Dr. Michael D King

Photo of MICHAEL KING

Dr. Michael D King

  • EMERITUS
  • 303.704.5414 | 301.614.5620
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Michael D. King is a Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.  He previously served as Senior Project Scientist of NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) from 1992 to 2008.  He began his career at Goddard Space Flight Center in January 1978 as a physical scientist, and served as Project Scientist of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) from 1983-1992.  The Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) was the first science satellite launched from the Space Shuttle (STS 41-G) and was deployed by Sally Ride from Challenger in October 1984.  After retiring from NASA in April 2008, he joined the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, where he currently holds a faculty appointment as a Senior Research Scientist.

    Dr. King is Team Leader of the MODIS science team on the Terra and Aqua satellites.  As a team member, he also led the development of 5 science algorithms being run routinely to process MODIS data, including the algorithm for determining cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius of both liquid water and ice clouds, and gridded global atmosphere properties at 1° x 1° latitude/longitude resolution.

    Dr. King’s research experience includes conceiving, developing, and operating multispectral scanning radiometers from a number of aircraft platforms in field experiments ranging from arctic stratus clouds to smoke from the Kuwait oil fires and biomass burning in Brazil and southern Africa.  He has also developed inversion algorithms for deriving aerosol size distribution and refractive index from ground-based sunphotometers used worldwide.

    Dr. King has received many awards including the William Nordberg Memorial Award for Earth Science, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement, Medal, NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, and the NASA Exception Service Medal; the Verner E. Suomi Award of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) for fundamental contributions to remote sensing and radiative transfer; and recipient of the Space Systems Award of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) for NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Team.  He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).  He has also been an author or co-author of over 90 papers published in refereed scientific journals, in addition to editing 1 Book (Our Changing Planet: The View from Space), 4 Scientific Documents (EOS Science Plan; EOS Science Plan Executive Summary; EOS Reference Handbook; EOS Data Products Handbook, Volume 1) and many book chapters and technical reports.

     


    Current Projects

    MODIS

     Science Team Leader

    Research Interests

    Remote sensing of cloud optical properties, spectral surface bidirectional reflectance, aerosol optical properties


    Positions/Employment

    4 / 2008 - Present

    Senior Research Scientist

    Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Bouler, CO
    8 / 1992 - 4 / 2008

    Senior Project Scientist, Earth Observing System (EOS)

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD
    1 / 1983 - 8 / 1992

    Project Scientist, Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD
    1 / 1978 - 1 / 1983

    Physical Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

    Education

    1971 B.A. (Physics), Colorado College
    1973 M.S. (Atmospheric Sciences), University of Arizona (4.0 GPA)
    1977 Ph.D. (Atmospheric Sciences), University of Arizona (4.0 GPA)

    Professional Societies

    National Academy of Engineering, 2003 - Present
    Member
    American Meteorological Society, 1977 - Present
    Fellow
    American Geophysical Union, 1978 - Present
    Fellow
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2001 - Present
    Fellow
    American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2008 - Present
    Member

    Awards

    Magna cum laude, Colorado College, 1971
    NASA Exceptional Service Medal, 1985
    Fellow, American Meteorological Society, 1990
    NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1992
    Transactions Prize Paper Award, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society, 1993
    Senior Atmospheric Scientist (3104 positon), 1993
    Honorary Doctor of Science, Colorado College, 1995
    Elected Goddard Senior Fellow, 1997 (GSFC)
    Verner E. Suomi Award, American Meteorological Society, 2000
    NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, 2001
    William Nordberg Memorial Award (NASA-GSFC), 2001
    Member, National Academy of Engineering, 2003
    Fellow, American Geophysical Union, 2006
    People's Voice Award for Education, Webby Awards (for Earth Observatory web site), 2006
    Space Systems Award, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006
    Presidential Rank Award of Meritorious Senior Professional, 2006
    Award of Excellence, Society for Technical Communication, 2010
    Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    King, M. D., S. E. Platnick, W. P. Menzel, S. A. Ackerman, and P. A. Hubanks. 2013. "Spatial and temporal distribution of clouds observed by MODIS onboard the Terra and Aqua satellites." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 51 3826-3852

    Román, M., C. K. Gatebe, C. Schaaf, et al. R. Poudyal, Z. Wang, and M. D. King. 2011. "Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30 m–500 m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment 115 2184-2203 [ 10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.012]

    Moody, E., M. King, C. Schaaf, and S. Platnick. 2008. "MODIS-derived spatially complete surface albedo products: Spatial and temporal pixel distribution and zonal averages." J Appl Meteor Climatol 47 2879-2894 [ 10.1175/2008JAMC1795.1]

    Moody, E., M. King, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and S. Platnick. 2007. "Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land products." Remote Sens Environ 111 337-345

    Hsu, N.-Y. C., S.-C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman. 2006. "Deep blue retrievals of Asian aerosol properties during ACE-Asia." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 44 3180-3195 [10.1029/2005JD006549]

    Moody, E., M. King, S. Platnick, C. Schaaf, and F. Gao. 2005. "Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-Added datasets derived from Terra MODIS land products." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 43 144-158

    Gatebe, C., M. King, A. Lyapustin, G. Arnold, and J. Redemann. 2005. "Airborne spectral measurements of ocean directional reflectance." J Atmos Sci 62 1072-1092

    Hsu, N.-Y. C., S.-C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman. 2004. "Aerosol properties over bright-reflecting source regions." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 42 557-569

    King, M., S. Platnick, P. Yang, et al. G. Arnold, M. Gray, J. Riedi, S. Ackerman, and K. Liou. 2004. "Remote sensing of liquid water and ice cloud optical thickness and effective radius in the Arctic: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data." J Atmos Oceanic Technol 21 857-875

    Platnick, S., M. King, S. Ackerman, et al. W. Menzel, B. Baum, J. Riedi, and R. Frey. 2003. "The MODIS cloud products: Algorithms and examples from Terra." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 (2): 459-473

    King, M., W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, et al. D. Tanre, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks. 2003. "Cloud and aerosol properties precipitable water and profiles of temperature and humidity from MODIS." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 442-458

    Dubovik, O., B. Holben, T. Eck, et al. A. Smirnov, Y. Kaufman, M. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker. 2002. "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations." J Atmos Sci 59 590-608

    Platnick, S., J. Li, M. King, H. Gerber, and P. Hobbs. 2001. "A solar reflectance method for retrieving the optical thickness and droplet size of liquid water clouds over snow and ice surfaces." J Geophys Res 106 15185-15199

    Dubovik, O., A. Smirnov, B. Holben, et al. M. King, Y. Kaufman, T. Eck, and I. Slutsker. 2000. "Accuracy assessment of aerosol optical properties retrieval from AERONET sun and sky radiance measurements." J Geophys Res 105 9791-9806

    Dubovik, O., and M. King. 2000. "A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements." J Geophys Res 105 20673-20696

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Michael D. King is a Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.  He previously served as Senior Project Scientist of NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) from 1992 to 2008.  He began his career at Goddard Space Flight Center in January 1978 as a physical scientist, and served as Project Scientist of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) from 1983-1992.  The Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) was the first science satellite launched from the Space Shuttle (STS 41-G) and was deployed by Sally Ride from Challenger in October 1984.  After retiring from NASA in April 2008, he joined the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, where he currently holds a faculty appointment as a Senior Research Scientist.

    Dr. King is Team Leader of the MODIS science team on the Terra and Aqua satellites.  As a team member, he also led the development of 5 science algorithms being run routinely to process MODIS data, including the algorithm for determining cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius of both liquid water and ice clouds, and gridded global atmosphere properties at 1° x 1° latitude/longitude resolution.

    Dr. King’s research experience includes conceiving, developing, and operating multispectral scanning radiometers from a number of aircraft platforms in field experiments ranging from arctic stratus clouds to smoke from the Kuwait oil fires and biomass burning in Brazil and southern Africa.  He has also developed inversion algorithms for deriving aerosol size distribution and refractive index from ground-based sunphotometers used worldwide.

    Dr. King has received many awards including the William Nordberg Memorial Award for Earth Science, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement, Medal, NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal, and the NASA Exception Service Medal; the Verner E. Suomi Award of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) for fundamental contributions to remote sensing and radiative transfer; and recipient of the Space Systems Award of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) for NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Team.  He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).  He has also been an author or co-author of over 90 papers published in refereed scientific journals, in addition to editing 1 Book (Our Changing Planet: The View from Space), 4 Scientific Documents (EOS Science Plan; EOS Science Plan Executive Summary; EOS Reference Handbook; EOS Data Products Handbook, Volume 1) and many book chapters and technical reports.

     


    Refereed

    King, M. D., S. E. Platnick, W. P. Menzel, S. A. Ackerman, and P. A. Hubanks. 2013. "Spatial and temporal distribution of clouds observed by MODIS onboard the Terra and Aqua satellites." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 51 3826-3852

    Román, M., C. K. Gatebe, C. Schaaf, et al. R. Poudyal, Z. Wang, and M. D. King. 2011. "Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30 m–500 m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment 115 2184-2203 [ 10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.012]

    Moody, E., M. King, C. Schaaf, and S. Platnick. 2008. "MODIS-derived spatially complete surface albedo products: Spatial and temporal pixel distribution and zonal averages." J Appl Meteor Climatol 47 2879-2894 [ 10.1175/2008JAMC1795.1]

    Moody, E., M. King, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and S. Platnick. 2007. "Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land products." Remote Sens Environ 111 337-345

    Hsu, N.-Y. C., S.-C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman. 2006. "Deep blue retrievals of Asian aerosol properties during ACE-Asia." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 44 3180-3195 [10.1029/2005JD006549]

    Moody, E., M. King, S. Platnick, C. Schaaf, and F. Gao. 2005. "Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-Added datasets derived from Terra MODIS land products." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 43 144-158

    Gatebe, C., M. King, A. Lyapustin, G. Arnold, and J. Redemann. 2005. "Airborne spectral measurements of ocean directional reflectance." J Atmos Sci 62 1072-1092

    Hsu, N.-Y. C., S.-C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman. 2004. "Aerosol properties over bright-reflecting source regions." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 42 557-569

    King, M., S. Platnick, P. Yang, et al. G. Arnold, M. Gray, J. Riedi, S. Ackerman, and K. Liou. 2004. "Remote sensing of liquid water and ice cloud optical thickness and effective radius in the Arctic: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data." J Atmos Oceanic Technol 21 857-875

    Platnick, S., M. King, S. Ackerman, et al. W. Menzel, B. Baum, J. Riedi, and R. Frey. 2003. "The MODIS cloud products: Algorithms and examples from Terra." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 (2): 459-473

    King, M., W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, et al. D. Tanre, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks. 2003. "Cloud and aerosol properties precipitable water and profiles of temperature and humidity from MODIS." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 442-458

    Dubovik, O., B. Holben, T. Eck, et al. A. Smirnov, Y. Kaufman, M. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker. 2002. "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations." J Atmos Sci 59 590-608

    Platnick, S., J. Li, M. King, H. Gerber, and P. Hobbs. 2001. "A solar reflectance method for retrieving the optical thickness and droplet size of liquid water clouds over snow and ice surfaces." J Geophys Res 106 15185-15199

    Dubovik, O., A. Smirnov, B. Holben, et al. M. King, Y. Kaufman, T. Eck, and I. Slutsker. 2000. "Accuracy assessment of aerosol optical properties retrieval from AERONET sun and sky radiance measurements." J Geophys Res 105 9791-9806

    Dubovik, O., and M. King. 2000. "A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements." J Geophys Res 105 20673-20696

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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