Sciences and Exploration Directorate (600) Science Highlights Archive

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September

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Nonspherical Ice Particle Models for Precipitation Remote Sensing
  • – Advancements in Observing and Modeling Coupled Aerosol-Cloud Systems
  • – Atom provides a new perspective on tropospheric formaldehyde

August

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Engaging Audiences about Rain, Snow and Storms: GPM’s Rain EnGAUGE
  • – Alaska, Greenland, Iceland and Patagonia are Active Dust Producing Regions
  • – Complex Regional Trends (2005-2015) in NO2 and SO2 Pollution from Aura’s Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – First Image Products from EcoSAR - Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica
  • – A synthesis of the basal thermal state of the Greenland Ice Sheet
  • – Evaluation of Current Planetary Boundary Layer Retrieval Capabilities from Space
  • – From toes to top-of-the-atmosphere: Fowler Sneaker Index
  • – Cross Correlation versus Normalized Mutual Information on Image Registration

July

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – First Remote Sensing Observations of Convective Bursts in a Rapidly Intensifying Hurricane from the Global Hawk Platform
  • – Effects of DSCOVR Temporal Sampling Frequency Quantified with GEOS-5 Nature Run
  • – The first global, satellite based sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission inventory

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – MODIS-Aqua reveals evolving phytoplankton community structure during the Arabian Sea Northeast Monsoon
  • – Harmonizing Landsat and Sentinel-2 Reflectances for Better Land Monitoring
  • – AERONET Version 3 Release—Providing significant improvements for multi-decadal global aerosol database and near real-time validation
  • – MABEL photon-counting laser altimetry data in Alaska for ICESat-2 simulations and development
  • – Hydrological Impacts from Fire-Induced Surface Albedo Darkening in Africa
  • – How Universal Is the Relationship between Remotely Sensed Vegetation Indices (VI) and Crop Leaf Area Index (LAI)?

June

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – A new method to quantify smoke and dust aerosols above clouds
  • – Low Ozone over Europe doesn’t mean the sky is falling, it’s actually rising

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Mapping Impact of Urbanization in the Continental U.S. from 2001-2020
  • – Progress of Improving Terra MODIS LWIR Spectral Band Calibration
  • – Dramatic Contrasts in Arctic vs Antarctic Sea Ice Trends in 3-D Visualizations and Compilations of Monthly Record Highs and Lows
  • – SMAP Faraday Rotation
  • – Rainfall-triggered Landslides Bury Sri Lankan Villages
  • – Calculating Remote Sensing Reflectance Uncertainties Using an Instrument Model Propagated Through Atmospheric Correction via Monte Carlo Simulations
  • – Measurement of the Band-to-Band Registration of the SNPP VIIRS Imaging System from On-Orbit Data

May

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – A First Look at X-BADGER data from the Plains Elevated Convection At Night (PECAN) field campaign
  • – DSCOVR[ing] EPIC’s Utility for Cloud Retrievals
  • – Suomi NPP satellite observes Alaska’s Pavlof volcanic cloud

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Comparison of Forest Canopy Height Estimation from Lidar, InSAR and Very High Resolution Stereo Imagery Highlights the Advantages and Alternatives for Forest Structure and Biomass Estimation in Remote Areas
  • – Positive Trend in Antarctic Sea Ice and Associated Changes in Surface Temperature
  • – Profiling Inland Water Bodies from Above the Troposphere
  • – Phytoplankton Chlorophyll Cecline in Equatorial Pacific Associated with 2015 El Niño Event
  • – A 30+ years AVHRR Land Climate Data Record

April

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Tropical Convection and Microphysics Equilibrium
  • – The Missing Tropical Arm of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Deepening Observed Since the 1950s in Mid-Depth Ocean Isopycnals Due to Global Warming
  • – Assessing EO-1 and Landsat instrument capabilities for mapping Great Lakes ice
  • – 30 Years of Change to the Antarctic Peninsula from Landsat (1986-2016)
  • – Arctic Sea Ice Maximum and Minimum Extent 1979-2016
  • – Physical Controls on the Distribution of Colored Dissolved Organic Matter in the Southern Ocean
  • – Value of Available Global Soil Moisture Products for Agricultural Monitoring and Yield Prediction
  • – Goddard Laser for Absolute Measurement of Radiance (GLAMR)

March

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Exploiting the full GPM constellation for the retrieval of precipitation
  • – Aircraft observations help quantify smoke microphysical impacts on Arctic and subarctic clouds
  • – Total Ozone Comparison between SNPP/OMPS and DSCVR/EPIC Ozone

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – G-LiHT Webmap: Over 100 Billion Laser Pulses Served
  • – Innovations in information management and access for assessments

February

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Uncertainties of GPM/DPR Rain Estimates Caused by DSD Parameterizations
  • – A stable high-quality aerosol data record from MODIS Terra Deep Blue
  • – GPS Radio Occultation (RO) valuable for polar boundary layer studies

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Modeling stick-slip motion of ice streams
  • – Estimation of surface evaporative fraction using easily obtainable variables from Landsat and MODIS
  • – Networking of automated ground measurements for sensor calibration
  • – Networking of automated ground measurements for sensor calibration (continued) Initial Studies of the Directional Reflectance Changes in Pressed and Sintered PTFE Diffusers Following Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
  • – Curating Climate Resilience Data for the Climate Data Initiative
  • – Estimating the effective spatial resolution of the operational BRDF, albedo, and nadir reflectance products from MODIS and VIIRS

January

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Tree cover in the Taiga-Tundra Ecotone (TTE) : Landsat-based uncertainty and validation
  • – Nansen Ice Shelf GPS and tiltmeter field data to validate ice shelf flexure visco-elastic modeling
  • – Challenges in remote sensing and simulation of irrigation
  • – Urban Area Monitoring using MODIS Time Series Data
  • – Near-real-time VIIRS Imagery and Fires
                                                                                                                                                                                        
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