award Appreciation for Excellence in Collaboration, 2023
  • NASA Special Act Award for exceptional community service efforts, 2021
  • Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-field), 2021
  • Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher (Agricultural Sciences), 2019
  • Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher (Cross-field), 2018
  • James E Irvine Award for Best Paper, International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 2013
  • DISCCRS V Symposium Fellow, National Science Foundation, 2010
  • NASA/ORAU Postdoctoral Program Fellow, NASA GISS, 2007-2009
  • Assisted in the development of the "Feel the Heat" award-winning exhibit; Birch Aquarium at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, 2007
  • American Geophysical Union Outstanding Student Paper Award; Hydrology Section at the Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2006
  • American Meteorological Society’s Summer Policy Colloquium Fellow, 2006
  • California Space Institute and California Space Grant Consortium recipient, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, 2003-2004
  • Scripps Admiral Nimitz Fellowship, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 2002-2003
  • Academic Excellence Award for the Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, 2002
  • New York NASA Space Grant Consortium recipient, Cornell University, 2001

Special Experience

Co-Chair, Fostering Systems Thinking Working Group for the UN Office of Disaster Risk Reduction Global Risk Assessment Framework (UNDRR GRAF), Geneva, Switzerland, 2017-present

Science Steering Committee Member, Analysis, Integration and Modeling of the Earth System (AIMES), 2018-present

Science Steering Committee Member, The International Committee on New Integrated Climate Change Assessment Scenarios (ICONICS), 2018-present

Scientific Advisor, “Hot: One World, One Climate” curriculum development, New York, NY: 2013-2016

• Helped develop curriculum, teaching approaches, and online tolls and resources for middle- and secondary-school math, science, social studies, and English teachers looking for an integrated and applied unit on global change. Participated in teacher trainings and professional development.

Fellow, the American Meteorological Society’s Summer Policy Colloquium, Washington, DC: 2006

• Gained invaluable access and insight into the policy-making process of the federal government, as well as outside groups that have a stake in environmental science policy.

Member/Coordinator, the Environmental Science and Policy (ESP) Group, Scripps Institution of Oceanography/UCSD, La Jolla, CA, 2002-2008

• Led the growth and expansion of group focused on the societal impacts relating to environmental science and policy, with attention placed on identifying career opportunities outside of academia.

Scientific Contributor, Birch Aquarium at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA: 2007

• Advised the development of “Feeling the Heat”, an award-winning climate change exhibit displaying for three years at the Birch Aquarium; assisted in related staff training.

Selected Publications


2023. "Global-to-local-to-global interactions and climate change." Environmental Research Letters 18 (5): 053002 [10.1088/1748-9326/acc95c] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "The extreme 2016 wheat yield failure in France." Global Change Biology 29 (11): 3130-3146 [10.1111/gcb.16662] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "The drivers and impacts of Amazon forest degradation." Science 379 (6630): [10.1126/science.abp8622] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "The hazard components of representative key risks. The physical climate perspective." Climate Risk Management 40 100516 [10.1016/j.crm.2023.100516] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "The Climatic Impact‐Driver Framework for Assessment of Risk‐Relevant Climate Information." Earth's Future 10 (11): [10.1029/2022ef002803] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Processing tomato production is expected to decrease by 2050 due to the projected increase in temperature." Nature Food 3 (6): 437-444 [10.1038/s43016-022-00521-y] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Are soybean models ready for climate change food impact assessments?." European Journal of Agronomy 135 126482 [10.1016/j.eja.2022.126482] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "AgMIP Regional Integrated Assessment of Agricultural Systems in Nioro, Senegal." Open Data Journal for Agricultural Research 7 [10.18174/odjar.v7i0.17977] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Developing Pathways for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Zimbabwe by 2030." Climate Change Adaptations in Dryland Agriculture in Semi-Arid Areas 185-202 [10.1007/978-981-16-7861-5_13] [Article in Book]

2022. "Climate Science: A Summary for Actuaries: What the IPCC Climate Change Report 2021 Means for the Actuarial Profession. International Actuarial Association." [Other]

2021. "Sustainable Use of Groundwater May Dramatically Reduce Irrigated Production of Maize, Soybean, and Wheat." Earth's Future 10 (1): [10.1029/2021ef002018] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Climate impacts on global agriculture emerge earlier in new generation of climate and crop models." Nature Food 2 (11): 873-885 [10.1038/s43016-021-00400-y] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "A New Approach to Evaluate and Reduce Uncertainty of Model-Based Biodiversity Projections for Conservation Policy Formulation." BioScience 71 (12): 1261-1273 [10.1093/biosci/biab094] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Agricultural breadbaskets shift poleward given adaptive farmer behavior under climate change." Global Change Biology [10.1111/gcb.15868] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Methodology to assess the changing risk of yield failure due to heat and drought stress under climate change." Environmental Research Letters 16 (10): 104033 [10.1088/1748-9326/ac2196] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Extreme lows of wheat production in Brazil." Environmental Research Letters 16 (10): 104025 [10.1088/1748-9326/ac26f3] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Introducing and evaluating the Climate Hazards center IMErg with Stations (CHIMES) - Timely station-enhanced Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for Global Precipitation Measurement." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 1-52 [10.1175/bams-d-20-0245.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Potential impacts of projected warming scenarios on winter wheat in the UK." The Journal of Agricultural Science 159 (7-8): 511-522 [10.1017/s0021859621000903] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Climate change impacts and adaptation for dryland farming systems in Zimbabwe: a stakeholder-driven integrated multi-model assessment." Climatic Change 168 (1-2): 10 [10.1007/s10584-021-03151-8] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Chapter 1: Overview of AgMIP Regional Integrated Assessment." Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems 3-13 [10.1142/9781786348791_0001] [Article in Book]

2021. "Chapter 5: AgMIP Regional Integrated Assessments: High-level Findings, Methods, Tools, and Studies (2012–2017)." Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems 123-142 [10.1142/9781786348791_0005] [Article in Book]

2021. "Moving to National Scale." Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems 465-476 [10.1142/9781786348814_0011] [Article in Book]

2021. "Chapter 4: Design, Development, and Evaluation of the AgMIP Impacts Explorer: Applying a User-Centered Approach in an Interactive Visualization Tool." Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems 103-121 [10.1142/9781786348791_0004] [Article in Book]

2021. "Understanding Differences in Climate Sensitivity Simulations of APSIM and DSSAT Crop Models." Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems 15-46 [10.1142/9781786348791_0002] [Article in Book]

2021. "Large potential for crop production adaptation depends on available future varieties." Global Change Biology 27 (16): 3870-3882 [10.1111/gcb.15649] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Strong regional influence of climatic forcing datasets on global crop model ensembles." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 300 108313 [10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108313] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Chapter 12: Climate change information for regional impact and for risk assessment." Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Article in Book]

2020. "Characterizing spatiotemporal patterns of crop phenology across North America during 2000–2016 using satellite imagery and agricultural survey data." ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 170 156-173 [10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2020.10.005] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Impacts of 1.5 °C and 2.0 °C global warming above pre-industrial on potential winter wheat production of China." European Journal of Agronomy 120 126149 [10.1016/j.eja.2020.126149] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "The GGCMI phase 2 emulators: Global gridded crop model responses to changes in CO2, temperature, water, and nitrogen (version 1.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 13 (9): 3995-4018 [10.5194/gmd-13-3995-2020] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Modelling climate change impacts on maize yields under low nitrogen input conditions in sub‐Saharan Africa." Global Change Biology 26 (10): 5942-5964 [10.1111/gcb.15261] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Understanding and managing connected extreme events." Nature Climate Change 10 (7): 611-621 [10.1038/s41558-020-0790-4] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Recent Shrinkage and Fragmentation of Bluegrass Landscape in Kentucky." Remote Sensing 12 (11): 1815 [10.3390/rs12111815] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "The GGCMI Phase 2 experiment: global gridded crop model simulations under uniform changes in CO2, temperature, water, and nitrogen levels (protocol version 1.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 13 (5): 2315-2336 [10.5194/gmd-13-2315-2020] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Integrated assessment of climate change impacts on crop productivity and income of commercial maize farms in northeast South Africa." Food Security 12 (3): 659-678 [10.1007/s12571-020-01023-0] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "The Concept of Risk in the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report: A Summary of Cross-Working Group Discussions: Guidance for IPCC Authors." Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Other]

2019. "Hydrologic and Agricultural Earth Observations and Modeling for the Water-Food Nexus." Frontiers in Environmental Science 7 pp. 23 [10.3389/fenvs.2019.00023] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Earth Observations and Integrative Models in Support of Food and Water Security." Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences [10.1007/s41976-019-0008-6] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "A taxonomy-based approach to shed light on the babel of mathematical models for rice simulation." Environmental Modelling & Software 85 332-341 [10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.09.007] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Uncertainty of wheat water use: Simulated patterns and sensitivity to temperature and CO2." Field Crops Research 198 80-92 [10.1016/j.fcr.2016.08.015] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Estimating model prediction error: Should you treat predictions as fixed or random?." Environmental Modelling & Software 84 529-539 [10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.07.010] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "The Vulnerability, Impacts, Adaptation and Climate Services Advisory Board (VIACS AB v1.0) contribution to CMIP6." Geoscientific Model Development 9 (9): 3493-3515 [10.5194/gmd-9-3493-2016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Multi-wheat-model ensemble responses to interannual climate variability." Environmental Modelling & Software 81 86-101 [10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.03.008] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Regional disparities in the beneficial effects of rising CO2 concentrations on crop water productivity." Nature Climate change 6 (8): 786-790 [10.1038/nclimate2995] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Evaluating the sensitivity of agricultural model performance to different climate inputs." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 55 (3): 579-594 [10.1175/jamc-d-15-0120.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Temperature and precipitation effects on wheat yield across a European transect: a crop model ensemble analysis using impact response surfaces." Clim. Res. 65 87-105 [10.3354/cr01322] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "A statistical analysis of three ensembles of crop model responses to temperature and CO2 concentration." Agr. Forest Meteorol. 214–215 483-493 [doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.09.013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Modelling Bambara groundnut in Southern Africa towards climate resilient future." Clim. Res. 65 193-203 [doi:10.3354/cr01300] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "A crop model ensemble analysis of temperature and precipitation effects on wheat yield across a European transect using impact response surfaces." Clim. Res. 65 87-105 [doi:10.3354/cr01322] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Simulated impacts of climate change on water use and yield of irrigated sugarcane in South Africa." Agric. Syst. 139 260-270 [doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2015.07.007] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "A framework for the cross-sectoral integration of multi-model impact projections: Land use decisions under climate impacts uncertainties." Earth Syst. Dyn. 6 447-460 [doi:10.5194/esd-6-447-2015] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Multimodel ensembles of wheat growth: Many models are better than one." Glob. Change Biol. 21 (2): 911-925 [doi:10.1111/gcb.12768] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Uncertainties in predicting rice yield by current crop models under a wide range of climatic conditions." Glob. Change Biol. 21 (3): 1328-1341 [doi:10.1111/gcb.12758] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Exploring climate change impacts and adaptation options for maize production in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia using different climate change scenarios and crop models." Climatic Change 129 (1): 145-158 [doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1322-x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production." Nature Clim. Change 5 (2): 143-147 [doi:10.1038/nclimate2470] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "The Global Gridded Crop Model Intercomparison: Data and modeling protocols for Phase 1 (v1.0)." Geosci. Model Dev. 8 261-277 [doi:10.5194/gmd-8-261-2015] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Climate forcing datasets for agricultural modeling: Merged products for gap-filling and historical climate series estimation." Agr. Forest Meteorol. 200 233-248 [doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production." Nature Climate change 5 (2): 143-147 [10.1038/nclimate2470] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors?." Global Change Biology 20 (7): 2301-2320 [10.1111/gcb.12520] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9): 3268-3273 [10.1073/pnas.1222463110] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Multisectoral climate impact hotspots in a warming world." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9): 3233-3238 [10.1073/pnas.1222471110] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Carbon-Temperature-Water change analysis for peanut production under climate change: a prototype for the AgMIP Coordinated Climate-Crop Modeling Project (C3MP)." Global Change Biology 20 (2): 394-407 [10.1111/gcb.12412] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Constraints and potentials of future irrigation water availability on agricultural production under climate change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9): 3239-3244 [10.1073/pnas.1222474110] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Climate Change in the West Asia and North Africa region." Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa 3-26 [10.1007/978-94-007-6751-5_1] [Article in Book]

2013. "Uncertainty in simulating wheat yields under climate change." Nature Climate change 3 (9): 827-832 [10.1038/nclimate1916] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Projected climate impacts to South African maize and wheat production in 2055: a comparison of empirical and mechanistic modeling approaches." Global Change Biology 19 (12): 3762-3774 [10.1111/gcb.12325] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP): Protocols and pilot studies." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 170 166-182 [10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.09.011] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Climate change impact uncertainties for maize in Panama: Farm information, climate projections, and yield sensitivities." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 170 132-145 [10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.10.015] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Multi-factor impact analysis of agricultural production in Bangladesh with climate change." Global Environmental Change 23 (1): 338-350 [10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.09.001] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Climate Hazard Assessment for Stakeholder Adaptation Planning in New York City." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 50 (11): 2247-2266 [10.1175/2011JAMC2521.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Simulation of free air CO2 enriched wheat growth and interactions with water, nitrogen, and temperature." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150 (10): 1331-1346 [10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.06.004] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "NARR’s Atmospheric Water Cycle Components. Part II: Summertime Mean and Diurnal Interactions." J. Hydrometeor 11 (6): 1220-1233 [10.1175/2010JHM1279.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "NARR’s Atmospheric Water Cycle Components. Part I: 20-Year Mean and Annual Interactions." J. Hydrometeor 11 (6): 1205-1219 [10.1175/2010JHM1193.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "A multimodel analysis for the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP)." J. Hydrometeor. 10 (4): 912-934 [10.1175/2009JHM1090.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Estimating the Influence of Evaporation and Moisture-Flux Convergence upon Seasonal Precipitation Rates. Part II: An Analysis for North America Based upon the NCEP–DOE Reanalysis II Model." J. Hydrometeor 10 (4): 893-911 [10.1175/2009JHM1063.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "A New Metric for Estimating the Influence of Evaporation on Seasonal Precipitation Rates." J. Hydrometeor. 9 (3): 576-588 [10.1175/2007JHM968.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Diurnal to Annual Precipitation Sensitivity to Convective and Land Surface Schemes." Earth Interactions 12 (5): 1-13 [10.1175/2008EI256.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Dominant Balances and Exchanges of the Atmospheric Water Cycle in the Reanalysis 2 at Diurnal, Annual, and Intraseasonal Time Scales." J. Climate 21 (16): 3951-3966 [10.1175/2007JCLI2015.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Sea level rise projections for current generation CGCMs based on the semi-empirical method." Geophys Res Lett 35 (2): L02715 [10.1029/2007GL032486] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "The Diurnal Cycle of Water and Energy over the Continental United States from Three Reanalyses." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan 85A 117-143 [10.2151/jmsj.85A.117] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "6-Hour to 1-Year Variance of Five Global Precipitation Sets." Earth Interactions 11 (11): 1-29 [10.1175/EI225.1] [Journal Article/Letter]


2010. " Climate Change Risks and Food Security in Bangladesh (Earthscan Climate)." [Book]