Sciences and Exploration Directorate (600) Science Highlights Archive

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December

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – High-Resolution Vertical Observations of Double Bright Band Phenomenon
  • – New ways to evaluate IPCC model cloudiness using ISCCP cloud regimes
  • – First Observations of Vertical Fluxes from the NASA DC-8 Directly Quantify Chemical Transformations and Surface-Atmosphere Exchange In Situ Observations Laboratory

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Assessment of SMAP Passive-Only Soil Moisture Data (Beta Version)
  • – Stereo IKONOS is a Viable Tool for Estimating Young Forest Growth
  • – Early Spring Post-fire Snow Albedo Dynamics in High Latitude Boreal Forests Using Landsat-8 OLI Data

November

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Bright Band Simulations using WRF Model with New Melting Microphysics
  • – MODIS Terra-Aqua C6+ Cross-Calibration Improvements
  • – Aura OMI NO2 data: Regional changes in air pollution

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Goddard’s Scanning L-band Active Passive (SLAP) Conducts First Airborne Campaign Dedicated to Soil Freeze/Thaw
  • – Amazon Forest Structure Generates Diurnal and Seasonal Variability in Light Utilization
  • – Uncertainties in Global Coastal Ocean Color Products: Impacts of Spatial Sampling

October

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Lidar Measurements of Smoke from Western Wildfires
  • – A new tool for Earth Observations Using Small Satellites

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – High Resolution GRACE-based Drought/Wetness Maps
  • – Operational Near Real-Time Flood Inundation Product for the Lower Mekong River Basin
  • – Landsat Analysis Zooms In On High Latitude Vegetation Greening
  • – Hurricane Patricia Disaster Response

September

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Evaluation of the New Version of the Laser-Optical Disdrometer, OTT PARSIVEL 2
  • – The CHIMAERA System for Universal Cloud Retrievals
  • – Ozone Depletion by Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Can Satellite Rainfall Help Us To Estimate Long-Term Flood Risks?
  • – Design and Development of VHF (240-270 MHz) Antennas for SoOp (Signal of Opportunity) Receiver for 6U CubeSat Platforms
  • – First Demonstration of the Use of Satellite Fluorescence in a Carbon Cycle Model and Evaluation Using Space Based Measurements of Atmospheric CO2
  • – Unique Fluorescence & Thermal Imagery Reveal Photosynthetic Function
  • – Climate Data Initiative Releases Arctic Data and Tools
  • – Inter-comparison of Landsat Albedo Retrieval Techniques and Evaluation against In Situ Measurements Across the US SURFRAD Network

August

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Improving Storm Forecasts by Data Assimilation of GPM-era Observations
  • – Better Deep Blue Products: Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo and Height from Combined S-NPP VIIRS, OMPS, and CALIOP Observations
  • – What caused the steps in stratospheric global temperature anomalies?

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Land-Atmosphere Coupling in Modern Reanalysis Products
  • – Measuring the Directional Variations of Land Surface Reflectance From MODIS

July

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Towards long-term global aerosol optical depth (AOD) records: a consistent retrieval algorithm for MODIS and VIIRS
  • – Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) is underestimated over South Asia in multiple models

June

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Four-Frequency Radar Measurements of Clouds and Precipitation From NASA ER-2
  • – TRMM Extreme Precipitation Monitoring System
  • – Improvements in the Simulation of Ozone in GEOSCCM

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Improving S-NPP VIIRS Reflective Solar Bands On-orbit Calibration
  • – Impact of Urbanization on the Continental US Surface Climate
  • – Holidays in lights: Tracking cultural patterns in demand for energy services

May

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – AERONET Precipitable Water Vapor Validated for Global Applications
  • – Tropical Upper-Troposphere Ice Clouds Are Systematically Tilted Poleward
  • – First demonstration of formaldehyde (HCHO) retrieval with Suomi NPP OMPS

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – The South Pole ice core - Recovering a 40,000 year environmental record
  • – The North Atlantic Ocean Heat Content (OHC) variability: Subtropical mode waters gaining heat while getting cooler - midthermocline isopycnals sinking!
  • – Regional Landslide Susceptibility Map (Pre-earthquake estimates)
  • – NCA-LDAS: An Integrated Terrestrial Water Analysis System for Evaluation and Dissemination of National Climate Assessment (NCA) Indicators
  • – MODIS Atmosphere Products offer Improved Quality, Coverage and Resolution

April

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Improving Simulated Radar Signatures in the Goddard Cloud Model
  • – Saharan Dust Prevents Phosphorus Depletion in the Amazon Rainforest
  • – Is the Antarctic Ozone Hole Beginning to Recover?

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Arctic Sea Ice Maximum and Minimum Extent 1979-2015
  • – Algodones Dunes characterization campaign 2015
  • – Timely and accurate winter wheat production forecasts for major producers using MODIS data and growing degree day information
  • – Climate Data Initiative Releases Human Health Theme

March

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Converging to the “Real” Oceanic Precipitation
  • – The 27-Day Rotational Variations in Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) Observations: from SORCE/TIM, ACRIMSAT/ACRIM III, and SOHO/VIRGO
  • – Tropical winds affect chlorine levels inside the Antarctic ozone hole

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Observations of rapid aerosol optical depth enhancements in the vicinity of polluted cumulus clouds
  • – TanDEM-X Pol-InSAR Inversion for Mangrove Canopy Height

February

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Modeling Studies of Direct (in Radiation) and Indirect (in Cloud Microphysics) Effects of Aerosols Using the NASA Unified WRF
  • – Earth’s Climate Sensitivity: Apparent Inconsistencies in Recent Analyses
  • – Improved Nimbus-7 TOMS View of the 1991 Gulf War Oil Fires Plume Shows Extensive Impact of Smoke Cloud

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Detection of earlier snowmelt in the Wind River Range, Wyoming, using the Landsat Image Archive, 1972-2013
  • – Land-atmosphere coupling from satellite remote sensing as a drought-monitoring tool

January

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Cloud variations skew the statistics of near-cloud aerosol properties
  • – Dry Deposition of NO2 and SO2 in Urban Areas Inferred from Aura/OMI

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission Sees 2015 Nor’easter
  • – Calculating crop water requirement satisfaction in the West Africa Sahel with remotely sensed soil moisture
  • – Blending Satellite Snow Depth Products with In-situ Data for Snow and Streamflow Predictions
  • – Multivariate assimilation of satellite-derived remote sensing datasets in the National Climate Assessment Land Data Assimilation System (NCA-LDAS)
  • – Assessing the impact of L-band observations on drought estimation: A decision theoretic approach in an OSSE environment
  • – Calibration to improve simulation of microwave emissivity over the U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP) for GPM
  • – Seasonal Parameterizations of the Tau-Omega Model for SMAP
                                                                                                                                                                                        
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