Dr. Scott A Braun

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Dr. Scott A Braun

  • RESEARCH AST, METEOROLOGICAL STUDIES
  • 301.614.6316 | 301.614.5492
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 612
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Current Projects

    Principal Investigator for the Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) investigation

    HS3 is a multi-year investigation of the processes that underlie hurricane formation and intensification, with special emphasis on the relative roles of the environment and inner-core processes.  HS3 is using two of NASA's unmanned Global Hawk aircraft, one equipped with a payload designed to sample environmental winds, temperature, and humidity; the other with a payload focused on measurement of the 3D structure of precipitation and winds within the inner-core region.  The Global Hawks will be deployed from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia for 4-5 weeks during the hurricane seasons of 2012, 2013, and 2014. Information on HS3 can be found at http://espo.nasa.gov/hs3.

    Project Scientist for the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)

    TRMM is a joint project between NASA and the Japanese space agency, JAXA. It was launched on November 27, 1997 and continues to provide the research and operational communities unique precipitation information from space. The first-time use of both active and passive microwave instruments and the precessing, low inclination orbit (35°) make TRMM the world’s foremost satellite for the study of precipitation and associated storms and climate processes in the tropics. Complete information about the TRMM mission can be found at the U.S. TRMM web site http://pmm.nasa.gov/TRMM.

    Positions/Employment

    1998 - Present

    Research Meteorologist

    NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD
    1997 - 1998

    Visiting Fellow

    Universities Space Research Association, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD
    1995 - 1997

    Advanced Study Program Postdoctoral Fellow

    NCAR, Boulder, CO
    1989 - 1995

    Research Assistant

    University of Washington, Seattle, WA

    Education

    1989 - B.A. in Science, concentration in meteorology, San Francisco State University
    1995 - Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington

    Awards

    2007 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal
    2006 Goddard Honor Award for Earth Science Achievement
    2001 Scientific Research Award, Laboratory for Atmospheres
    1989 Howard H. Hanks, Jr. Memorial Scholarship in Meteorology, AMS
    1989 School of Science Honoree, San Francisco State University (SFSU)



    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Sippel, J. A., S. A. Braun, F. Zhang, and Y. Weng. 2014. "Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of simulated HIWRAP Doppler velocity data in a hurricane." Monthly Weather Review, 141: 2683-2704.

    Braun, S. A., J. A. Sippel, C.-L. Shie, and R. A. Boller. 2013. "The Evolution and Role of the Saharan Air Layer during Hurricane Helene (2006)." Mon. Weather Rev., 141 (12): 4269-4295 [10.1175/MWR-D-13-00045.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, T. Matsui, and C. Williams. 2013. "Evaluation of cloud microphysics schemes in simulations of a winter storm using radar and radiometer measurements." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (3): 1401-1419 [10.1002/jgrd.50115]

    Braun, S. A., R. Kakar, E. Zipser, et al. G. M. Heymsfield, C. Albers, S. Brown, S. Durden, S. Guimond, J. Halverson, A. Heymsfield, S. Ismail, B. Lambrigtsen, T. Miller, S. Tanelli, J. Thomas, and J. Zawislak. 2013. "NASA's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Field Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (3): 345-363 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00232.1]

    Braun, S., J. Sippel, and D. Nolan. 2012. "The Impact of Dry Midlevel Air on Hurricane Intensity in Idealized Simulations with No Mean Flow." J Atmos Sci, 69 (1): 236-257 [10.1175/JAS-D-10-05007.1]

    Sippel, J., S. A. Braun, and C. Shie. 2011. "Environmental Influences on the Strength of Tropical Storm Debby (2006)." J Atmos Sci, 68 (11): 2557–2581 [10.1175/2011JAS3648.1]

    Yang, M., S. A. Braun, and C. Deng-Shun. 2011. "Water Budget of Typhoon Nari (2001)." Mon. Wea. Rev., 139 (12): 3809-3828 [10.1175/MWR-D-10-05090.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, W. S. Olson, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2010. "Application of TRMM PR and TMI Measurements to Assess Cloud Microphysical Schemes in the MM5 for a Winter Storm." J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49 (6): 1129-1148 [10.1175/2010JAMC2327.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, K. Mallen, and P. Reasor. 2010. "Simulation and Interpretation of the Genesis of Tropical Storm Gert (2005) as Part of the NASA Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (4): 999-1025 [10.1175/2009JAS3140.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Comments on “Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System”." J Atmos Sci, 67 (7): 2402-2410 [10.1175/2010JAS3458.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Shi, S. Chen, et al. E. A. Lee, S.-Y. Hong, C. Peters-Lidard, S. A. Braun, G. Thompson, and J. Simpson. 2010. "New, improved bulk-microphysical schemes for studying precipitation processes in WRF: Part I: Comparison with different microphysical schemes." Mon Wea Rev,

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2009. "Alongfront Variability of Precipitation Associated with a Midlatitude Frontal Zone: TRMM Observations and MM5 Simulation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 137 (3): 1008-1028 [10.1175/2008MWR2465.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2008. "Implications of tropical cyclone power dissipation index." Int. J. Climatol., 28 (6): 727-731 [10.1002/joc.1573]

    Halverson, J., M. Black, S. A. Braun, et al. D. Cecil, M. Goodman, A. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, R. Hood, T. Krishnamurti, G. McFarquhar, M. J. Mahoney, J. Molinari, R. Rogers, J. Turk, C. Velden, D. Zhang, E. Zipser, and R. Kakar. 2007. "NASA's Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) Experiment: Investigating Tropical Cyclogenesis and Hurricane Intensity Change." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 88: 867-882.

    Cram, T., J. Persing, M. Montgomery, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "A Lagrangian Trajectory View on Transport and Mixing Processes between the Eye, Eyewall, and Environment Using a High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998)." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64 (6): 1835-1856 [10.1175/JAS3921.1]

    Braun, S. A., and L. Wu. 2007. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part II: Shear and the Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." Mon Wea Rev, 135 (4): 1179-1194 [10.1175/MWR3336.1]

    Olson, W., C. Kummerow, S. Yang, et al. G. Petty, W. Tao, T. Bell, S. Braun, Y. Wang, S. Lang, D. Johnson, and C. Chiu. 2006. "Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties." J Appl Meteorol Climatol, 45 (5): 702-720.

    Braun, S. A. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part II: Water Budget." J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (1): 43-64 [10.1175/JAS3609.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, and Z. Pu. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part I: The Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (1): 19-42 [10.1175/JAS3598.1]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. J. Qu, and X. Hao. 2006. "Simulating the formation of Hurricane Isabel (2003) with AIRS data." Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (4): L04804 [10.1029/2005GL024665]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2006. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part I: Model Verification and Storm Evolution." J Atmos Sci, 63 (1): 65-86 [10.1175/JAS3597.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2005. "Impacts of air-sea interaction on tropical cyclone track and intensity." Mon. Wea. Rev., 133: 3299-3314.

    Wu, L., and S. A. Braun. 2004. "Effects of Environmentally Induced Asymmetries on Hurricane Intensity: A Numerical Study." J. Atmos. Sci., 61 (24): 3065-3081 [10.1175/JAS-3343.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, S. E. Lang, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. O. Starr, C. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics radiation and surface processes in the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCM) model." Meteor Atmos Phys, 82: 97-137.

    Tao, W., C. Shie, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, R. Johnson, and P. Ciesielski. 2003. "Convective systems over the South China sea: Cloud-resolving model simulation." J Atmos Sci, 60 (24): 2929-295.

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, S. E. Lang, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. O. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost, 2: 1-52.

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, E. A. Lee, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z.-X. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost, 2: 18994.

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, E. A. Lee, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. Starr, C.-H. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics, radiation and surface processes in a non-hydrostatic model." Meteor Atmos Phy, 82: 97-137.

    Rao, P. A., C. Velden, and S. A. Braun. 2002. "The vertical error characteristics of GOES-derived winds: Description and impact on numerical weather prediction ." J. Appl. Meteor., 41: 253-271.

    Pu, Z., W. Tao, S. A. Braun, et al. J. Simpson, Y. Jia, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2002. "The impact of TRMM data on mesoscale numerical simulation of Super typhoon Paka." Mon Wea Rev, 130: 2448-2458.

    Braun, S. A. 2002. "A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm structure and eyewall buoyancy." Mon Wea Rev, 130 (6): 1573-1592 [10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<1573:ACRSOH>2.0.CO;2]

    Olson, W. S., S. Yang, C. A. Kummerow, et al. Z. Haddad, W.-K. Tao, E. A. Lee, D. E. Johnson, S. A. Braun, C. Chiu, and J.-J. Wang. 2002. "Estimation of precipitation and latent heating distributions by satellite passive/active microwave remote sensing." Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment, 50-57.

    Pu, Z., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of bogus vortex techniques with four-dimensional variational data assimilation." Mon Wea Rev, 129 (8): 2023 - 2039.

    Braun, S. A., and W. Tao. 2000. "Sensitivity of High-Resolution Simulations of Hurricane Bob (1991) to Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterizations." Mon Wea Rev, 128 (12): 3941-3961.

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr. Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 81: 2463-2474.

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 81: 2463-2474.

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts Part I: Inviscid Dynamics." J Atmos Sci, 56: 517-533.

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts Part II: Effects of Surface Friction." J Atmos Sci, 56: 3366-3384.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 478-504.

    Braun, S. A., J. R. Houze, and B. F. Smull. 1997. "Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast ." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 3131-3156.

    Braun, S. A., and J. R. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 478-504.

    Braun, S. A., R. A. Houze, and M.-J. Yng. 1996. "Comments on “The impact of the ice phase and radiation on a midlatitude squall line system." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1343-1351.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1996. "The heat budget of a midlatitude squall line and implications for potential vorticity production ." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1217-1240.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Melting and freezing within a midlatitude mesoscale convective system." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 121: 55-77.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Diagnosis of hydrometeor profiles from area-mean vertical velocity data." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 121: 23-53.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1994. "The transition zone and secondary maximum of radar reflectivity behind a midlatitude squall line: Results retrieved from Doppler radar data ." J. Atmos. Sci., 51: 2733-2755.

    Sun, J., S. A. Braun, M. I. Biggerstaff, R. G. Fovell, and R. A. Houze. 1993. "Warm upper-level downdrafts associated with a squall line." Mon. Wea. Rev., 121: 2919-2927.

    Braun, S. A., and J. P. Monteverdi. 1991. "An analysis of a mesocyclone-induced tornado occurrence in northern California ." Wea. Forecasting, 6: 13-31.

    Monteverdi, J. P., S. A. Braun, and T. C. Trimble. 1988. "Funnel clouds in the San Joaquin Valley, California." Mon. Wea. Rev., 116: 782-789.

    Non-Refereed

    Shirah, G. W., L. K. Perkins, H. G. Mitchell, et al. S. A. Snodgrass, B. A. Kekesi, J. W. Williams, M. Newcombe, W. T. Bridgman, C. L. Starr, H. G. Kostis, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "Towers in the Tempest." IEEE Visualization 2007 Scientific American Theater, Sacramento, CA.

    Refereed

    Sippel, J. A., S. A. Braun, F. Zhang, and Y. Weng. 2014. "Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of simulated HIWRAP Doppler velocity data in a hurricane." Monthly Weather Review 141 2683-2704

    Braun, S. A., J. A. Sippel, C.-L. Shie, and R. A. Boller. 2013. "The Evolution and Role of the Saharan Air Layer during Hurricane Helene (2006)." Mon. Weather Rev. 141 (12): 4269-4295 [10.1175/MWR-D-13-00045.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, T. Matsui, and C. Williams. 2013. "Evaluation of cloud microphysics schemes in simulations of a winter storm using radar and radiometer measurements." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (3): 1401-1419 [10.1002/jgrd.50115]

    Braun, S. A., R. Kakar, E. Zipser, et al. G. M. Heymsfield, C. Albers, S. Brown, S. Durden, S. Guimond, J. Halverson, A. Heymsfield, S. Ismail, B. Lambrigtsen, T. Miller, S. Tanelli, J. Thomas, and J. Zawislak. 2013. "NASA's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Field Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94 (3): 345-363 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00232.1]

    Braun, S., J. Sippel, and D. Nolan. 2012. "The Impact of Dry Midlevel Air on Hurricane Intensity in Idealized Simulations with No Mean Flow." J Atmos Sci 69 (1): 236-257 [10.1175/JAS-D-10-05007.1]

    Sippel, J., S. A. Braun, and C. Shie. 2011. "Environmental Influences on the Strength of Tropical Storm Debby (2006)." J Atmos Sci 68 (11): 2557–2581 [10.1175/2011JAS3648.1]

    Yang, M., S. A. Braun, and C. Deng-Shun. 2011. "Water Budget of Typhoon Nari (2001)." Mon. Wea. Rev. 139 (12): 3809-3828 [10.1175/MWR-D-10-05090.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, W. S. Olson, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2010. "Application of TRMM PR and TMI Measurements to Assess Cloud Microphysical Schemes in the MM5 for a Winter Storm." J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 49 (6): 1129-1148 [10.1175/2010JAMC2327.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, K. Mallen, and P. Reasor. 2010. "Simulation and Interpretation of the Genesis of Tropical Storm Gert (2005) as Part of the NASA Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 67 (4): 999-1025 [10.1175/2009JAS3140.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Comments on “Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System”." J Atmos Sci 67 (7): 2402-2410 [10.1175/2010JAS3458.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Shi, S. Chen, et al. E. A. Lee, S.-Y. Hong, C. Peters-Lidard, S. A. Braun, G. Thompson, and J. Simpson. 2010. "New, improved bulk-microphysical schemes for studying precipitation processes in WRF: Part I: Comparison with different microphysical schemes." Mon Wea Rev

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2009. "Alongfront Variability of Precipitation Associated with a Midlatitude Frontal Zone: TRMM Observations and MM5 Simulation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 137 (3): 1008-1028 [10.1175/2008MWR2465.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2008. "Implications of tropical cyclone power dissipation index." Int. J. Climatol. 28 (6): 727-731 [10.1002/joc.1573]

    Halverson, J., M. Black, S. A. Braun, et al. D. Cecil, M. Goodman, A. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, R. Hood, T. Krishnamurti, G. McFarquhar, M. J. Mahoney, J. Molinari, R. Rogers, J. Turk, C. Velden, D. Zhang, E. Zipser, and R. Kakar. 2007. "NASA's Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) Experiment: Investigating Tropical Cyclogenesis and Hurricane Intensity Change." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 88 867-882

    Cram, T., J. Persing, M. Montgomery, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "A Lagrangian Trajectory View on Transport and Mixing Processes between the Eye, Eyewall, and Environment Using a High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998)." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64 (6): 1835-1856 [10.1175/JAS3921.1]

    Braun, S. A., and L. Wu. 2007. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part II: Shear and the Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." Mon Wea Rev 135 (4): 1179-1194 [10.1175/MWR3336.1]

    Olson, W., C. Kummerow, S. Yang, et al. G. Petty, W. Tao, T. Bell, S. Braun, Y. Wang, S. Lang, D. Johnson, and C. Chiu. 2006. "Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties." J Appl Meteorol Climatol 45 (5): 702-720

    Braun, S. A. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part II: Water Budget." J. Atmos. Sci. 63 (1): 43-64 [10.1175/JAS3609.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, and Z. Pu. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part I: The Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." J. Atmos. Sci. 63 (1): 19-42 [10.1175/JAS3598.1]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. J. Qu, and X. Hao. 2006. "Simulating the formation of Hurricane Isabel (2003) with AIRS data." Geophysical Research Letters 33 (4): L04804 [10.1029/2005GL024665]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2006. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part I: Model Verification and Storm Evolution." J Atmos Sci 63 (1): 65-86 [10.1175/JAS3597.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2005. "Impacts of air-sea interaction on tropical cyclone track and intensity." Mon. Wea. Rev. 133 3299-3314

    Wu, L., and S. A. Braun. 2004. "Effects of Environmentally Induced Asymmetries on Hurricane Intensity: A Numerical Study." J. Atmos. Sci. 61 (24): 3065-3081 [10.1175/JAS-3343.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, S. E. Lang, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. O. Starr, C. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics radiation and surface processes in the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCM) model." Meteor Atmos Phys 82 97-137

    Tao, W., C. Shie, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, R. Johnson, and P. Ciesielski. 2003. "Convective systems over the South China sea: Cloud-resolving model simulation." J Atmos Sci 60 (24): 2929-295

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, S. E. Lang, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. O. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost 2 1-52

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, E. A. Lee, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z.-X. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost 2 18994

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, E. A. Lee, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. Starr, C.-H. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics, radiation and surface processes in a non-hydrostatic model." Meteor Atmos Phy 82 97-137

    Rao, P. A., C. Velden, and S. A. Braun. 2002. "The vertical error characteristics of GOES-derived winds: Description and impact on numerical weather prediction ." J. Appl. Meteor. 41 253-271

    Pu, Z., W. Tao, S. A. Braun, et al. J. Simpson, Y. Jia, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2002. "The impact of TRMM data on mesoscale numerical simulation of Super typhoon Paka." Mon Wea Rev 130 2448-2458

    Braun, S. A. 2002. "A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm structure and eyewall buoyancy." Mon Wea Rev 130 (6): 1573-1592 [10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<1573:ACRSOH>2.0.CO;2]

    Olson, W. S., S. Yang, C. A. Kummerow, et al. Z. Haddad, W.-K. Tao, E. A. Lee, D. E. Johnson, S. A. Braun, C. Chiu, and J.-J. Wang. 2002. "Estimation of precipitation and latent heating distributions by satellite passive/active microwave remote sensing." Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment 50-57

    Pu, Z., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of bogus vortex techniques with four-dimensional variational data assimilation." Mon Wea Rev 129 (8): 2023 - 2039

    Braun, S. A., and W. Tao. 2000. "Sensitivity of High-Resolution Simulations of Hurricane Bob (1991) to Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterizations." Mon Wea Rev 128 (12): 3941-3961

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr. Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 81 2463-2474

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 81 2463-2474

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts Part I: Inviscid Dynamics." J Atmos Sci 56 517-533

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts Part II: Effects of Surface Friction." J Atmos Sci 56 3366-3384

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 478-504

    Braun, S. A., J. R. Houze, and B. F. Smull. 1997. "Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast ." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 3131-3156

    Braun, S. A., and J. R. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 478-504

    Braun, S. A., R. A. Houze, and M.-J. Yng. 1996. "Comments on “The impact of the ice phase and radiation on a midlatitude squall line system." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1343-1351

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1996. "The heat budget of a midlatitude squall line and implications for potential vorticity production ." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1217-1240

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Melting and freezing within a midlatitude mesoscale convective system." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 121 55-77

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Diagnosis of hydrometeor profiles from area-mean vertical velocity data." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 121 23-53

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1994. "The transition zone and secondary maximum of radar reflectivity behind a midlatitude squall line: Results retrieved from Doppler radar data ." J. Atmos. Sci. 51 2733-2755

    Sun, J., S. A. Braun, M. I. Biggerstaff, R. G. Fovell, and R. A. Houze. 1993. "Warm upper-level downdrafts associated with a squall line." Mon. Wea. Rev. 121 2919-2927

    Braun, S. A., and J. P. Monteverdi. 1991. "An analysis of a mesocyclone-induced tornado occurrence in northern California ." Wea. Forecasting 6 13-31

    Monteverdi, J. P., S. A. Braun, and T. C. Trimble. 1988. "Funnel clouds in the San Joaquin Valley, California." Mon. Wea. Rev. 116 782-789

    Non-Refereed

    Shirah, G. W., L. K. Perkins, H. G. Mitchell, et al. S. A. Snodgrass, B. A. Kekesi, J. W. Williams, M. Newcombe, W. T. Bridgman, C. L. Starr, H. G. Kostis, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "Towers in the Tempest." IEEE Visualization 2007 Scientific American Theater

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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