Leonard F Burlaga

Photo of LEONARD BURLAGA

Leonard F Burlaga

  • EMERITUS
  • 301.286.5956
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 673
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Curriculum Vitae



    Research

    Interplanetary Plasmas and
    Magnetic Fields, Cosmic Rays,
    Solar Wind - Planet/Comet Interactions

    Projects

    Study Scientist for Interplanetary Physics Laboratory
    Deputy Project Scientist for WIND/ISTP until 1988

    PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:
    Space Plasma Physics, Data Analysis, 1984-88
    Heliospheric Structure and Dynamics, 1988-

    CO-INVESTIGATOR:
    Helios 1&2 Magnetic Field Experiment
    Explorer 34 Plasma Experiment
    Voyager 1&2 Magnetic Field Experiment
    Voyager 1&2 Plasma Experiment
    Giotto (Comet Halley)
    Magnetic Field Experiment
    WIND Magnetic Field Experiment
    WIND Plasma Experiment
    ACE Magnetic Field Experiment

    Positions and Appointments

    Goddard Senior Fellow Geospace Physics Laboratory Heliophysics Science Division
    NAS/NRC Postdoctoral Resident Research Associate, GSFC, 1966 - 1968

    Education

    Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1966
    M.S., University of Minnesota, 1962
    B.S., University of Chicago, 1960

    Professional Memberships

    International Astronomical Union; Commission 49: The Interplanetary Plasma and the Heliosphere, President, (1988-1991) Vice President, (1985-1988) Member, Organizing Committee (1984 - )
    American Geophysical Union; Solar-Planetary Relationships; Cosmic Ray Section,Secretary (1984-1988)
    International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy; Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Division, Chairman, (1979-1983)

    Professional Services

    Cosmic and Heliospheric Physics Management and Operations Working Group, 1990 - 1993.
    Space Physics Strategy Implementation Study, Cosmic and Heliospheric Physics Panel, 1990
    Interstellar Probe Working Group, 1990
    Committee on Solar and Space Physics, Space Science Board, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council, 1986-1990
    Heliospheric Program Working Group, 1988-1990
    Solar Probe Working Group, 1988-1990
    Heliospheric Science Working Group, 1987-1990
    Sample Return Mission, 1986
    Plasma Turbulence Explorer, 1979-80
    Solar Corona Explorer, 1980
    Solar Cycle and Dynamics Mission Working Group,1979
    Origin of Plasmas in the Earth's Neighborhood Working Group, 1978, 1979
    Solar and Heliospheric Physics Management Operation Working Group, 1979 to 1982
    Comet Science Working Group, 1978, 1979
    Comet Halley Science Working Group 1977
    Interplanetary Physics Working Group, 1976, 1977
    Comet Science Working Group, 1971
    IMP KK' (pre-ISEE) Study Team 1969

    Awards

    Lindsay Award, 1988.
    Goddard Space Flight Center Award of Merit, 1985.
    NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1979.
    GSFC Performance Award, 1998
    GSFC Group Achievement Award for Advanced Compositon Explorer (ACE) Team, 1998.
    GSFC Group Achievement Award for WIND MFI Global Geospace Science (GGS) Investigation Team, 1998.
    GSFC Certificate of Outstanding Performance, 1995.
    GSFC Group Achievement Award for Magnetic field Investigation, WIND, 1995.
    Peer Award, 1991.
    GSFC Performance Award, 1991.
    GSFC Certificate of Outstanding Performance
    NASA Group Achievement Award for Voyager Science Investigations, 1990.
    NASA Group Achievement Award for AMPTE Mission Operations, 1990
    GSFC Certificate of Outstanding Performance, 1989.
    GSFC Certificate of Outstanding Performance, 1987.
    NASA Group Achievement Award for Voyager Plasma Science Investigation, 1986.
    NASA Group Achievement Award for Voyager Magnetic Field Investigation, 1981.
    NASA Group Achievement Award for Helios Team, 1975.
    Goddard Space Flight Center IMP-I Project Recognition, 1971.

    Publications

    1. 1967 "Anisotropic Propagation of Solar Cosmic Rays", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 4449.
    2. 1968 "Macro and Micro Structure of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field", L. F. Burlaga, N. Ness, Canadian J. of Physics, 46, 1962.
    3. 1968 "Microscale Structures in the Interplanetary Medium", L. F. Burlaga, Solar Phys., 4, 67.
    4. 1968 "Observations of the Magnetosheath-Solar Wind Boundary", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 6167.

    5. 1968 "Plasma Observations of Explorer 34", K. W. Ogilvie, L. F. Burlaga, and T. D. Wilkerson, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 6809.
    6. 1968 "Observations of the Interplanetary Plasma", K. W. Ogilvie, L. F. Burlaga, and T. Wilkerson, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 6812.
    7. 1968 "Directional Discontinuities in the Interplanetary Magnetic Field", L. F. Burlaga, Solar Phys., 7, 54.
    8. 1969 "Large Velocity Discontinuities in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga; Solar Phys., 7, 72.
    9. 1969 "Microscale Fluctuations in the Interplanetary Magnetic Field", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, and D. H. Fairfield; Astrophys. J., 155, L171.
    10. 1969 "Hydromagnetic Shocks in the Solar Wind", K. W. Ogilvie and L. F. Burlaga, Solar Phys., 8, 422.
    11. 1969 "Tangential Discontinuities in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, Solar Phys., 9, 467.
    12. 1969 "Causes of Sudden Commencements and Sudden Impulses", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, J. Geophys. Res., 74, 2815.
    13. 1969 "Hydromagnetic Observations in the Solar Wind", K. W. Ogilvie, L. F. Burlaga, The Earth's Particles and Fields, edited by B. McCormac, Reidel Publishers.
    14. 1970 "Anisotropic Solar Cosmic Ray Propagation in an Inhomogeneous Medium I", L. F. Burlaga, Acta Physics Hungarica, p. 29, Suppl. 2, 9, (Proc. 11th International Conference on Cosmic Rays, Budapest).
    15. 1970 "Heating of the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, Astrophys. J., 159, 659.
    16. 1970 "A Reverse Hydromagnetic Shock in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, Cosmic Electrodynamics, 1, 233.
    17. 1970 "Anisotropic Solar Cosmic Ray Propagation in an Inhomogeneous Medium II", L. F. Burlaga, Solar Phys., 12, 317.
    18. 1970 "Magnetic and Thermal Pressures in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and K. W. Ogilvie, Solar Phys., 15, 61.
    19. 1970 "Interplanetary Shock Observations by Mariner 5 and Explorer 34", A. J. Lazarus, K. W. Ogilvie, and L. F. Burlaga, Solar Phys., 13, 232.
    20. 1971 "Energy Transfer at Colliding Streams in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, D. H. Fairfield, M. D. Montgomery, and S. J. Bame, Astrophys. J., 164, 137.
    21. 1971 "Reverse and Forward Slow Shocks in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and J. K. Chao, J. Geophys Res., 76, 7516.
    22. 1971 "Hydromagnetic Waves and Discontinuities in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, Space Sci. Rev., 12, 600.

    23. 1971 "On the Nature and Origin of Directional Discontinuities", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 4630.
    24. 1972 "A Note on Large Velocity Discontinuities in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 12, 797.
    25. 1972 "Discontinuities and Shock Waves in the Interplanetary Medium and Their Interaction with the Magnetosphere", L. F. Burlaga, Solar Terrestrial Physics, Part II (Invited Review).
    26. 1972 "The Solar Envelope", L. F. Burlaga, Cosmic Plasma Physics, ed. Karl Schindler, p. 73, Plenum Press, New York. (Invited Review).
    27. 1972 "Microstructure of the Interplanetary Medium", L. F. Burlaga, The Solar Wind, ed. C. P. Sonett, P. J. Coleman, Jr., and J. M. Wilcox, NASA SP-308 (Invited Review).
    28. 1972 "Discontinuities in the Interplanetary Medium and Their Relation to the Propagation and Acceleration of Cosmic Rays", L. F. Burlaga, in the Proceedings on the Acceleration of the Particles Near the Earth, in Interplanetary Space, the Galaxy and the Metagalaxy, Leningrad, USSR; NASA/GSFC X-692-71-327.
    29. 1973 "Solar Wind Temperature and Speed", L. F. Burlaga and K. W. Ogilvie, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 2028. (Invited Review)
    30. 1973 "Solar Wind Interaction with Comet Bennet (1969i)", L. F. Burlaga, J. Rahe, B. Donn, and M. Neugebauer, Solar Phys., 30, 211.
    31. 1974 "Shock Phenomena in Interplanetary Space", L. F. Burlaga, in the Proceedings of Flare-Produced Shock Waves in the Corona and Interplanetary Space, Technical Report issued by High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, Boulder, CO. (Invited Review)
    32. 1974 "A Discussion of Interplanetary Shock Waves, with two Examples", K. W. Ogilvie and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 2324.
    33. 1974 "Interplanetary Stream Interfaces", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 3717.
    34. 1974 "Sweet's Mechanism in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and J. D. Scudder, Ap. J. (Letters), 191, L149.
    35. 1975 "Interplanetary Streams and Their Interaction with the Earth", L. F. Burlaga, Space Sci. Rev., 17, 327. (Invited Review)
    36. 1975 "A Model for the Origin of Interplanetary Stream Interfaces", A. J. Hundhausen and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 1845.
    37. 1975 "Causes of Forbush Decreases and other Cosmic Ray Variations", E. Barouch and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 449.
    38. 1975 "Motion of Shocks through Interplanetary Streams", L. F. Burlaga and J. D. Scudder, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 4004.

    39. 1976 "The Large-Scale Magnetic Field in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Study of the Sun and Interplanetary Medium in Three Dimensions, (Invited Review)
    40. 1976 "Variations in Plasma Characteristics near D-Sheets in the Solar Wind", F. L. Scarf, J. D. Mihalov, J. H. Wolfe, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 5431.
    41. 1976 "Microscale Alfven Waves in the Solar Wind at 1 AU", L. F. Burlaga and J. M. Turner, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 73.
    42. 1976 "Interplanetary Stream Magnetism: Kinematic Effects", L. F. Burlaga and E. Barouch, Astrophys. J., 203, 257.
    43. 1976 "Three-Dimensional Interplanetary Stream Magnetism and Energetic Particle Motions", E. Barouch and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 2103.
    44. 1976 "Diamagnetic Boundary Layers in the Solar Wind: A Kinetic Theory", J. Lemaire and L. F. Burlaga, Astrophys. and Space Sci., 45, 303.
    45. 1977 "Interplanetary Current Sheets at 1 AU", L. F. Burlaga, J. Lemaire, and J. M. Turner, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 3191.
    46. 1977 "Multi-Spacecraft Observations of Microscale Fluctuations in the Solar Wind", U. Denskat and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 2693.
    47. 1977 "The Causes of Recurrent Geomagnetic Storms", L. F. Burlaga and R. P. Lepping, Planetary Space Sci., 25, 1151.
    48. 1977 "Magnetic Field Experiment for Voyagers 1 and 2", K. W. Behannon, M. H. Acuna, L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, and F. M. Neubauer, Space Sci. Rev., 21, 235.
    49. 1977 "Magnetic Holes in the Solar Wind", J. M. Turner, L. F. Burlaga, J. F. Lemaire, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 1921.
    50. 1978 "Interplanetary Magnetic Holes: Theory", L. F. Burlaga and J. F. Lemaire, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 5157.
    51. 1978 "Structure of Current Sheets in Magnetic Holes at 1 AU", R. J. Fitzenreiter and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 5579.
    52. 1978 "Sources of Magnetic Fields in Recurrent Interplanetary Streams", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Behannon, S. F. Hansen, G. W. Pneuman, and W. C. Feldman, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 4177.
    53. 1978 "The Large Scale Structure of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field between 1 and 0.3 AU, during the Primary Mission of Helios A", F. Mariani, N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga, B. Bavassano, and U. Villante, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 5161.
    54. 1978 "Magnetic Fields and Flows between 1 AU and 0.3 AU during the Primary Mission of Helios 1", L. F. Burlaga, F. Mariani, B. Bavassano, U. Villante, H. Rosenbauer, R. Schwenn and J. Harvey, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 5167.
    55. 1978 "Magnetic Fields, Plasmas, and Coronal Holes: The Inner Solar System", L. F. Burlaga, Space Sci. Rev., 23, 201 (Invited Review)
    56. 1978 "IMF Structures between 0.3 and 1 A.U. A Comparison of Two -Spacecraft Observations", U. Villante, F. Mariani, L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, Nuovo Cimento, 1, 261.
    57. 1979 "Intense Interplanetary Magnetic Fields Observed by Geocentric Spacecraft during 1963-1975", L. F. Burlaga and J. H. King, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 6633.
    58. 1979 "Magnetic Field Studies at Jupiter by Voyager 1: Preliminary Results", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Behannon, and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 204, 982.
    59. 1979 "The Shape and Location of the Sector Boundary Surface in the Inner Solar System", U. Villante, R. Bruno, F. Mariani, L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 6641.
    60. 1979 "Jupiter's Magnetic Tail: Voyager 1", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, R. P. Lepping, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, and F. M. Neubauer, Nature, 280, 749.
    61. 1979 "Magnetic Field Studies at Jupiter by Voyager 2: Preliminary Result", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Behannon, and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 206, 966.
    62. 1979 "Geomagnetopause Surface Fluctuations Observed by Voyager 1", R. P. Lepping and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 7099.
    63. 1980 "Interplanetary Particles and Fields, November 22 - December 7, 1977: Helios, Voyager, and IMP Observations between 0.6 AU and 1.6 AU", L. Burlaga, R. Lepping, R. Weber, T. Armstrong, C. Goodrich, J. Sullivan, D. Gurnett, P. Kellogg, E. Keppler, F. Mariani, F. Neubauer, and R. Schwenn, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 2227.
    64. 1980 "Interplanetary Sector Boundaries: 1971-1973", L. W. Klein and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 2269.
    65. 1980 "Disturbances Observed near Ganymede by Voyager 2", L. F. Burlaga, J. W. Belcher, and N. F. Ness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 21.
    66. 1981 "Jupiter's Magnetopause, Bow Shock and 10-Hour Modulated Magnetosheath; Voyagers 1 and 2, R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, and L. W. Klein, Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 99.
    67. 1981 "The Jovian Magnetotail and its Current Sheet", K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 8385.
    68. 1981 "Observations of the Magnetic Field and Plasma Flow in Jupiter's Magnetosheath", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, L. W. Klein, J. M. Jesson and C. C. Goodrich, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 8141.
    69. 1981 "Preliminary Results at Saturn from the Magnetic Field Experiment on Voyager 1", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, R. P. Lepping, J. E. P. Connerney, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 212, 211.
    70. 1981 "The Coronal and Interplanetary Current Sheet in Early 1976", L. F. Burlaga, A. J. Hundhausen and Zhao Xue-pu, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 8893.
    71. 1981 "Magnetic Loop behind an Interplanetary Shock: Voyager, Helios and IMP-8 Observations", L. Burlaga, E. Sittler, A. Lazarus, F. Mariani and R. Schwenn, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 6673.
    72. 1981 "Surface Waves on Saturn's Magnetopause", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, and L. W. Klein, Nature, 292, 750.

    73. 1982 "Alfven Waves and Alfvenic Fluctuations in the Solar Wind", K. W. Behannon and L. F. Burlaga, in Solar Wind 4. , edited by H. Rosenbauer, Springer Verlag, New York (Invited Review)
    74. 1982 "Initial Results from the Voyager 1, 2 Magnetic Field Experiments", M. H. Acuna, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, and N. F. Ness, in Solar Wind 4, edited by H. Rosenbauer, Springer Verlag, New York, p. 143.
    75. 1982 "Large-Scale Variations of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field: Voyager 1 and 2 Observations between 1-5 AU", L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, K. W. Behannon, L. W. Klein, and F. M. Neubauer, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 4345.
    76. 1982 "Magnetic Clouds between 2-4 AU: Voyager Observations", L. F. Burlaga and K. W. Behannon, Solar Phys., 81, 181.
    77. 1982 "Quadrupole Distortions of the Heliospheric Current Sheet in 1976 and 1977", R. Bruno, L. F. Burlaga, and A. J. Hundhausen, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 10,339.
    78. 1982 "Interplanetary Magnetic Clouds at 1 AU", L. W. Klein and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 613.
    79. 1982 "Evidence for a distant (> 8,700 RJ) Jovian Magnetic Tail: Voyager 2 Observations", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, M. D. Desch, and L. W. Klein, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9, 885.
    80. 1982 "Magnetic Field Studies by Voyager 2: Preliminary Results at Saturn", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, J. E. P. Connerney, R. P. Lepping, and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 215, 558.
    81. 1982 "A Magnetic Cloud and a Coronal Mass Ejection", L. F. Burlaga, L. Klein, N. Sheeley, Jr., D. J. Michels, R. A. Howard, M. J. Kooman, R. Schwenn, and H. Rosenbauer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9, 1317.
    82. 1982 "Magnetic Fields in the Interplanetary Medium", L. F. Burlaga, Adv. Space Res., 2, 51. (Invited Review).
    83. 1983 "Heliospheric Magnetic Fields and Plasmas", L. F. Burlaga, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 21, 363.(Invited Review)
    84. 1983 "A Comparison of Coronal and Interplanetary Current Sheet Inclinations", K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, and A. J. Hundhausen, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 7837.
    85. 1983 "Corotating Pressure Waves without Streams", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 6085.
    86. 1983 "Dynamical Evolution of Interplanetary Magnetic Fields and Flows between 0.3 AU to 8.5 AU: Entrainment", L. F. Burlaga, R. Schwenn and H. Rosenbauer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 413.
    87. 1983 "Understanding the Heliosphere and its Energetic Particles", L. F. Burlaga, Proc. 18th International Conference on Cosmic Rays, Vol. 12, p. 21. (Invited Review)
    88. 1984 "K-Coronameter Observations and Potential Field Model Comparison in 1976 and 1977", R. Bruno, L. F. Burlaga, and A. J. Hundhausen, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 5831.
    89. 1984 "Interplanetary Flow Systems Associated with Cosmic Ray Modulation in 1977-1980", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, N. F. Ness, R. Schwenn, A. J. Lazarus, and F. Mariani, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 6579.
    90. 1984 "Power Spectral Signatures of Interplanetary Corotating and Transient Flows", M. L. Goldstein, L. F. Burlaga, and W. H. Matthaeus, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 3747.
    91. 1984 "Radial Variations of Large-Scale Magnetohydrodynamic Fluctuations in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga and M. L. Goldstein, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 6813.
    92. 1984 "Scale Lengths in Quasi-Parallel Shocks", J. D. Scudder, L. F. Burlaga, and E. Greenstadt, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7545.
    93. 1984 "Large-scale Interplanetary Magnetic Fields: Voyager 1 and 2 Observations between 1 AU and 9.5 AU", L. F. Burlaga, L. W. Klein, R. P. Lepping, and K. W. Behannon, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 10,659.
    94. 1984 "MHD Processes in the Outer Heliosphere", L. F. Burlaga, Space Sci. Rev., 39, 255. (Invited Review)
    95. 1985 "Stream Dynamics between 1 AU and 2 AU: A Comparison of Observations and Theory", L. F. Burlaga, V. Pizzo, A. Lazarus, and P. Gazis, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 7377.
    96. 1985 "Cosmic Ray Modulation and Turbulent Interaction Regions near 11 AU", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, and M. L. Goldstein, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 12027.
    97. 1985 "Evolution and Interaction of Interplanetary Shocks", Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 10765.
    98. 1985 "Coalescence of Two Pressure Waves Associated with Stream Interactions", Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 221.
    99. 1985 "Coulomb Collisions in the Solar Wind", L. Klein, K. W. Ogilvie, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 7389.
    100. 1985 "Cosmic Ray Variations and Turbulent Flow Systems: (0.3 - 1.0) AU; 1977-1980", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, M. L. Goldstein, A. Lazarus, F. Mariani, F. Neubauer, and R. Schwenn, J Geophys. Res., 91, 2917.
    101. 1985 "Cosmic Ray Modulation and Merged Interaction Regions" , L. F. Burlaga, and F. B. McDonald, Proc. 19th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Vol. 4., p. 396.(Invited Review)
    102. 1986 "Fractal Structure of Interplanetary Magnetic Fields", L. F. Burlaga and L. W. Klein, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 347.
    103. 1986 "Structure and Dynamics of Corotating Streams in Three Dimensions, L. F. Burlaga, in The Sun and the Heliosphere in Three Dimensions, edited by R. G. Marsden, p.191 (Invited Review)
    104. 1986 "Configurations of Corotating Shocks in the Outer Heliosphere", L. F. Burlaga and L. W. Klein, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 8975.
    105. 1986 "Magnetic Fields at Uranus", N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuna, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, J. E. P. Connerney, and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 233, 85.
    106. 1986 "First Results from the Giotto Magnetometer Experiment at Comet Halley", F. M. Neubauer, K. H. Glassmeier, M. Pohl, J. Raeder, M. H. Acuna, L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, G. Musmann, F. Mariani, M. Wallis, E. Ungstrup, and H. L. U. Schmidt, Nature, 321, 352.
    107. 1986 "Differential Measurement and Model Calculations of Cosmic Ray Latitudinal Gradient with respect to the Heliospheric Current Sheet", S. P. Christon, A. C. Cummings, E. C. Stone, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, J. R. Jokipii, and J. Kota, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 2867.
    108. 1986 "Formation of a Compound Stream, and its Effects on Energetic Solar Particles and Galactic Cosmic Rays", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald and R. Schwenn, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 1333.
    109. 1986 "The Coalescence of Two Merged Interaction Regions between 6.2 and 9.5 AU: September, 1979, Event", Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 13341.
    110. 1987 "Macroscopic Perturbation of the IMF by P/Halley as seen by the Giotto Magnetometer," J. Raeder, F. M. Neubauer, N. Ness, and L. F. Burlaga, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 187, 61.
    111. 1987 "Radial and Latitudinal Variations of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field", L. W. Klein, L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 9885.
    112. 1987 "Large-Scale Fluctuations in the Interplanetary Medium", L. F. Burlaga and W. H. Mish, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 1261.
    113. 1987 "Large-Scale Fluctuations in |B| between 13 AU and 22 AU and their effects on Cosmic Rays", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness and F. B. McDonald, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 13, 647.
    114. 1987 "Compound Streams, Magnetic Clouds, and Major Geomagnetic Storms", L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Behannon, and L. Klein J. Geophys. Res., 92, 5725.
    115. 1987 "Cosmic Ray Variations and Magnetic Field Fluctuations in the Outer Heliosphere", J. S. Perko and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6127.
    116. 1987 "Surface Waves on Uranus' Magnetopause," R. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, and L. Klein, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A13, 153, 47.
    117. 1988 "Magnetic Clouds, Geomagnetic Storms and Cosmic Ray Decreases", G. Zhang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 2511.
    118. 1988 "Period Doubling in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 4103.
    119. 1988 "Magnetic Clouds and Constant Alpha Force-Free Configurations," L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 7217.
    120. 1988 "Interaction Regions in the Distant Solar Wind," L. F. Burlaga, Proceedings of the Sixth International Solar Wind Conference, p. 547, eds., V. Pizzo, T. E. Holzer and D. G. Sime, NCAR/TN 306 + Proc. (Invited Review)
    121. 1988 "Dynamic Phenomena in the Solar Wind," , L. F. Burlaga. Reports on Astronomy, edited by J. P. Swings, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, The Netherlands. (Invited Review)
    122. 1988 "Evolution of Recurrent Solar Wind Structures between 14 AU and the Terminal Shock", Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 5446.
    123. 1989 "Large-Scale Fluctuations at 1 AU: 1978-1982", L. F. Burlaga, W. H. Mish and D. A. Roberts, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 177.
    124. 1989 "Spatial Variation and Evolution of Heliospheric Sector Structure, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, J. T. Hoeksema, and L. W. Klein, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 1245.
    125. 1989 "Thermodynamic Properties of the Heliospheric Plasma," Y. C. Whang, K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga, and S. Zhang, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 2345.
    126. 1989 "Magnetic Fields at Neptune", N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga, J. E. P. Connerney, R. P. Lepping and F. M. Neubauer, Science, 246, 1473, 1989.
    127. 1989 "Recurrent Solar Wind Structures in the Outer Heliosphere, Y. C. Whang, and L. F. Burlaga, Adv. Space Res., 9, 4, 111.
    128. 1990 "Global Configuration of a Magnetic Cloud", L. F. Burlaga, R. Lepping, J. Jones, in Physics of Flux Ropes, editor C. T. Russell, Geophysical Monograph 58, Washington DC, 373.
    129. 1990 "Pressure Balanced Structures between 1 AU and 24 AU and their Implications for Solar Wind Electrons and Interstellar Pickup Ions, L. F. Burlaga, J. D. Scudder, L. W. Klein, and P.A. Isenberg, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 2229.
    130. 1990 "A Heliospheric Vortex Street?", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 2229.
    131. 1990 "Coalescence of Recurrent Streams of Different Sizes and Amplitudes", L. F. Burlaga, Y. C. Whang, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 247.
    132. 1990 "Magnetic Field Structure of Interplanetary Magnetic Clouds at 1 AU", R. P. Lepping, J. A. Jones, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 11957.
    133. 1990 "Heliospheric Shocks and Catastrophe Theory", L. F. Burlaga, Geophys. Res. Letters., 17, 1633.
    134. 1990 "Simulation of Period Doubling of Recurrent Solar Wind Structures", Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 20,663.
    135. 1991 "Cosmic Ray Modulation: Voyager 2 Observations: 1987-1988", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, N. F. Ness, and A. J. Lazarus, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 3789.
    136. 1991 "Shock Heating of the Solar Wind Plasma", Y. C. Whang, Shaoliang Liu, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 18769.
    137. 1991 "Multifractal Structure of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field: Voyager 2 Observations near 25 AU, 1987 - 1988", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, N. F. Ness, and A. J. Lazarus, J. Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 69.
    138. 1991 "Structure and Evolution of Compound Streams < 1 AU", K. W. Behannon, L. F. Burlaga and A. Hewish, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 21,213
    139. 1991 "Magnetic Clouds", L. F. Burlaga, Chapter 5 in Physics of the Inner Heliosphere II, Editors: R. Schwenn and E. Marsch, Springer-Verlag, p. 1 (Invited Review)
    140. 1991 "The Interaction of a very large Interplanetary Magnetic Cloud with the Magnetosphere", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, B. T. Tsurutani, K. W. Ogilvie, A. J. Lazarus, D. S. Evans, and L. W. Klein, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 92,425.
    141. 1991 "Intermittent Turbulence in the Solar Wind", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 5847.
    142. 1991 "Giotto's Mission to Planet Earth", K.-H. Glassmeier, F. M. Neubauer, G. Brach, H. Marschall, M. H. Acuna, L. F. Burlaga, F. Mariani, G. Musmann, N. F. Ness, M. K. Wallis, E. Ungstrup, and H. U. Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1553.
    143. 1991 "Interplanetary Medium, Shock Waves and Traveling Interplanetary Phenomena", in The Van Nostrand Reinhold Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics, edited by S. Maran and Ubell, Van Nostrand, (in press). (Invited Review).
    144. 1992 "Intensity Variations in the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Measured by Voyager 2 and the 11-Year Solar-Cycle Modulation of Cosmic Rays", J. S. Perko and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 305.
    145. 1992 "Solar Cycle Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays at High Heliographic Latitudes: A one-dimensional simulation", J. S. Perko, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res.
    146. 1992 "The Role of Merged Interaction Regions and Drifts in the Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic Rays beyond 20 AU: A Computer Simulation", M. S. Potgieter, J. A. le Roux, L. F. Burlaga, and F. B. McDonald, Astrophys. J.,.
    147. 1992 "Multifractal Structure in Recurrent Streams at 1 AU and near 6 AU", L. F. Burlaga, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1651.
    148. 1992 "Multifractal Structure of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Plasma in Recurrent Streams at 1 AU", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 4283.
    149. 1992 "A Comparative Study of Expanding Force-Free Constant Alpha Magnetic Configurations with Application to Magnetic Clouds", C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga, P. Freeman, R. P. Lepping and V. Osherovich, Solar Wind Seven, edited by E. Marsch and R. Schwenn, Pergamon Press, p. 611.
    150. 1992 "Multifractal Structure of the Solar Wind:, L. F. Burlaga, Solar Wind Seven, edited by E. Marsch and R. Schwenn, Pergamon Press, p. 429.
    151, 1992 "Radial Expansion of an Ideal MHD Configuration and the Temporal Development of the Magnetic Field, C. J. Farrugia, V. A. Osherovich, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, and M. P. Freeman, Solar Wind Seven, edited by E. Marsch and R. Schwenn, Pergamon Press, p. 615.
    152. 1992 "Neptune's Polar Cusp Region: Observations and Magnetic Field Analysis", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, A. J. Lazarus, V. M. Vasyliunas. A. Szabo, J. Steinberg, N. F. Ness, and S. M. Krimigis, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 8135, 1992.
    153. 1992 "Preliminary Results from the Giotto Magnetometer Experiment during the P/Grigg-Skjellerup Encounter", F. M. Neubauer, H. Marschall, M. Pohl, K.-H. Glassmeier, G. Mussmann, F. Mariani, M. H. Acuna, L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, M. K. Wallis, H. U. Schmidt, and E. Ungstrup, Science, >>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    xxx 1993 "The Role of Merged Interaction Regions and Drifts in the Heliospheric Modulation of Cosmic Rays Beyond 20 AU", M. S. Potgieter, J. A. leRoux, L. F. Burlaga, and F. B. mcDonald, Astrophys. J., 403, 760.
    Xxx 1993 "Solar Cycle Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays at high Heliographic Latitudes: A One-Dimensional Simulation", J. S. Perko and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1235.
    154. 1993 "Radial and Latitudinal Variations of the Heliospheric Magnetic Field Strength", L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 3539.
    155. 1993 "A Study of an Expanding Magnetic Cloud and its Interaction with the Earth's Magnetosphere: 1. The Interplanetary Aspect, C. J. Farrugia, M. P. Freeman, L. F. Burlaga, and R. P. Lepping, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 7621.
    156. 1993 "The Interaction of a Magnetic Cloud with the Earth: Ionospheric Convection in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres for a Wide Range of Quasi-Steady Interplanetary Magnetic Field Conditions, M. P. Freeman, C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga, M. R. Hairstron, M. Greenspan, J. M. Ruohoniemi, and R. P. Lepping, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 7633
    157. 1993 "The Earth's Magnetosphere under Continued Forcing: Substorm Activity During the Passage of an Interplanetary Magnetic Cloud", C. J. Farrugia, M. P. Freeman, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, and K. Takahashi, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 7657.
    158. 1993 "The Nonlinear Evolution of Magnetic Flux Ropes: 1. The Low Beta Limit", V. A. Osherovich, C. J. Farrugia, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 13225.
    159. 1993 "Cosmic Ray Modulation, Merged Interaction Regions and Multifractals", L. F. Burlaga, J. Perko, and J. Pirraglia, Ap. J., 407, 307.
    160. 1993 "Polytropic Relationship in Interplanetary Magnetic Clouds", V. Osherovich, C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, J. Fainberg, and R. G. Stone, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 15331.
    161. 1993 "Simultaneous Observations of Solar MeV Particles in a Magnetic Cloud and in the Earth's Northern Tail Lobe: Implications for the Global Field Line Topology of Magnetic Clouds, and for the Entry of Solar Particles into the Magnetosphere during Cloud Passage", C. J. Farrugia, I. G. Richardson, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, and V. A. Osherovich, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 15497.
    162. 1993 "Intermittent Turbulence in Large-Scale Velocity Fluctuations at 1 AU near Solar Maximum", L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys Res. 98, 17467.
    163. 1993 "Dynamics of Aging Magnetic Clouds", V. I. Osherovich, C. J. Farrugia, and L. F. Burlaga, Adv. Space Res., 13, (6), 57.
    164. 1993 "Solar Wind Behavior Throughout the Heliosphere", L. F. Burlaga, Adv. Space Res., 13, (6), 27 (Invited Review)
    165. 1993 "Termination Shock: Solar Cycle Variations of the Location and Speed, Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 15221.
    166. 1993 "Large-Scale Distant Heliospheric Magnetic Field Direction: Voyager 1 and 2 Observations from 1986 through 1989", L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 17451.
    167. 1993 "Cosmic Ray Modulation and the Distant Heliospheric Magnetic Field: Voyager 1 and 2 Observations from 1986 to 1989", L. F. Burlaga, F. B. McDonald, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1.
    168. 1993 "Observations in the Sheath Region ahead of a Magnetic Cloud and in the Dayside Magnetosheath During Magnetic Cloud Passage, C. J. Farrugia, R. J. Fitzenreiter, L. F. Burlaga, N. V. Erkaev, V. A. Osherovich, H. K. Biemat, and A. Fazakerly, Adv. Space Res., 14 (7), 105.
    Xxx 1994 " Observations in the Sheath Region Ahead of magnetic Clouds and in the Dayside Magnetosheath During Cloud Passage", C. J. Farrugia, R. J. Fitzenreiter, L. F. Burlaga, N. V. Erkaev, V. A. Osherovich, K. Biernat, and A. Fazakerley, Adv. Space Res., Vol. 14, (7) 105.
    169. 1994 "Reply", R. P. Lepping, J. A. Jones, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 2581.
    170. 1994 "Shocks in the Outer Heliosphere: Voyager 2 Observations from 18.9 AU to 30.2 AU (1986 - 1989), L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 4161.
    171. 1994 "Interaction of Global Merged Interaction Region Shock with the Heliopause and its Relation to the 2- and 3- kHz Radio Emissions", Y. C. Whang, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 21457.
    172. 1994 "Pickup Protons and Pressure-balanced Structures: Voyager 2 Observations in Merged Interaction Regions near 35 AU", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, J. W. Belcher, A. Szabo, P. A. Isenberg and M. A. Lee, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 21511.
    173. 1994 "Merged Interaction Regions and Large-scale Magnetic Field Fluctuations during 1991: Voyager 2 Observations", L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19341.
    174. 1994 "The Effects of Intense Solar Activity of March/June 1991 Observed in the Outer Heliosphere", F. B. McDonald, A. Barnes, L. F. Burlaga, P. Gazis, J. Mihalov, and R. S. Selesnick, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 14705, 1994.
    175. 1994 "Auroral Activity Associated with Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability at the Inner Edge of the Low-latitude Boundary Layer", C. J. Farrugia, P. E. Sandholt, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19,403.
    176. 1994 "Cusp/Cleft Auroral Activity in Relation to Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure, IMF Bz and By", P. E. Sandholt, C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99, 17, 323.
    177. 1994 "Anomalous Magnetosheath Properties during Earth Passage of an Interplanetary Magnetic Cloud", C. J. Farrugia, N. V. Erkaev, H. K. Biernat, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 19,245.
    179. 1994 "A fast moving magnetic cloud and features of its interaction with the dayside magnetosheath", C. J. Farrugia, and L. F. Burlaga, in: The Solar Wind-Magnetosphere System, edited by H. K. Biernat, G. A. Bachmaier, S. Bauer, and R. P. Rijnbeek, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, p. 33.

    180. 1995 "Reflection and Transmission of GMIR Shock at the Heliopause and their Relation to the 2- and 3-kHz Radio Emissions, Y. C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, Adv. Space Res., 16 (9), 291.
    181. 1995 "Magnetic Fields and Cosmic Rays in the Distant Heliosphere at Solar Maximum: Voyager 2 Observations near 32 AU during 1990", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness and F. B. McDonald, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 14,763.

    182. 1995 "The Magnetic Flux Rope Versus The Spheromak As Models For Interplanetary Magnetic Clouds", C. J. Farrugia, V. A. Osherovich, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 12,293.

    183. 1995 "The Non-linear Evolution of Magnetic Flux Ropes: 2. The Case of Finite Beta", V. A. Osherovich, C. J. Farrugia, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 12307.

    184. 1995 "The Self-similar, Nonlinear Evolution of Rotating Flux Ropes", C. J. Farrugia, V. A. Osherovich, and L. F. Burlaga, Annales Geophysicae, 13, 815.

    185. 1995 "Auroral Activity Associated with Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability at the Inner Edge of the Low-Latitude Boundary Layer", C. J. Farrugia, P. E. Sandholt, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19403.

    186. 1995 "Locations of the Termination Shock and the Heliopause", Y. C. Whang, L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 17015.

    187. 1995 "Interplanetary Magnetohydrodynamics", L. F. Burlaga, Oxford University Press, New York.
    188. 1995 "Ideal MHD Flow behind Interplanetary Shocks driven by Magnetic Clouds", Erkaev, N. V., C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga, et al., J. Geophys. Res., 100,
    19,919.
    189. 1996 "Merged Interaction Regions and Large-scale Fluctuations observed by Voyagers 1 and 2 in the distant heliosphere", N. F. Ness, and L. F. Burlaga, Solar Wind Eight, edited by D. Winterhalter, J. Gosling, S. Habbal, W, Kurth, and M. Neugebauer, p. 591.

    190. 1996 "Magnetic Fields in the Distant Heliosphere Approaching Solar Minimum: Voyager 1 & 2 Observations during 1994", L. B. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 13473.

    191. 1996 "Pickup Protons and Pressure Balanced Structures from 39 to 43 AU: Voyager 2 Observations during1993 and 1994", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, and J. W. Belcher, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 15523.

    192. 1996 "A Magnetic Cloud Observed by Wind on October 18 - 20, 1995", L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, W. Mish, K. W. Ogilvie, A. Szabo, A. J. Lazarus, and J. T. Steinberg, Technical Report, Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics Document

    193. 1996 "An Unusual Shock Event Observed at 35 AU by Voyager 2 in May, 1991", R. B. Decker, S. M. Krimigis, L. F. Burlaga, and R. L. McNutt, Geophys. Res. Lett., in press.

    194. 1995 "Pressure and Energy Carried by Superthermal Ions during the Sept. 1991 GMIR at Voyagers 1 and 2", R. B. Decker, S. M. Krimigis, L. F. Burlaga, and R. L. McNutt, Proc. 24th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 4, 425, Rome, Italy.
    195. 1996 "Dependence of Magnetosheath Properties on Solar Wind Alfven Mach Number and Magnetic Shear Across the Magnetopause", C. J. Farrugia, N. V. Erkaev, H. K. Biernat, and L. F. Burlaga, in The Solar Wind-Magnetosphere System 2, edited by S. Bauer, H. K. Biernat, F. Ladreiter, and C. J. Farrugia, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, p. 95.
    196. 1996 "Pickup Protons in the Heliosphere", Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, and N.F. Ness in The Heliosphere in the Local Interstellar Medium, edited by R. von Steiger, R. Lallement, and M. A. Lee, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, p. 393. Also in Space Science Reviews, 78, p. 393.

    197. 1996 "Voyager Observations of the Magnetic Field, Interstellar Pickup Ions and Solar Wind in the Distant Heliosphere", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, J. W. Belcher, A. J. Lazarus, and J. Richardson, in The Heliosphere in the Local Interstellar Medium, edited by R. von Steiger, R. Lallement, and M. A. Lee, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, p. 393. Also in Space Science Rev., 78, p. 33.

    198. 1996 "Plasma Depletion Layer ahead of an Interplanetary Ejecta", C. J. Farrugia,
    N. V. Erkaev, H. K. Biernat, L. F. Burlaga, and R. P. Lepping, J
    Geophys. Res., 102, 7087.

    199. 1996 "Magnetic Fields in the Distant Heliosphere Approaching Solar Minimum:
    Voyager 1 & 2 Observations during 1994", L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness,
    J.Geophys. Res., 101, 13,473.

    200. 1997 " Magnetic Clouds and the Quiet/Storm Effect at Earth", C. J. Farrugia, L. F. Burlaga, and R. J. Lepping, in Magnetic Storms, edited by B. T. Tsurutani, W. D. Gonzalez, T. Kamide and J. K. Arballo, p. 91, Geophysical Monograph Series, 98, AGU, p.
    201. 1997 "Magnetic Clouds", V. A. Osherovich, and L. F. Burlaga, in Coronal Mass
    Eections, edited by N. Crooker and J. Joselyn, p. 157, Geophysical
    Monograph 99, American Geophysical Union. Invited Review.

    202. 1997 "The Radial Evolution of Corotating Merged Interaction Regions and Flows between ~14 AU and ~ 43 AU", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, and J. W. Belcher, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 4661.

    203. 1997 "Global Merged Interaction Regions in the Outer Heliosphere", F. B. McDonald
    and L. F. Burlaga, Cosmic Winds and the Heliosphere, edited by J. R. Jokipii,
    C. P. Sonett and M. S. Giampapa, p. 389 (Invited Review).

    204. 1997 "Global Patterns of Heliospheric Magnetic Field Polarities and Elevation Angles: 1990 through 1996," L. F. Burlaga and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 19,731.

    205. 1997 "The Wind Magnetic Cloud and Events of October 18 - 20, 1995: Interplanetary Properties and as Triggers for Geomagnetic Activity", R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, A. Szabo, K. W. Ogilvie, W. H. Mish, D. Vassiliadis, A. J. Lazarus, J. T. Steinberg C. J. Farrugia, L. Janoo, and F. Mariani, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 14,049.

    206. 1998 "A Magnetic Cloud containing Prominence Material", L. Burlaga, R.
    Fitzenreiter, R. Lepping, K. Ogilvie, A. Szabo, A. Lazarus, J. Steinberg, G. Gloeckler, R. Howard, D. Michels, C. Farrugia, R. Lin, and D. Larson, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 277.

    207. 1998. "The Heliospheric Magnetic Field Strength out to 66 AU: Voyager 1, 1978
    through 1996", L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, Y.-M. Whang, and N. R. Sheeley,
    Jr., J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. A10, 23,727.

    208. 1998. "Voyager Observations of the Magnetic Field in the Distant Heliosphere," L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, Space Science Review, 83, 105-121.

    209. 1999. "Fast and Slow Flows in the Solar Wind Near the Ecliptic at 1 AU?," L. F. Burlaga, and A. Szabo, Space Science Reviews, 87, 137-140.

    210. 1999. "Magnetic Field Strength Distributions and Spectra in the Heliosphere and Their Significance for Cosmic Ray Modulation: Voyager 1, 1980-1994," L. F. Burlaga, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 29,719-29,732.

    211. 1999. "Evolution of a Strong Shock in the Distant Heliosphere," Y.C. Whang, Y., J. Y. Lu, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 104, No. A9, 19,787-19,795.

    212. 1999. "MHD description of the dynamical relationships between a flux-rope, streamer, Coronal Mass Ejection (CME), and magnetic cloud: An analysis of the 1997 January Sun-Earth Connection Event," S.T. Wu, W. P. Guo, D. J. Michaels, and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res., 104, No A7, 14, 789-14,801.

    213. 1999. "Pickup Proton Shocks," Y.C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, Solar Wind 9, ed. S. Habbal, AIP Press, 763.

    214. 1999. "Shocks in the Distant Heliosphere," Y.C. Whang and L. F. Burlaga, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 6721.

    215. 1999. "A Prolonged He+ Enhancement within a Coronal Mass Ejection in the Solar Wind," R. M. Skoug, S. J. Bame, W. C. Feldman, J. T. Gosling, D. J. McComas, J. T. Steinberg, R. L. Tokar, P. R. Scibernet, L. F. Burlaga, C. W. Smith, N. F. Ness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 161.

    216. 1999. "Sources of the solar wind electron strahl in 1995," Ogilvie, K. W., L. F. Burlaga, D. J. Chornay, R. J. Fitzenreiter, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 104, Issue A10, pp.22389-22394.

    217. 1999. "Observations of suprathermal electron conics in an interplanetary coronal mass ejection," Feldman, W. C., R. M. Skoug, J. T. Gosling, D. J. McComas, R. L. Tokar, L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, C. W. Smith, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 26, Issue 16, p.2613.

    218. 1999. "MHD description of the dynamical relationships between a flux rope, streamer, coronal mass ejection, and magnetic cloud: An analysis of the January 1997 Sun-Earth connection event," Wu, S. T., W. P. Guo, D. J. Michels, L. F. Burlaga, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 104, Issue A7, pp.14789-14802.

    219. 1999. "A prolonged He^+ enhancement within a coronal mass ejection in the solar wind," Skoug, R. M., S. J. Bame, W. C. Feldman, J. T. Gosling, D. J. McComas, J. T. Steinberg, R. L. Tokar, P. Riley, L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, C. W. Smith, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 26, No. 2, p. 161 (1999).

    220. 1999. "Fast and Slow Flows in the Solar Wind Near the Ecliptic at 1 AU?" Burlaga, L. F. and A. Szabo, Space Science Reviews, v. 87, Issue 1/2, p. 137-140 (1999).

    221. 1999. "Pickup Proton Shocks", Whang, Y. C. and L. F. Burlaga, Solar Wind Nine, Proceedings of the Ninth International Solar Wind Conference, Nantucket, MA, October 1998. Edited by Shaddia Rifai Habbal, Ruth Esser, Joseph V. Hollweg, and Philip A. Isenberg. AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 471, p.763.

    222. 2000. "The origin and development of the May 1997 magnetic cloud," Webb, D. F., R. P. Lepping, L. F. Burlaga, C. E. Deforest, D. E. Larson, S. F. Martin, S. P. Plunkett, D. M. Rust, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 105, Issue A12, pp.27251-27260. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_73.html

    223. 2000. "Anticipated Voyager crossing of the termination shock," Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 27, Issue 11, p.1607. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_74.html

    224. 2000. "Radio-rich Solar Eruptive Events," Gopalswamy, N., M. L. Kaiser, B. J. Thompson, L. F. Burlaga, A. Szabo, A. Vourlidas, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, J.-L. Bougeret, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 27, Issue 10, p.1427. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_75.html

    225. 2000. "North-south flows at 47 AU: A heliospheric vortex street?" Burlaga, L. F., J. D. Richardson, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 105, Issue A5, pp.10501-10508. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_76.html

    226. 2000. "Merged interaction regions observed by Voyagers 1 and 2 during 1998," Burlaga, L. F. and N. F. Ness, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 105, Issue A3, pp.5141-5148.http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_77.html

    227. 2000. "Lognormal distributions and spectra of solar wind plasma fluctuations: Wind 1995-1998," Burlaga, L. F. and A. J. Lazarus, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 105, Issue A2, pp.2357-2364.

    228. 2001. "Interacting Ejecta and Transient Flow Systems near 1 AU," Burlaga, L. F., American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2001, #SH11D-02. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_54.html

    229. 2001. "Formation of the Bastille Day Merged Interaction Region," Whang, Y. C. and L. F. Burlaga, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2001, #SH21B-06. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_55.html

    230. 2001. "ACE Observations of the Bastille Day 2000 Interplanetary Disturbances," Smith, C. W., N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga, R. M. Skoug, D. J. McComas, T. H. Zurbuchen, G. Gloeckler, D. K. Haggerty, R. E. Gold, M. I. Desai, G. M. Mason, J. E. Mazur, J. R. Dwyer, M. A. Popecki, E. Mobius, C. M. Cohen, R. A. Leske, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2001, #SH41B-0750. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_56.html

    231. 2001. "ACE Observations of the Bastille Day 2000 Interplanetary Disturbances," Smith, C. W., N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga, R. M. Skoug, D. J. McComas, T. H. Zurbuchen, G. Gloeckler, D. K. Haggerty, R. E. Gold, M. I. Desai, G. M. Mason, J. E. Mazur, J. R. Dwyer, M. A. Popecki, E. Mobius, C. M. Cohen, R. A. Leske, Solar Physics, v. 204, Issue 1/2, p. 227-252.http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_59.html

    232. 2001. "Magnetic Field Transport in the Solar Wind within and at 1 AU," Burlaga, L. F., American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2001, #SM22B-06. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_57.html

    233. 2001. "Magnetic fields and plasmas in the inner heliosphere: Helios results," Burlaga, L. F., Planetary and Space Science, Volume 49, Issue 14-15, p. 1619-1627. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_58.html

    234. 2001. "The Bastille day Shocks and Merged Interaction Region," Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, N. F. Ness, C. W. Smith, Solar Physics, v. 204, Issue 1/2, p. 253-263 (2001). http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_60.html

    235. 2001. "The Bastille day Magnetic Clouds and Upstream Shocks: Near-Earth Interplanetary Observations," Lepping, R. P., D. B. Berdichevsky, L. F. Burlaga, A. J. Lazarus, J. Kasper, M. D. Desch, C.-C. Wu, D. V. Reames, H. J. Singer, C. W. Smith, K. L. Ackerson, Solar Physics, v. 204, Issue 1/2, p. 285-303 (2001). http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_61.html

    236. 2001. "The Bastille day Shock and Merged Interaction Region at 63 au: Voyager 2 Observations," Burlaga, L. F., N. F. Ness, J. D. Richardson, R. P. Lepping, Solar Physics, v. 204, Issue 1/2, p. 399-411 (2001).http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_62.html

    237. 2001. "Propagation of the Bastille Day 2000 CME Shock in the Outer Heliosphere," Wang, Chi, John D. Richardson, Len Burlaga, Solar Physics, v. 204, Issue 1/2, p. 413-423 (2001). http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_63.html

    238. 2001. "A transitory corotating stream, a short-lived coronal hole, and related magnetic fields," Burlaga, L. F., K. L. Harvey, N. R. Sheeley, Jr., Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A11, pp.24915-24922. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_64.html

    239. 2001. "Fast ejecta during the ascending phase of solar cycle 23: ACE observations, 1998-1999," Burlaga, L. F., R. M. Skoug, C. W. Smith, D. F. Webb, T. H. Zurbuchen, Alysha Reinard , Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A10, pp.20957-20978. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_65.html

    240. 2001. "Spacecraft studies of the interplanetary magnetic field," Ness, Norman F. and Leonard F. Burlaga, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A8, pp.15803-15818. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_66.html

    241. 2001. "Lognormal and multifractal distributions of the heliospheric magnetic field," Burlaga, L. F., Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A8, pp.15917-15928. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_67.html

    242. 2001. "North-south flows observed in the outer heliosphere at solar minimum: Vortex streets or corotating interaction regions?" Goldstein, M. L., D. A. Roberts, L. F. Burlaga, E. Siregar, A. E. Deane, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A8, pp.15973-15984. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_68.html

    243. 2001. "On the origin of microscale magnetic holes in the solar wind," Zurbuchen, T. H., S. Hefti, L. A. Fisk, G. Gloeckler, N. A. Schwadron, C. W. Smith, N. F. Ness, R. M. Skoug, D. J. McComas, L. F. Burlaga, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 106, Issue A8, pp.16001-16010. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_69.html

    244. 2001. "Merged Interaction Regions Observed by Voyager 2 Between 60 and 63 AU," Burlaga, L. F., N. F. Ness, F. B. McDonald, J. D. Richardson, American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting 2001, #SH22F-05. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_70.html

    245. 2001. "Intermittence in the solar wind turbulence illustrated by the Castaing probability density distribution functions and their cascade," Forman, M. A. and L. F. Burlaga, American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting 2001, #SH42B-02. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_71.html

    246. 2001. "A reconnection layer associated with a magnetic cloud," Farrugia, C. J., B. Vasquez, I. G. Richardson, R. B. Torbert, L. F. Burlaga, H. K. Biernat, S. M hlbachler, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, J. D. Scudder, D. E. Berdichevsky, V. S. Semenov, I. V. Kubyshkin, T.-D. Phan, R. P. Lin, Advances in Space Research, Volume 28, Issue 5, p. 759-764. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_72.html

    247. 2002. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_43.html "Solar Wind Speed and Temperature Outside 10 AU and the Termination Shock," Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, Y. Wang, and N. R. Sheeley, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2002, #SH11A-0376.

    248. 2002. "On the Statistical Structure of the Magnetic Field in the Outer Heliosphere," Wang, C., L. F. Burlaga, J. D. Richardson, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2002, #SH21A-0484. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_44.html

    249. 2002. "Large-scale speed fluctuations at 1 AU on scales from 1 hour to ~1 year: 1999 and 1995," Burlaga, L. F. and Miriam A. Forman, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A11, pp. SSH 18-1, CiteID 1403, DOI 10.1029/2002JA009271. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_45.html

    250. 2002. "Heliospheric magnetic field strength and polarity from 1 to 81 AU during the ascending phase of solar cycle 23," Burlaga, L. F., N. F. Ness, Y.-M. Wang, and N. R. Sheeley, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A11, pp. SSH 20-1, CiteID 1410, DOI 10.1029/2001JA009217. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_46.html

    251. 2002. "Successive CMEs and complex ejecta," Burlaga, L. F., S. P. Plunkett, O. C. St. Cyr, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A10, pp. SSH 1-1, CiteID 1266, DOI 10.1029/2001JA000255. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_47.html

    252. 2002. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_48.html "Speed fluctuations near 60 AU on scales from 1 day to 1 year: Observations and model," Burlaga, L. F., J. D. Richardson, C. Wang, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A10, pp. SSH 20-1, CiteID 1328, DOI 10.1029/2002JA009379.

    253. 2002. "Wind and ACE observations during the great flow of 1-4 May 1998: Relation to solar activity and implications for the magnetosphere," Farrugia, C. J., M. Popecki, E. M bius, V. K. Jordanova, M. I. Desai, R. J. Fitzenreiter, K. W. Ogilvie, H. Matsui, S. Lepri, T. Zurbuchen, G. M. Mason, G. R. Lawrence, L. F. Burlaga, R. P. Lepping, J. R. Dwyer, D. McComas, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A9, pp. SSH 3-1, CiteID 1240, DOI 10.1029/2001JA000188. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_49.html

    254. 2002. "Review of Magnetic Clouds/Flux Ropes and Types of Ejecta," Burlaga, L. F., American Astronomical Society Meeting 200, #65.12.http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_50.html

    255. 2002. "Speed Fluctuations at 60 AU on Scales from 1 Day to 1 Year: Observations and Model," Burlaga, L. F., J. D. Richardson, C. Wang, American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting 2002, #SH52B-08. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_51.html

    256. 2002. "The life of a CME and the development of a MIR: From the Sun to 58 AU," Richardson, J. D., K. I. Paularena, C. Wang, L. F. Burlaga, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Volume 107, Issue A4, pp. SSH 1-1, CiteID 1041, DOI 10.1029/2001JA000175. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_52.html

    257. 2002. "Voyager crossing of the termination shock: prediction," Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, Advances in Space Research, Volume 29, Issue 3, p. 445-450. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_53.html

    258. 2003. "Evolution of Magnetic Fields in Corotating Interaction Regions from 1 to 95 AU: Order to Chaos," Burlaga, L. F., C. Wang, J. D. Richardson, and N. F. Ness, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 590, Issue 1, pp. 554-566. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_39.html

    259. 2003. "Solar Wind Speed and Temperature Outside 10 AU and the Termination Shock," Whang, Y. C., L. F. Burlaga, Y.-M. Wang, and N. R. Sheeley, Jr., The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 589, Issue 1, pp. 635-643. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_40.html

    260. 2003. "Large-Scale Magnetic Field Fluctuations and Development of the 1999-2000 Global Merged Interaction Region: 1-60 AU," Burlaga, L. F., Wang, C., Richardson, J. D., Ness, N. F., The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 585, Issue 2, pp. 1158-1168. http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_41.html

    261. 2003. "Voyager 1 and 2 Observations of Magnetic Fields and Associated Cosmic-Ray Variations from 2000 through 2001: 60-87 AU," Burlaga, L. F., N. F. Ness, F. B. McDonald, J. D. Richardson, C. Wang, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 582, Issue 1, pp. 540-549.http://lepvgr.gsfc.nasa.gov/www/voyager/publications/abstract_42.html

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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