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Sciences and Exploration Directorate (600) Science Highlights Archive

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July

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Towards long-term global aerosol optical depth (AOD) records: a consistent retrieval algorithm for MODIS and VIIRS
  • – Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) is underestimated over South Asia in multiple models

June

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Four-Frequency Radar Measurements of Clouds and Precipitation From NASA ER-2
  • – TRMM Extreme Precipitation Monitoring System
  • – Improvements in the Simulation of Ozone in GEOSCCM

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Improving S-NPP VIIRS Reflective Solar Bands On-orbit Calibration
  • – Impact of Urbanization on the Continental US Surface Climate
  • – Holidays in lights: Tracking cultural patterns in demand for energy services

May

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – AERONET Precipitable Water Vapor Validated for Global Applications
  • – Tropical Upper-Troposphere Ice Clouds Are Systematically Tilted Poleward
  • – First demonstration of formaldehyde (HCHO) retrieval with Suomi NPP OMPS

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – The South Pole ice core - Recovering a 40,000 year environmental record
  • – The North Atlantic Ocean Heat Content (OHC) variability: Subtropical mode waters gaining heat while getting cooler - midthermocline isopycnals sinking!
  • – Regional Landslide Susceptibility Map (Pre-earthquake estimates)
  • – NCA-LDAS: An Integrated Terrestrial Water Analysis System for Evaluation and Dissemination of National Climate Assessment (NCA) Indicators
  • – MODIS Atmosphere Products offer Improved Quality, Coverage and Resolution

April

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Improving Simulated Radar Signatures in the Goddard Cloud Model
  • – Saharan Dust Prevents Phosphorus Depletion in the Amazon Rainforest
  • – Is the Antarctic Ozone Hole Beginning to Recover?

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Arctic Sea Ice Maximum and Minimum Extent 1979-2015
  • – Algodones Dunes characterization campaign 2015
  • – Timely and accurate winter wheat production forecasts for major producers using MODIS data and growing degree day information
  • – Climate Data Initiative Releases Human Health Theme

March

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Converging to the “Real” Oceanic Precipitation
  • – The 27-Day Rotational Variations in Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) Observations: from SORCE/TIM, ACRIMSAT/ACRIM III, and SOHO/VIRGO
  • – Tropical winds affect chlorine levels inside the Antarctic ozone hole

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Observations of rapid aerosol optical depth enhancements in the vicinity of polluted cumulus clouds
  • – TanDEM-X Pol-InSAR Inversion for Mangrove Canopy Height

February

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Modeling Studies of Direct (in Radiation) and Indirect (in Cloud Microphysics) Effects of Aerosols Using the NASA Unified WRF
  • – Earth’s Climate Sensitivity: Apparent Inconsistencies in Recent Analyses
  • – Improved Nimbus-7 TOMS View of the 1991 Gulf War Oil Fires Plume Shows Extensive Impact of Smoke Cloud

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Detection of earlier snowmelt in the Wind River Range, Wyoming, using the Landsat Image Archive, 1972-2013
  • – Land-atmosphere coupling from satellite remote sensing as a drought-monitoring tool

January

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Cloud variations skew the statistics of near-cloud aerosol properties
  • – Dry Deposition of NO2 and SO2 in Urban Areas Inferred from Aura/OMI

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission Sees 2015 Nor’easter
  • – Calculating crop water requirement satisfaction in the West Africa Sahel with remotely sensed soil moisture
  • – Blending Satellite Snow Depth Products with In-situ Data for Snow and Streamflow Predictions
  • – Multivariate assimilation of satellite-derived remote sensing datasets in the National Climate Assessment Land Data Assimilation System (NCA-LDAS)
  • – Assessing the impact of L-band observations on drought estimation: A decision theoretic approach in an OSSE environment
  • – Calibration to improve simulation of microwave emissivity over the U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP) for GPM
  • – Seasonal Parameterizations of the Tau-Omega Model for SMAP
                                                                                                                                                                                        
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