Dr. James R Irons

Photo of JAMES IRONS

Dr. James R Irons

  • Deputy Director for Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences , Earth Sciences Division
  • 301.614.6657 | 301.614.5666
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.9
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    James R. (Jim) Irons is the Deputy Director for Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The Deputy Director is responsible for planning, leading, directing, implementing and assessing programs and activities dedicated to exploring and understanding the Earth's hydrosphere and biosphere, and the linkages between the oceans, land, atmosphere, and life on Earth. The Deputy Director is responsible for overall management of the laboratories pursuing studies in the Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences including organizational management, personnel, facilities and resources. Jim is also the NASA Landsat 8 Project Scientist and in that capacity works with NASA's partner in the Landsat program, the U.S. Geological Survey, to ensure that mission operations meet science requirements following the February 11, 2013 launch of Landsat 8 (known as the Landsat Data Continuity Mission before launch). Prior to 2007, Jim worked 28 years as a physical scientist in the Biospheric Sciences Branch, NASA GSFC where he served as the Landsat 7 Deputy Project Scientist beginning in 1992. He then served as the Associate Deputy Director for Atmospheres from 2007 to 2013. Jim received his B.Sc. degree in environmental resources management in 1976 and the M.Sc. degree in agronomy in 1979 from the Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. degree in agronomy in 1993 from the University of Maryland College Park.

    Positions/Employment

    10 / 2013 - Present

    Deputy Director for Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences, Earth Science Division

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD The Deputy Director for Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences is responsible for planning, leading, directing, implementing and assessing programs and activities dedicated to exploring and understanding the Earth's hydrosphere and biosphere, and the linkages between the oceans, land, atmosphere, and life on Earth. The Deputy Director is responsible for overall management of the laboratories pursuing studies in the Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences including organizational management, personnel, facilities and resources.
    4 / 1999 - Present

    Landsat 8 Project Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD The Landsat 8 Project Scientist ensures the scientific integrity of the Landsat 8 mission (known as the Landsat Data Continuity Mission before launch) in collaboration with NASA's interagency partner in the Landsat program, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in the Department of the Interior.  Prior to launch and in-orbit commissioning, the Project Scientist worked closely with the NASA GSFC Landsat Data Continuity (LDCM) Project Office through all phases of mission formulation and development.  Tasks included specifying mission requirements, source evaluation of instrument proposals, participating in Project reviews, and leading public engagement and communications.  Since launch and commissioning the Project Scientist works closely with the USGS to ensure that mission operations meet scientific requirements, serves on an instrument Performance Evaluation Board, and co-chairs the Landsat Science Team convened by the USGS.
    6 / 2007 - 9 / 2013

    Associate Deputy Director for Atmospheres, Earth Sciences Division

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD The Associate Deputy Director for Atmospheres provided administrative and technical supervision to the atmospheric science laboratorie at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in support of the Deputy Director for Atmospheres.  These laboratories advance the knowledge and understanding of the Earth atmosphere including climate variability, Earth radiation, chemical composition and properties, weather and precipitation.  The Associate Deputy Director assisted the Deputy Director in the management of all aspects of operations including research and mission planning, IT security, personnel actions, budget, and workforce planning.
    6 / 1992 - 4 / 1999

    Landsat 7 Deputy Project Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD The Landsat 7 Deputy Project Scientist supported the Project Scientist in ensuring the scientific integrity of the Landsat 7 mission.
    12 / 1978 - 6 / 2007

    Physical Scientist, Earth Sciences Remote Sensing, Biospheric Sciences Branch

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD A physical scientist conceives, plans, initiates, leads, and conducts research to increase fundemental knowledge of the biospheric processes on the surface of the Earth.  A physical scientist proposes research projects in response to competive research solicitations, manages the funding and execution of selected proposals, and publishes results in refereed scientific journals.

    Education

    Ph.D. in agronomy, 1993, University of Maryland College Park
    M.S. in agronomy, 1979, Penn State University
    B.S. in environmental resources management, 1976, Penn State University

    Professional Societies

    American Geophysical Union, 2010 - Present
    Soil Science Society of America, 1978 - Present
    American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2012 - Present

    Awards

    NASA Agency Honor Awards - Individual:
    Distinguished Service Medal; 2014
    Exceptional Service Medal; 2009

    NASA Agench Honor Awards - Group Achievement Awards:
    Landsat Data Continuity Mission Team: 2014
    MSL Project Management Team; 2013
    Acquisition Improvement Award (LDCM); 2004, 2007
    Landsat 7 Government Industry Team; 2000
    Landsat 7 Transition Team; 1995
    TM Data Analysis Team; 1985

    Robert H. Goddard (GSFC) Honor Awards - Group Achievement Awards
    Landsat 40th Anniversary Team; 2013
    Outstanding TeamworkAward / LDCM Procurement Team; 2003
    Landsat 7 Project Science Office; 1999
    Landsat 7 DAAC Emergency System Development Team; 1999
    Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS); 1995
    Advanced Solid State Array Spectroradiometer (ASAS); 1994
    Landsat 7; 1994

    Editors’ Citation for Excellence in Manuscript Review, Soil Science Society of America (SSSA); 1992

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Roy, D., M. A. Wulder, T. R. Loveland, et al. C. E. Woodcock, R. G. Allen, M. C. Anderson, D. Helder, J. Irons, D. M. Johnson, R. Kennedy, T. A. Scambos, C. B. Schaaf, J. R. Schott, Y. Sheng, E. Vermote, A. S. Belward, R. Bindschadler, W. B. Cohen, F. Gao, J. D. Hipple, P. Hostert, J. Huntington, C. O. Justice, A. Kilic, V. Kovalskyy, Z. P. Lee, L. Lymburner, J. Masek, J. McCorkel, Y. Shuai, R. Trezza, J. Vogelmann, R. H. Wynne, and Z. Zhu. 2014. "Landsat-8: Science and product vision for terrestrial global change research." Remote Sensing of Environment, 145: 154-172 [10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.001]

    Irons, J. R., J. L. Dwyer, and J. A. Barsi. 2012. "The Next Landsat Satellite: The Landsat Data Continuity Mission." Remote Sensing of Environment,

    Wulder, M., J. White, S. Goward, et al. J. Masek, J. Irons, M. Herold, W. Cohen, T. Loveland, and C. Woodcock. 2008. "Landsat continuity: Issues and opportunities for land cover monitoring." Remote Sens Environ, 112 (3): 955-969 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.07.004]

    Goward, S., T. Arvidson, F. Faundeen, J. Irons, and S. Franks. 2006. "Historical record of Landsat global coverage: mission operations, NSLRSDA, and international cooperator stations." Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 72 (10): 1155-1169 [10.14358/PERS.72.10.1155]

    Irons, J. R., and J. Masek. 2006. "Requirements for a Landsat Data Continuity Mission." Photgrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 72 (10): 1102-1108.

    Goward, S., T. Arvidson, D. L. Williams, et al. J. Faundeen, J. Irons, and S. Franks. 2006. "Historical Record of Landsat Global Coverage: Mission Operations, NSLRSDA, and International Cooperator Stations." Photogramm Eng Remote Sens, 72 (10): 1155-1169.

    Markham, B. L., J. C. Storey, M. M. Crawford, D. Goodenough, and J. Irons. 2004. "Foreword to the Special Issue on Landsat Sensor Performance Characterization." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 42 (12): 2687-2689 [10.1109/TGRS.2004.841174]

    Entcheva-Campbell, P. K., B. N. Rock, M. E. Martin, et al. C. D. Neefus, J. Irons, E. M. Middleton, and J. Albrechtova. 2004. "Detection of initial damage in Norway spruce canopies using hyperspectral airborne data." Int. J. Remote Sensing, 25 (24): 5557-5583 [10.1080/01431160410001726058]

    Markham, B. L., J. C. Storey, D. L. Williams, and J. Irons. 2004. "Landsat sensor performance: history and current status." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 42 (12): 2691-2694 [10.1109/TGRS.2004.840720]

    Lyapustin, A., D. Williams, B. Markham, et al. J. R. Irons, Y. Kaufman, B. Holben, and Y. Wang. 2004. "A Method for Unbiased High-Resolution Aerosol Retrieval from Landsat." J. Atmos. Sci., 61 (11): 1233-1244 [10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<1233:AMFUHA>2.0.CO;2]

    Brown de Colstoun, E. C., M. H. Story, C. Thompson, et al. K. Commisso, T. G. Smith, and J. Irons. 2003. "National Park vegetation mapping using multitemporal Landsat 7 data and a decision tree classifier." Remote Sens. Environ., 85: 3 [316-327]

    Goward, S. N., J. G. Masek, D. L. Williams, and J. Irons. 2001. "The Landsat 7 Mission: Terrestrial research and applications for the 21st century." Remote Sens. Environ., 78: 1-2 [3-1210.1016/S0034-4257(01)00262-0]

    Russell, C. A., J. R. Irons, and P. Dabney. 1997. "Bidirectional reflectance of selected BOREAS sites from multiangle airborne data." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D24): 29505-29516 [10.1029/96JD03880]

    Abuelgasim, A. A., S. Gopal, J. Irons, and A. H. Strahler. 1996. "Classification of ASAS multiangle and multispectral measurements using artificial neural networks." Remote Sensing of Environment, 57 (2): 79-87 [10.1016/0034-4257(95)00197-2]

    Li, Z. J., A. K. Fung, S. Tjuatja, et al. D. P. Gibbs, C. L. Betty, and J. R. Irons. 1996. "A modeling study of backscattering from soil surfaces." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 34 (1): 264 - 271 [10.1109/36.481911]

    Daughtry III, C. S., J. E. McMurtrey, E. W. Chappelle, et al. W. P. Dulaney, J. Irons, and M. B. Satterwhite. 1995. "Potential for discriminating crop residues from soil by reflectance and fluorescence." Agron. J., 87: 165-171.

    Brown de Colstoun, E. C., C. L. Walthall, C. A. Russell, and J. Irons. 1995. "Estimating the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (ƒAPAR) at FIFE with airborne bidirectional spectral reflectance data." J. Geophys. Res, 100: D12 [Full Text (Link)] [25]

    Russell, C. A., C. L. Walthall, J. R. Irons, and E. C. Brown de colstoun. 1995. "Comparison of airborne and surface spectral bidirectional reflectance factors, spectral hemispherical reflectance and spectral vegetation indices." J. Geophys. Res., 100 (D12): 25509–25522 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/95JD01643]

    Ranson, K. J., J. Irons, and D. L. Williams. 1994. "Multispectral bidirectional reflectance of northern forest canopies with ASAS." Remote Sens. Environ., 47: 2 [276-28910.1016/0034-4257(94)90161-9]

    Kimes, D. S., J. Irons, and E. R. Levine. 1993. "Learning class descriptions from a data base of spectral reflectance of soil samples." Remote Sens. Environ., 43: 2 [161-16910.1016/0034-4257(93)90005-I]

    Hall, D. K., J. L. Foster, J. Irons, and P. W. Dabney. 1993. "Airborne bidirectional radiances of snow-covered surfaces in Montana, USA." Annals of Glaciology, 17: 35.

    Gibbs, D. P., C. L. Betty, A. K. Fung, et al. A. J. Blanchard, J. Irons, and W. L. Balsam. 1993. "Automated measurement of polarized bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sensing of Environment, 43 (1): 97-114 [10.1016/0034-4257(93)90067-8]

    Irons, J., G. S. Campbell, J. M. Norman, D. W. Graham, and W. M. Kovalick. 1992. "Prediction and measurement of soil bidirectional reflectance." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 30: 2 [249-26010.1109/36.134075]

    Deering, D. W., E. M. Middleton, J. Irons, et al. B. L. Blad, E. A. Walter-Shea, C. J. Hays, C. Walthall, T. F. Eck, and B. P. Banerjee. 1992. "Prairie grassland bidirectional reflectances measured by different instruments at the FIFE Site." J. Geophys. Res, 97: D17 [Full Text (Link)] [18]

    Ranson, K. J., J. Irons, and C. S. Daughtry. 1991. "Surface albedo from bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sens. Environ., 35: 2-3 [201-21110.1016/0034-4257(91)90012-U]

    Guinness, E. A., R. A. Arvidson, J. Irons, and D. J. Harding. 1991. "Surface scattering properties estimated from modeling ASAS multiple emission angle reflectance data over the Lunar Crater Volcanic Field, Nevada." Geophys. Res. Letters, 18 (11): 2051-2054 [10.1029/91GL02664]

    Irons, J., K. J. Ranson, D. L. Williams, R. R. Irish, and F. G. Huegel. 1991. "An off-nadir pointing imaging spectroradiometer for terrestrial ecosystem studies." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 29 (1): 66-74 [10.1109/36.103294]

    Kestner, J. M., H. W. Leidecker, J. Irons, et al. J. A. Smith, T. W. Brakke, and N. A. Horning. 1988. "Goniometric observations of light scattered from soils and leaves." J. of Wave-Material Interaction, 3 (2): 189-198.

    Irons, J., K. J. Ranson, and C. S. Daughtry. 1988. "Estimating big bluestem albedo from directional reflectance measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment, 25 (2): 185-199 [10.1016/0034-4257(88)90100-9]

    Irons, J., B. L. Johnson Jr, and G. H. Linebaugh. 1987. "Multiple angle observations of reflectance anisotropy from an airborne linear array sensor." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., GE-25: 3 [372-38310.1109/TGRS.1987.289808]

    Irons, J., and R. L. Kennard. 1986. "The utility of Thematic Mapper sensor characteristics for surface mine monitoring." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing, 52 (3): 389-396.

    Irons, J., B. L. Markham, R. F. Nelson, et al. D. L. Toll, D. L. Williams, R. S. Latty, and M. L. Stauffer. 1985. "The effects of spatial resolution on the classification of Thematic Mapper data." International J. of Remote Sensing, 6 (8): 1385-1403.

    Latty, R. S., R. Nelson, B. Markham, et al. D. Williams, D. Toll, and J. Irons. 1985. "Performance comparisons between information extraction techniques using variable spatial resolution data." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing, 51 (9): 1459-1470.

    Williams, D. L., J. R. Irons, B. L. Markham, et al. R. F. Nelson, D. L. Toll, R. S. Latty, and M. L. Stauffer. 1984. "A statistical evaluation of the advantages of Landsat Thematic Mapper data in comparison to Multispectral Scanner data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., GE-22 (3): 294 - 302 [10.1109/TGRS.1984.350624]

    Imhoff, M. L., G. W. Petersen, and J. Irons. 1982. "Digital overlay of cartographic information on Landsat MSS data for soil surveys." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing, 48 (8): 1337-1342.

    Irons, J., and M. L. Labovitz. 1982. "A data analytic approach to look angle radiance adjustment." J. of App. Photo. Eng., 8 (3): 128-137.

    Irons, J., and G. W. Petersen. 1981. "Texture transforms of remote sensing data." Remote Sensing of Environment, 11: 359-370 [10.1016/0034-4257(81)90033-X]

    Wharton, S. W., J. Irons, and F. Huegel. 1981. "LAPR: An experimental aircraft pushbroom scanner." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing, 47 (5): 631-639.

    Brief Bio

    James R. (Jim) Irons is the Deputy Director for Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The Deputy Director is responsible for planning, leading, directing, implementing and assessing programs and activities dedicated to exploring and understanding the Earth's hydrosphere and biosphere, and the linkages between the oceans, land, atmosphere, and life on Earth. The Deputy Director is responsible for overall management of the laboratories pursuing studies in the Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences including organizational management, personnel, facilities and resources. Jim is also the NASA Landsat 8 Project Scientist and in that capacity works with NASA's partner in the Landsat program, the U.S. Geological Survey, to ensure that mission operations meet science requirements following the February 11, 2013 launch of Landsat 8 (known as the Landsat Data Continuity Mission before launch). Prior to 2007, Jim worked 28 years as a physical scientist in the Biospheric Sciences Branch, NASA GSFC where he served as the Landsat 7 Deputy Project Scientist beginning in 1992. He then served as the Associate Deputy Director for Atmospheres from 2007 to 2013. Jim received his B.Sc. degree in environmental resources management in 1976 and the M.Sc. degree in agronomy in 1979 from the Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. degree in agronomy in 1993 from the University of Maryland College Park.

    Refereed

    Roy, D., M. A. Wulder, T. R. Loveland, et al. C. E. Woodcock, R. G. Allen, M. C. Anderson, D. Helder, J. Irons, D. M. Johnson, R. Kennedy, T. A. Scambos, C. B. Schaaf, J. R. Schott, Y. Sheng, E. Vermote, A. S. Belward, R. Bindschadler, W. B. Cohen, F. Gao, J. D. Hipple, P. Hostert, J. Huntington, C. O. Justice, A. Kilic, V. Kovalskyy, Z. P. Lee, L. Lymburner, J. Masek, J. McCorkel, Y. Shuai, R. Trezza, J. Vogelmann, R. H. Wynne, and Z. Zhu. 2014. "Landsat-8: Science and product vision for terrestrial global change research." Remote Sensing of Environment 145 154-172 [10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.001]

    Irons, J. R., J. L. Dwyer, and J. A. Barsi. 2012. "The Next Landsat Satellite: The Landsat Data Continuity Mission." Remote Sensing of Environment

    Wulder, M., J. White, S. Goward, et al. J. Masek, J. Irons, M. Herold, W. Cohen, T. Loveland, and C. Woodcock. 2008. "Landsat continuity: Issues and opportunities for land cover monitoring." Remote Sens Environ 112 (3): 955-969 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.07.004]

    Goward, S., T. Arvidson, F. Faundeen, J. Irons, and S. Franks. 2006. "Historical record of Landsat global coverage: mission operations, NSLRSDA, and international cooperator stations." Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 72 (10): 1155-1169 [10.14358/PERS.72.10.1155]

    Irons, J. R., and J. Masek. 2006. "Requirements for a Landsat Data Continuity Mission." Photgrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 72 (10): 1102-1108

    Goward, S., T. Arvidson, D. L. Williams, et al. J. Faundeen, J. Irons, and S. Franks. 2006. "Historical Record of Landsat Global Coverage: Mission Operations, NSLRSDA, and International Cooperator Stations." Photogramm Eng Remote Sens 72 (10): 1155-1169

    Markham, B. L., J. C. Storey, M. M. Crawford, D. Goodenough, and J. Irons. 2004. "Foreword to the Special Issue on Landsat Sensor Performance Characterization." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42 (12): 2687-2689 [10.1109/TGRS.2004.841174]

    Entcheva-Campbell, P. K., B. N. Rock, M. E. Martin, et al. C. D. Neefus, J. Irons, E. M. Middleton, and J. Albrechtova. 2004. "Detection of initial damage in Norway spruce canopies using hyperspectral airborne data." Int. J. Remote Sensing 25 (24): 5557-5583 [10.1080/01431160410001726058]

    Markham, B. L., J. C. Storey, D. L. Williams, and J. Irons. 2004. "Landsat sensor performance: history and current status." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42 (12): 2691-2694 [10.1109/TGRS.2004.840720]

    Lyapustin, A., D. Williams, B. Markham, et al. J. R. Irons, Y. Kaufman, B. Holben, and Y. Wang. 2004. "A Method for Unbiased High-Resolution Aerosol Retrieval from Landsat." J. Atmos. Sci. 61 (11): 1233-1244 [10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<1233:AMFUHA>2.0.CO;2]

    Brown de Colstoun, E. C., M. H. Story, C. Thompson, et al. K. Commisso, T. G. Smith, and J. Irons. 2003. "National Park vegetation mapping using multitemporal Landsat 7 data and a decision tree classifier." Remote Sens. Environ. 85 3 [316-327]

    Goward, S. N., J. G. Masek, D. L. Williams, and J. Irons. 2001. "The Landsat 7 Mission: Terrestrial research and applications for the 21st century." Remote Sens. Environ. 78 1-2 [3-1210.1016/S0034-4257(01)00262-0]

    Russell, C. A., J. R. Irons, and P. Dabney. 1997. "Bidirectional reflectance of selected BOREAS sites from multiangle airborne data." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D24): 29505-29516 [10.1029/96JD03880]

    Abuelgasim, A. A., S. Gopal, J. Irons, and A. H. Strahler. 1996. "Classification of ASAS multiangle and multispectral measurements using artificial neural networks." Remote Sensing of Environment 57 (2): 79-87 [10.1016/0034-4257(95)00197-2]

    Li, Z. J., A. K. Fung, S. Tjuatja, et al. D. P. Gibbs, C. L. Betty, and J. R. Irons. 1996. "A modeling study of backscattering from soil surfaces." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 34 (1): 264 - 271 [10.1109/36.481911]

    Daughtry III, C. S., J. E. McMurtrey, E. W. Chappelle, et al. W. P. Dulaney, J. Irons, and M. B. Satterwhite. 1995. "Potential for discriminating crop residues from soil by reflectance and fluorescence." Agron. J. 87 165-171

    Brown de Colstoun, E. C., C. L. Walthall, C. A. Russell, and J. Irons. 1995. "Estimating the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (ƒAPAR) at FIFE with airborne bidirectional spectral reflectance data." J. Geophys. Res 100 D12 [Full Text (Link)] [25]

    Russell, C. A., C. L. Walthall, J. R. Irons, and E. C. Brown de colstoun. 1995. "Comparison of airborne and surface spectral bidirectional reflectance factors, spectral hemispherical reflectance and spectral vegetation indices." J. Geophys. Res. 100 (D12): 25509–25522 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/95JD01643]

    Ranson, K. J., J. Irons, and D. L. Williams. 1994. "Multispectral bidirectional reflectance of northern forest canopies with ASAS." Remote Sens. Environ. 47 2 [276-28910.1016/0034-4257(94)90161-9]

    Kimes, D. S., J. Irons, and E. R. Levine. 1993. "Learning class descriptions from a data base of spectral reflectance of soil samples." Remote Sens. Environ. 43 2 [161-16910.1016/0034-4257(93)90005-I]

    Hall, D. K., J. L. Foster, J. Irons, and P. W. Dabney. 1993. "Airborne bidirectional radiances of snow-covered surfaces in Montana, USA." Annals of Glaciology 17 35

    Gibbs, D. P., C. L. Betty, A. K. Fung, et al. A. J. Blanchard, J. Irons, and W. L. Balsam. 1993. "Automated measurement of polarized bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sensing of Environment 43 (1): 97-114 [10.1016/0034-4257(93)90067-8]

    Irons, J., G. S. Campbell, J. M. Norman, D. W. Graham, and W. M. Kovalick. 1992. "Prediction and measurement of soil bidirectional reflectance." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30 2 [249-26010.1109/36.134075]

    Deering, D. W., E. M. Middleton, J. Irons, et al. B. L. Blad, E. A. Walter-Shea, C. J. Hays, C. Walthall, T. F. Eck, and B. P. Banerjee. 1992. "Prairie grassland bidirectional reflectances measured by different instruments at the FIFE Site." J. Geophys. Res 97 D17 [Full Text (Link)] [18]

    Ranson, K. J., J. Irons, and C. S. Daughtry. 1991. "Surface albedo from bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sens. Environ. 35 2-3 [201-21110.1016/0034-4257(91)90012-U]

    Guinness, E. A., R. A. Arvidson, J. Irons, and D. J. Harding. 1991. "Surface scattering properties estimated from modeling ASAS multiple emission angle reflectance data over the Lunar Crater Volcanic Field, Nevada." Geophys. Res. Letters 18 (11): 2051-2054 [10.1029/91GL02664]

    Irons, J., K. J. Ranson, D. L. Williams, R. R. Irish, and F. G. Huegel. 1991. "An off-nadir pointing imaging spectroradiometer for terrestrial ecosystem studies." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 29 (1): 66-74 [10.1109/36.103294]

    Kestner, J. M., H. W. Leidecker, J. Irons, et al. J. A. Smith, T. W. Brakke, and N. A. Horning. 1988. "Goniometric observations of light scattered from soils and leaves." J. of Wave-Material Interaction 3 (2): 189-198

    Irons, J., K. J. Ranson, and C. S. Daughtry. 1988. "Estimating big bluestem albedo from directional reflectance measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment 25 (2): 185-199 [10.1016/0034-4257(88)90100-9]

    Irons, J., B. L. Johnson Jr, and G. H. Linebaugh. 1987. "Multiple angle observations of reflectance anisotropy from an airborne linear array sensor." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-25 3 [372-38310.1109/TGRS.1987.289808]

    Irons, J., and R. L. Kennard. 1986. "The utility of Thematic Mapper sensor characteristics for surface mine monitoring." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing 52 (3): 389-396

    Irons, J., B. L. Markham, R. F. Nelson, et al. D. L. Toll, D. L. Williams, R. S. Latty, and M. L. Stauffer. 1985. "The effects of spatial resolution on the classification of Thematic Mapper data." International J. of Remote Sensing 6 (8): 1385-1403

    Latty, R. S., R. Nelson, B. Markham, et al. D. Williams, D. Toll, and J. Irons. 1985. "Performance comparisons between information extraction techniques using variable spatial resolution data." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing 51 (9): 1459-1470

    Williams, D. L., J. R. Irons, B. L. Markham, et al. R. F. Nelson, D. L. Toll, R. S. Latty, and M. L. Stauffer. 1984. "A statistical evaluation of the advantages of Landsat Thematic Mapper data in comparison to Multispectral Scanner data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-22 (3): 294 - 302 [10.1109/TGRS.1984.350624]

    Imhoff, M. L., G. W. Petersen, and J. Irons. 1982. "Digital overlay of cartographic information on Landsat MSS data for soil surveys." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing 48 (8): 1337-1342

    Irons, J., and M. L. Labovitz. 1982. "A data analytic approach to look angle radiance adjustment." J. of App. Photo. Eng. 8 (3): 128-137

    Irons, J., and G. W. Petersen. 1981. "Texture transforms of remote sensing data." Remote Sensing of Environment 11 359-370 [10.1016/0034-4257(81)90033-X]

    Wharton, S. W., J. Irons, and F. Huegel. 1981. "LAPR: An experimental aircraft pushbroom scanner." Photo. Eng. and Remote Sensing 47 (5): 631-639

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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