Dr. Robert F. Cahalan

Dr. Robert F. Cahalan

  • 301.614.5390
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Robert F. Cahalan has been doing scientific research for more than 40 years, is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and a recipient of numerous awards for scientific research, including the United States Outstanding Leadership and Service Medal. Dr. Cahalan is Director of the Sun-Climate Research Center at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt Maryland, and recently retired as Chief of Goddard’s Climate and Radiation Laboratory. He is President Emeritus of the International Radiation Commission. He contributed to several Assessment Reports of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), including the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) that garnered the 2007 Nobel Prize. In 2006 Cahalan, with his wife Maggie Cahalan, and Joan Clement, co-founded the Chesapeake Education, Arts, and Research Society, CHEARS, a 501c3 non-profit dedicated to the health of all in the Chesapeake Watershed. 

    Publications

    Refereed

    Lee, J. N., R. F. Cahalan, and D. Wu. 2016. "Solar Rotational Modulations of Spectral Irradiance and Correlations with the Variability of Total Solar Irradiance." J. Space Weather Space Climate, 6 (A33): [http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2016028]

    Lee, J. N., R. F. Cahalan, and D. L. Wu. 2015. "The 27-Day Rotational Variations in Total Solar Irradiance Observations: from SORCE/TIM, ACRIM III, and SOHO/VIRGO ." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, (132): 64-73 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.07.001]

    Woods, T., R. F. Cahalan, W. Denig, et al. G. Kopp, P. Pilewskie, and T. Sparn. 2014. "Rapid coordination extends space-based sun-climate record." EOS, 95: 429-430 [10.1002/2014EO470002]

    Woods, T., G. Rottman, R. F. Cahalan, et al. J. Harder, G. Kopp, J. Lean, and M. Snow. 2013. "The SORCE mission celebrates ten years." The Earth Observer, 25 (1): 3-13.

    Wen, G., R. F. Cahalan, J. D. Haigh, et al. P. Pilewskie, L. Oreopoulos, and J. W. Harder. 2013. "Reconciliation of modeled climate responses to spectral solar forcing." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (12): 6281–6289 [10.1002/jgrd.50506]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. C. Levy, et al. L. A. Remer, N. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Improvement of MODIS aerosol retrievals near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (16): 9168-9181 [10.1002/jgrd.50617]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. Fischer. 2013. "Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere and Ocean (IRS2012): Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium (IRC/IAMAS)." 1531: http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/1531: American Institute of Physics (AIP), 1-970, ISBN: 978-0-7354-1155-5. [Full Text (Link)] [10.1063/1.4804695]

    Sun, M., J. Li, C. Yang, et al. G. A. Schmidt, M. Bambacus, R. Cahalan, Q. Huang, C. Xu, E. U. Noble, and Z. Li. 2012. "A Web-Based Geovisual Analytical System for Climate Studies." Future Internet, 4 (4): 1069-1085 [10.3390/fi4041069]

    Pounder, N., R. Hogan, T. Varnai, A. Battaglia, and R. F. Cahalan. 2012. "A Variational Method to Retrieve the Extinction Profile in Liquid Clouds Using Multiple-Field-of-View Lidar." J Appl Meteor Climatol, 51 (2): 350-365 [10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05007.1]

    Cahalan, R. F., G. Wen, J. W. Harder, and P. Pilewskie. 2010. "Temperature responses to spectral solar variability on decadal time scales." Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (7): [10.1029/2009gl041898]

    Oreopoulos, L., S. E. Platnick, G. Hong, P. Yang, and R. F. Cahalan. 2009. "The Shortwave Radiative Forcing Bias of Homogeneous Liquid and Ice Clouds Observed by MODIS." [PowerPoint slides] Retrieved from Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation (IRS 2008 Proceedings),

    Oreopoulos, L., S. Platnick, G. Hong, P. Yang, and R. Cahalan. 2009. "The shortwave radiative forcing bias of liquid and ice clouds from MODIS observations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (16): 5865-5875 [10.5194/acp-9-5865-2009]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Importance of molecular Rayleigh scattering in the enhancement of clear sky radiance in the vicinity of boundary layer cumulus clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 113: [10.1029/2008JD010592]

    Miyahara, H., G. Wen, R. F. Cahalan, and A. Ohmura. 2008. "Deriving historical total solar irradiance from lunar borehole temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett., 35: [10.1029/2007GL032171]

    Marshak, A., G. Wen, J. Coakley, et al. L. Remer, N. Loeb, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "A simple model for the cloud adjacency effect and the apparent bluing of aerosols near clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 113: [10.1029/2007JD009196]

    Sud, Y. C., G. K. Walker, Y. Zhou, et al. G. A. Schmidt, W. K. Lau, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Effects of doubled CO2 on tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) for onset of deep convection and maximum SST: Simulations based inferences." Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (12): L12707 [10.1029/2008GL033872]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, L. Remer, and R. G. Kleidman. 2007. "3D aerosol-cloud radiative interaction observed in collocated MODIS and ASTER images of cumulus cloud fields." J. Geophys. Res., 112: [10.1029/2005JD006686 ]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. Cahalan, and S. Platnick. 2007. "The Plane-Parallel Albedo Bias of Liquid Clouds from MODIS Observations." J. Climate, 20 (20): 5114-5125 [10.1175/JCLI4305.1]

    Varnai, T., and R. F. Cahalan. 2007. "Potential for airborne offbeam lidar measurements of snow and sea ice thickness." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (C12): C12S90 [10.1029/2007JC004091]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, et al. T. Varnai, A. B. Davis, and A. Macke. 2006. "New directions in the radiative transfer of cloudy atmospheres." Eos Trans. AGU, 87 (5): 52 [10.1029/2006EO050006]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of 3D Clouds on Clear Sky Reflectance and Aerosol Retrieval in a Biomass Burning Region of Brazil." IEEE Geo Rem Sens Lett, 3: 169-172.

    Marshak, A., S. E. Platnick, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and R. F. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of three-dimensional radiative effects on satellite retrievals of cloud droplet sizes." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D9): D09207 [10.1029/2005JD006686]

    Anderson, D., and R. F. Cahalan. 2005. "The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Mission for the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS)." Solar Phys, 230 (1): 3-6 [10.1007/s11207-005-1592-6]

    Cahalan, R., L. Oreopoulos, A. Marshak, et al. K. Evans, A. Davis, R. Pincus, K. Yetzer, B. Mayer, R. Davies, T. Ackerman, H. Barker, E. Clothiaux, R. Ellingson, M. Garay, E. Kassianov, S. Kinne, O. Macke, O. Macke, O. Macke, P. Partain, S. Prigarin, A. Rublev, G. Stephens, F. Szczap, E. Takara, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and T. Zhuravleva. 2005. "The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 86 (9): 1275-1293 [10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1275]

    Oreopoulos, L., and R. Cahalan. 2005. "Cloud Inhomogeneity from MODIS." J. Climate, 18 (23): 5110-5124 [10.1175/JCLI3591.1]

    Cahalan, R. F., M. J. Mcgill, J. Kolasinski, T. Varnai, and K. Yetzer. 2005. "THOR—Cloud Thickness from Offbeam Lidar Returns." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22 (6): 605-627 [10.1175/JTECH1740.1]

    Oreopoulos, L., M. Chou, M. Khairoutdinov, H. Barker, and R. Cahalan. 2004. "Performance of Goddard Earth Observing System GCM column radiation models under heterogeneous cloud conditions." Atmospheric Research, 72: 365-382.

    Wen, G., R. F. Cahalan, and B. N. Holben. 2003. "Limitations of ground-based solar irradiance estimates due to atmospheric variations." J. Geophys. Res., 108: [10.1029/2003JD003431]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2003. "Consistency of ARESE II cloud absorption estimates and sampling issues." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D1): 4029 [10.1029/2002JD002243]

    Rozwadowska, A., and R. Cahalan. 2002. "Plane-parallel biases computed from inhomogeneous clouds and sea ice." J Geophys Res, 107: 4384-4401 [10.1029/2002JD002092]

    Davis, A., S. Love, R. Cahalan, and M. McGill. 2002. "Off-beam Lidar senses cloud thickness and density." Laser Focus World, October Issue: 38 [ 101-103]

    Wen, G., R. Cahalan, S.-C. Tsay, and L. Oreopoulos. 2001. "Impact of cumulus cloud spacing on Landsat atmospheric correction and aerosol retrieval." J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D11): 12129-12138 [10.1029/2001JD900159]

    DeFelice, T., and R. F. Cahalan. 2001. "Reply to Comment on 'Landsat 7 reveals more than just surface features in remote areas of the globe' by L. Hubert." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 82 (2): 314-314 [10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0314:REPLY>2.3.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Oreopoulos, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, S.-C. Tsay, and T. DeFelice. 2001. "Cloud characterization and clear sky correction from Landsat 7." Remote Sens Environ, 78 (1-2): 83-98 [10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00251-6]

    DeFelice, T., J. Meyer, G. Xian, J. Christopherson, and R. Cahalan. 2000. "Landsat 7 reveals more than just surface features in remote areas of the globe." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 81: 1047-1049.

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and G. Wen. 2000. "Cloud three-dimensional effects evidenced in Landsat spatial power spectra and autocorrelation functions." J Geophys Res, 105 (D11): 14777-14788 [10.1029/2000JD900153]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. F. Cahalan, A. Marshak, and G. Wen. 2000. "A new normalized difference cloud retrieval technique applied to Landsat radiances over the Oklahoma ARM Site." J Appl Meteor, 39 (12): 2305-2320 [10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<2305:ANNDCR>2.0.CO;2]

    Wen, G., S.-C. Tsay, R. F. Cahalan, and L. Oreopoulos. 1999. "Path radiance technique for retrieving aerosol optical thickness over land." J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D24): 31321-31332 [10.1029/1999JD900964]

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc., 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., R. F. Cahalan, J. D. Spinhirne, M. J. Mcgill, and S. P. Love. 1999. "Off-beam lidar: An emerging technique in cloud remote sensing based on radiative Green-function theory in the diffusion domain." Phys Chem Earth - B, 24: 177-185.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 103: 19557-19567.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36:

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate, 11: 431-446.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 54: 1423-1444.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 16619-16637.

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res., 54: 241-260.

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals, 5: 129-166.

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1538-1558.

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Wharton, and M.-L. Wu. 1996. "Empirical Orthogonal Functions of monthly temperature and precipitation over the United States and homogeneous stochastic models ." J. Geophys. Res., 101: 26309-26318 [10.1029/96JD01611]

    Cahalan, R. F., and L. Green. 1996. "Review of "Introduction to Circulating Atmospheres" by I. James." Amer. Sci., 84: 602-603.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Gollmer, S., H. Harshvardhan, R. F. Cahalan, and J. Snider. 1995. "Windowed and wavelet analysis of marine stratocumulus cloud inhomogeneity." J. Geophys. Res., 52: 3013-3030.

    Cahalan, R. F., D. S. Silberstein, and J. Snider. 1995. "Liquid water path and plane-parallel albedo bias during ASTEX." J. Atmos. Sci., 52: 3002-3012 [10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<3002:LWPAPP>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev., E49: 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res., 99: 8055-8072.

    Cahalan, R. F. 1994. "Bounded cascade clouds - albedo and effective thickness." Nonlinear Proc. Geophys., 1: 156-167 [10.5194/npg-1-156-1994]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Gollmer, and Harshvardhan. 1994. "Independent pixel and Monte Carlo estimates of stratocumulus albedo." J. Atmos. Sci, 51: 3776-3790 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<3776:IPAMCE>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, T. L. Bell, and J. B. Snider. 1994. "The albedo of fractal stratocumulus clouds." J. Atmos. Sci, 51: 2434-2455 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2434:TAOFSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals, 3: 702-710.

    Cahalan, R. F. 1992. "Kuwait oil fires as seen by Landsat." J. Geophys. Res., 97: 14565-14571 [10.1029/92JD00799]

    Joseph, J., and R. F. Cahalan. 1990. "Nearest-neighbor spacing in fair weather cumulus." J. Appl. Meteor., 29: 793-805.

    Cioffi, D., R. F. Cahalan, and D. T. Leisawitz. 1990. "Turbulence in an IRAS Cirrus Cloud." Bull. Amer. Astro. Soc., 22: 1246-1247.

    Cahalan, R. F., H. Leidecker, and G. Cahalan. 1990. "Chaotic rhythms of a dripping faucet." Computers in Physics, 4: 368-383 [10.1063/1.4822928]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. H. Joseph. 1989. "Fractal statistics of cloud fields." Mon. Wea. Rev., 261-272 [10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<0261:FSOCF>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. B. Snider. 1989. "Marine stratocumulus structure." Remote Sens. Environ., 95-107 [10.1016/0034-4257(89)90108-9]

    Cahalan, R. F., and L. S. Chiu. 1986. "Large-scale short-period sea ice-atmosphere interaction." J. Geophys. Res., 10709-10717 [10.1029/JC091iC09p10709]

    Short, D. A., and R. F. Cahalan. 1983. "Interannual variability and climatic noise in satellite-observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 572-577 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0572:IVACNI>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., T. L. Bell, R. F. Cahalan, and F. J. Moeng. 1982. "Sampling errors in the estimation of Empirical Orthogonal Functions." Mon. Wea. Rev., 699-706 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0699:SEITEO>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., F. J. Moeng, T. L. Bell, and R. F. Cahalan. 1982. "The latitude dependence of the variance of zonally averaged quantities." Mon. Wea. Rev., 319-326 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0319:TLDOTV>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., D. A. Short, and G. R. North. 1982. "Cloud fluctuation statistics." Mon. Wea. Rev., 110 (1): 26-43 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0026:CFS>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., and R. F. Cahalan. 1981. "Predictability in a Solvable Stochastic Climate Model." J. Atmos. Sci., 38 (3): 504-513 [10.1175/1520-0469(1981)038<0504:PIASSC>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., R. F. Cahalan, and J. A. Coakley Jr.. 1981. "Energy-balance climate models." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 19 (1): 91-121 [10.1029/RG019i001p00091]

    Salmun, H., R. F. Cahalan, and G. R. North. 1980. "Latitude-dependent sensitivity to stationary perturbations in simple climate models." J. Atmos. Sci., 1874-1879 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<1874:LDSTSP>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and G. R. North. 1979. "A stability theorem for energy-balance climate models." J. Atmos. Sci., 36 (7): 1178-1188 [10.1175/1520-0469(1979)036<1178:ASTFEB>2.0.CO;2]

    Balachandran, A. P., S. Borchardt, S. S. Chang, et al. A. Stern, R. F. Cahalan, R. Ramachandran, and H. Rupertsberger. 1978. "Rotationally invariant approximation to charge-monopole scattering." Phys. Rev., D17: 1136-1149 [10.1103/PhysRevD.17.1136]

    Balachandran, A. P., S. Borchardt, S. S. Chang, et al. A. Stern, R. F. Cahalan, R. Ramachandran, and H. Rupertsberger. 1978. "Analyticity of the charge-monopole scattering amplitude." Phys. Rev. D, 17: 1150-1154 [10.1103/PhysRevD.17.1150]

    Cahalan, R. F., and D. Knight. 1976. "Construction of planar diagrams." Phys. Rev., D14: 2126-2136 [10.1103/PhysRevD.14.2126]

    Cahalan, R. F., K. A. Geer, J. Kogut, and L. Susskind. 1975. "Asymptotic freedom and the "absence" of vector-gluon exchange in wide-angle hadronic collisions." Phys. Rev. D, 11 (5): 1199-1212 [10.1103/PhysRevD.11.1199]

    Cahalan, R. F., and K. O. Mikaelian. 1974. "Zo effect in lepton-pair photoproduction." Phys. Rev., D10: 3769-3779 [10.1103/PhysRevD.10.3769]

    Cahalan, R. F., and P. H. Frampton. 1974. "Spontaneous symmetry breakdown and Regge intercepts." Phys. Letters, B: 475-478 [10.1016/0370-2693(74)90264-0]

    Cahalan, R. F. 1974. "Zo photoproduction at high energy." Phys. Rev., D9: 257-272 [10.1103/PhysRevD.9.257]

    Cahalan, R. F. 1972. "Cluster expansion in a renormalizable theory: The elastic form factor." Phys. Rev. D, 5 (12): 2999-3021 [10.1103/PhysRevD.5.2999]

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Robert F. Cahalan has been doing scientific research for more than 40 years, is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and a recipient of numerous awards for scientific research, including the United States Outstanding Leadership and Service Medal. Dr. Cahalan is Director of the Sun-Climate Research Center at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt Maryland, and recently retired as Chief of Goddard’s Climate and Radiation Laboratory. He is President Emeritus of the International Radiation Commission. He contributed to several Assessment Reports of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), including the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) that garnered the 2007 Nobel Prize. In 2006 Cahalan, with his wife Maggie Cahalan, and Joan Clement, co-founded the Chesapeake Education, Arts, and Research Society, CHEARS, a 501c3 non-profit dedicated to the health of all in the Chesapeake Watershed. 

    Publications

    Refereed

    Lee, J. N., R. F. Cahalan, and D. Wu. 2016. "Solar Rotational Modulations of Spectral Irradiance and Correlations with the Variability of Total Solar Irradiance." J. Space Weather Space Climate 6 (A33): [http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2016028]

    Lee, J. N., R. F. Cahalan, and D. L. Wu. 2015. "The 27-Day Rotational Variations in Total Solar Irradiance Observations: from SORCE/TIM, ACRIM III, and SOHO/VIRGO ." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 64-73 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.07.001]

    Woods, T., R. F. Cahalan, W. Denig, et al. G. Kopp, P. Pilewskie, and T. Sparn. 2014. "Rapid coordination extends space-based sun-climate record." EOS 95 429-430 [10.1002/2014EO470002]

    Woods, T., G. Rottman, R. F. Cahalan, et al. J. Harder, G. Kopp, J. Lean, and M. Snow. 2013. "The SORCE mission celebrates ten years." The Earth Observer 25 (1): 3-13

    Wen, G., R. F. Cahalan, J. D. Haigh, et al. P. Pilewskie, L. Oreopoulos, and J. W. Harder. 2013. "Reconciliation of modeled climate responses to spectral solar forcing." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (12): 6281–6289 [10.1002/jgrd.50506]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. C. Levy, et al. L. A. Remer, N. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Improvement of MODIS aerosol retrievals near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (16): 9168-9181 [10.1002/jgrd.50617]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. Fischer. 2013. "Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere and Ocean (IRS2012): Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium (IRC/IAMAS)." 1531 1-970 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1063/1.4804695]

    Sun, M., J. Li, C. Yang, et al. G. A. Schmidt, M. Bambacus, R. Cahalan, Q. Huang, C. Xu, E. U. Noble, and Z. Li. 2012. "A Web-Based Geovisual Analytical System for Climate Studies." Future Internet 4 (4): 1069-1085 [10.3390/fi4041069]

    Pounder, N., R. Hogan, T. Varnai, A. Battaglia, and R. F. Cahalan. 2012. "A Variational Method to Retrieve the Extinction Profile in Liquid Clouds Using Multiple-Field-of-View Lidar." J Appl Meteor Climatol 51 (2): 350-365 [10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05007.1]

    Cahalan, R. F., G. Wen, J. W. Harder, and P. Pilewskie. 2010. "Temperature responses to spectral solar variability on decadal time scales." Geophysical Research Letters 37 (7): [10.1029/2009gl041898]

    Oreopoulos, L., S. E. Platnick, G. Hong, P. Yang, and R. F. Cahalan. 2009. "The Shortwave Radiative Forcing Bias of Homogeneous Liquid and Ice Clouds Observed by MODIS." [PowerPoint slides] Retrieved from Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation (IRS 2008 Proceedings)

    Oreopoulos, L., S. Platnick, G. Hong, P. Yang, and R. Cahalan. 2009. "The shortwave radiative forcing bias of liquid and ice clouds from MODIS observations." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (16): 5865-5875 [10.5194/acp-9-5865-2009]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Importance of molecular Rayleigh scattering in the enhancement of clear sky radiance in the vicinity of boundary layer cumulus clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 113 [10.1029/2008JD010592]

    Miyahara, H., G. Wen, R. F. Cahalan, and A. Ohmura. 2008. "Deriving historical total solar irradiance from lunar borehole temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett. 35 [10.1029/2007GL032171]

    Marshak, A., G. Wen, J. Coakley, et al. L. Remer, N. Loeb, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "A simple model for the cloud adjacency effect and the apparent bluing of aerosols near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 113 [10.1029/2007JD009196]

    Sud, Y. C., G. K. Walker, Y. Zhou, et al. G. A. Schmidt, W. K. Lau, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Effects of doubled CO2 on tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) for onset of deep convection and maximum SST: Simulations based inferences." Geophysical Research Letters 35 (12): L12707 [10.1029/2008GL033872]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, L. Remer, and R. G. Kleidman. 2007. "3D aerosol-cloud radiative interaction observed in collocated MODIS and ASTER images of cumulus cloud fields." J. Geophys. Res. 112 [10.1029/2005JD006686 ]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. Cahalan, and S. Platnick. 2007. "The Plane-Parallel Albedo Bias of Liquid Clouds from MODIS Observations." J. Climate 20 (20): 5114-5125 [10.1175/JCLI4305.1]

    Varnai, T., and R. F. Cahalan. 2007. "Potential for airborne offbeam lidar measurements of snow and sea ice thickness." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (C12): C12S90 [10.1029/2007JC004091]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, et al. T. Varnai, A. B. Davis, and A. Macke. 2006. "New directions in the radiative transfer of cloudy atmospheres." Eos Trans. AGU 87 (5): 52 [10.1029/2006EO050006]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of 3D Clouds on Clear Sky Reflectance and Aerosol Retrieval in a Biomass Burning Region of Brazil." IEEE Geo Rem Sens Lett 3 169-172

    Marshak, A., S. E. Platnick, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and R. F. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of three-dimensional radiative effects on satellite retrievals of cloud droplet sizes." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09207 [10.1029/2005JD006686]

    Anderson, D., and R. F. Cahalan. 2005. "The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Mission for the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS)." Solar Phys 230 (1): 3-6 [10.1007/s11207-005-1592-6]

    Cahalan, R., L. Oreopoulos, A. Marshak, et al. K. Evans, A. Davis, R. Pincus, K. Yetzer, B. Mayer, R. Davies, T. Ackerman, H. Barker, E. Clothiaux, R. Ellingson, M. Garay, E. Kassianov, S. Kinne, O. Macke, O. Macke, O. Macke, P. Partain, S. Prigarin, A. Rublev, G. Stephens, F. Szczap, E. Takara, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and T. Zhuravleva. 2005. "The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 86 (9): 1275-1293 [10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1275]

    Oreopoulos, L., and R. Cahalan. 2005. "Cloud Inhomogeneity from MODIS." J. Climate 18 (23): 5110-5124 [10.1175/JCLI3591.1]

    Cahalan, R. F., M. J. Mcgill, J. Kolasinski, T. Varnai, and K. Yetzer. 2005. "THOR—Cloud Thickness from Offbeam Lidar Returns." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 22 (6): 605-627 [10.1175/JTECH1740.1]

    Oreopoulos, L., M. Chou, M. Khairoutdinov, H. Barker, and R. Cahalan. 2004. "Performance of Goddard Earth Observing System GCM column radiation models under heterogeneous cloud conditions." Atmospheric Research 72 365-382

    Wen, G., R. F. Cahalan, and B. N. Holben. 2003. "Limitations of ground-based solar irradiance estimates due to atmospheric variations." J. Geophys. Res. 108 [10.1029/2003JD003431]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2003. "Consistency of ARESE II cloud absorption estimates and sampling issues." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D1): 4029 [10.1029/2002JD002243]

    Rozwadowska, A., and R. Cahalan. 2002. "Plane-parallel biases computed from inhomogeneous clouds and sea ice." J Geophys Res 107 4384-4401 [10.1029/2002JD002092]

    Davis, A., S. Love, R. Cahalan, and M. McGill. 2002. "Off-beam Lidar senses cloud thickness and density." Laser Focus World October Issue 38 [ 101-103]

    Wen, G., R. Cahalan, S.-C. Tsay, and L. Oreopoulos. 2001. "Impact of cumulus cloud spacing on Landsat atmospheric correction and aerosol retrieval." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D11): 12129-12138 [10.1029/2001JD900159]

    DeFelice, T., and R. F. Cahalan. 2001. "Reply to Comment on 'Landsat 7 reveals more than just surface features in remote areas of the globe' by L. Hubert." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 82 (2): 314-314 [10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0314:REPLY>2.3.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Oreopoulos, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, S.-C. Tsay, and T. DeFelice. 2001. "Cloud characterization and clear sky correction from Landsat 7." Remote Sens Environ 78 (1-2): 83-98 [10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00251-6]

    DeFelice, T., J. Meyer, G. Xian, J. Christopherson, and R. Cahalan. 2000. "Landsat 7 reveals more than just surface features in remote areas of the globe." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 81 1047-1049

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and G. Wen. 2000. "Cloud three-dimensional effects evidenced in Landsat spatial power spectra and autocorrelation functions." J Geophys Res 105 (D11): 14777-14788 [10.1029/2000JD900153]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. F. Cahalan, A. Marshak, and G. Wen. 2000. "A new normalized difference cloud retrieval technique applied to Landsat radiances over the Oklahoma ARM Site." J Appl Meteor 39 (12): 2305-2320 [10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<2305:ANNDCR>2.0.CO;2]

    Wen, G., S.-C. Tsay, R. F. Cahalan, and L. Oreopoulos. 1999. "Path radiance technique for retrieving aerosol optical thickness over land." J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24): 31321-31332 [10.1029/1999JD900964]

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc. 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett. 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., R. F. Cahalan, J. D. Spinhirne, M. J. Mcgill, and S. P. Love. 1999. "Off-beam lidar: An emerging technique in cloud remote sensing based on radiative Green-function theory in the diffusion domain." Phys Chem Earth - B 24 177-185

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 103 19557-19567

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate 11 431-446

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 54 1423-1444

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res. 102 16619-16637

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res. 54 241-260

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals 5 129-166

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1538-1558

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Wharton, and M.-L. Wu. 1996. "Empirical Orthogonal Functions of monthly temperature and precipitation over the United States and homogeneous stochastic models ." J. Geophys. Res. 101 26309-26318 [10.1029/96JD01611]

    Cahalan, R. F., and L. Green. 1996. "Review of "Introduction to Circulating Atmospheres" by I. James." Amer. Sci. 84 602-603

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 100 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Gollmer, S., H. Harshvardhan, R. F. Cahalan, and J. Snider. 1995. "Windowed and wavelet analysis of marine stratocumulus cloud inhomogeneity." J. Geophys. Res. 52 3013-3030

    Cahalan, R. F., D. S. Silberstein, and J. Snider. 1995. "Liquid water path and plane-parallel albedo bias during ASTEX." J. Atmos. Sci. 52 3002-3012 [10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<3002:LWPAPP>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev. E49 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res. 99 8055-8072

    Cahalan, R. F. 1994. "Bounded cascade clouds - albedo and effective thickness." Nonlinear Proc. Geophys. 1 156-167 [10.5194/npg-1-156-1994]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Gollmer, and Harshvardhan. 1994. "Independent pixel and Monte Carlo estimates of stratocumulus albedo." J. Atmos. Sci 51 3776-3790 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<3776:IPAMCE>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, T. L. Bell, and J. B. Snider. 1994. "The albedo of fractal stratocumulus clouds." J. Atmos. Sci 51 2434-2455 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2434:TAOFSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals 3 702-710

    Cahalan, R. F. 1992. "Kuwait oil fires as seen by Landsat." J. Geophys. Res. 97 14565-14571 [10.1029/92JD00799]

    Joseph, J., and R. F. Cahalan. 1990. "Nearest-neighbor spacing in fair weather cumulus." J. Appl. Meteor. 29 793-805

    Cioffi, D., R. F. Cahalan, and D. T. Leisawitz. 1990. "Turbulence in an IRAS Cirrus Cloud." Bull. Amer. Astro. Soc. 22 1246-1247

    Cahalan, R. F., H. Leidecker, and G. Cahalan. 1990. "Chaotic rhythms of a dripping faucet." Computers in Physics 4 368-383 [10.1063/1.4822928]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. H. Joseph. 1989. "Fractal statistics of cloud fields." Mon. Wea. Rev. 261-272 [10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<0261:FSOCF>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and J. B. Snider. 1989. "Marine stratocumulus structure." Remote Sens. Environ. 95-107 [10.1016/0034-4257(89)90108-9]

    Cahalan, R. F., and L. S. Chiu. 1986. "Large-scale short-period sea ice-atmosphere interaction." J. Geophys. Res. 10709-10717 [10.1029/JC091iC09p10709]

    Short, D. A., and R. F. Cahalan. 1983. "Interannual variability and climatic noise in satellite-observed Outgoing Longwave Radiation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 572-577 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0572:IVACNI>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., T. L. Bell, R. F. Cahalan, and F. J. Moeng. 1982. "Sampling errors in the estimation of Empirical Orthogonal Functions." Mon. Wea. Rev. 699-706 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0699:SEITEO>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., F. J. Moeng, T. L. Bell, and R. F. Cahalan. 1982. "The latitude dependence of the variance of zonally averaged quantities." Mon. Wea. Rev. 319-326 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0319:TLDOTV>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., D. A. Short, and G. R. North. 1982. "Cloud fluctuation statistics." Mon. Wea. Rev. 110 (1): 26-43 [10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0026:CFS>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., and R. F. Cahalan. 1981. "Predictability in a Solvable Stochastic Climate Model." J. Atmos. Sci. 38 (3): 504-513 [10.1175/1520-0469(1981)038<0504:PIASSC>2.0.CO;2]

    North, G. R., R. F. Cahalan, and J. A. Coakley Jr.. 1981. "Energy-balance climate models." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 19 (1): 91-121 [10.1029/RG019i001p00091]

    Salmun, H., R. F. Cahalan, and G. R. North. 1980. "Latitude-dependent sensitivity to stationary perturbations in simple climate models." J. Atmos. Sci. 1874-1879 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<1874:LDSTSP>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and G. R. North. 1979. "A stability theorem for energy-balance climate models." J. Atmos. Sci. 36 (7): 1178-1188 [10.1175/1520-0469(1979)036<1178:ASTFEB>2.0.CO;2]

    Balachandran, A. P., S. Borchardt, S. S. Chang, et al. A. Stern, R. F. Cahalan, R. Ramachandran, and H. Rupertsberger. 1978. "Rotationally invariant approximation to charge-monopole scattering." Phys. Rev. D17 1136-1149 [10.1103/PhysRevD.17.1136]

    Balachandran, A. P., S. Borchardt, S. S. Chang, et al. A. Stern, R. F. Cahalan, R. Ramachandran, and H. Rupertsberger. 1978. "Analyticity of the charge-monopole scattering amplitude." Phys. Rev. D 17 1150-1154 [10.1103/PhysRevD.17.1150]

    Cahalan, R. F., and D. Knight. 1976. "Construction of planar diagrams." Phys. Rev. D14 2126-2136 [10.1103/PhysRevD.14.2126]

    Cahalan, R. F., K. A. Geer, J. Kogut, and L. Susskind. 1975. "Asymptotic freedom and the "absence" of vector-gluon exchange in wide-angle hadronic collisions." Phys. Rev. D 11 (5): 1199-1212 [10.1103/PhysRevD.11.1199]

    Cahalan, R. F., and K. O. Mikaelian. 1974. "Zo effect in lepton-pair photoproduction." Phys. Rev. D10 3769-3779 [10.1103/PhysRevD.10.3769]

    Cahalan, R. F., and P. H. Frampton. 1974. "Spontaneous symmetry breakdown and Regge intercepts." Phys. Letters B 475-478 [10.1016/0370-2693(74)90264-0]

    Cahalan, R. F. 1974. "Zo photoproduction at high energy." Phys. Rev. D9 257-272 [10.1103/PhysRevD.9.257]

    Cahalan, R. F. 1972. "Cluster expansion in a renormalizable theory: The elastic form factor." Phys. Rev. D 5 (12): 2999-3021 [10.1103/PhysRevD.5.2999]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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