Frank G Lemoine

Frank G Lemoine

  • RSCH AST, SOLID EARTH GEOPHYSICAL STD
  • 301.614.6109 | 301.614.6522
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 61A
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Positions/Employment

    1995 - Present

    Geodesist

    NASA GSFC, Greenbelt

    Education

    1992, Ph.D University of Colorado, Boulder.

    Professional Service

    • Co-I Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL), NASA Discovery Mission.  
    • Co-I GRACE Science Team.
    • Co-I Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA), Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).
    • Co-I Gravity Science Team, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
    • MESSENGER: Member Radio Science Team.                                                
    •  Jason-2 (OSTM, Ocean Surface Topography Mission), Co-Chair POD Team.
    •  International DORIS Service (IDS): Analysis Coordinator and Member of the IDS Governing Board (2006-Present).                                                                                                               
    • International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS): Member Central Bureau.
    • GEOSAT Follow-On: NASA POD Team Leader (1998-2008).
    • Clementine Geodesy (Gravity & Laser Altimeter) Team, Co-I.
    • Mars Global Surveyor: Radio Science Team & Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter Team, 1996-2006.
    • Earth Gravitational Model 1996 (EGM96): NASA Development Team Leader.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Smith, D. E., M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, et al. E. Mazarico, F. G. Lemoine, J. W. Head, P. G. Lucey, O. Aharonson, M. S. Robinson, X. Sun, M. H. Torrence, M. K. Barker, J. Oberst, T. C. Duxbury, D. Mao, O. S. Barnouin, K. Jha, D. D. Rowlands, S. Goossens, D. Baker, S. Bauer, P. Gläser, M. Lemelin, M. Rosenburg, M. M. Sori, J. Whitten, and T. Mcclanahan. 2017. "Summary of the Results from the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter after Seven Years in Lunar Orbit." Icarus, 283: 70-91 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.06.006]

    Genova, A., S. Goossens, F. G. Lemoine, et al. E. Mazarico, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2016. "Seasonal and static gravity field of Mars from MGS, Mars Odyssey and MRO radio science." Icarus, 272: 228-245 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.02.050]

    Moreaux, G., F. Lemoine, D. Argus, et al. A. Santamaría-Gómez, P. Willis, L. Soudarin, M. Gravelle, and P. Ferrage. 2016. "Horizontal and vertical velocities derived from the IDS contribution to ITRF2014, and comparisons with geophysical models." Geophysical Journal International, 207: 209-227 [10.1093/gji/ggw265]

    Lemoine, F., D. Chinn, N. Zelensky, J. Beall, and K. Le Bail. 2016. "The Development of the GSFC DORIS Contribution to ITRF2014." Advances in Space Research, (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.043]

    Genova, A., S. J. Goossens, F. G. Lemoine, et al. E. Mazarico, S. K. Fricke, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2015. "Long-term variability of CO2 and O in the Mars upper atmosphere from MRO radio science data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, [10.1002/2014JE004770]

    Willis, P., F. G. Lemoine, G. Moreaux, et al. L. Soudarin, P. Ferrage, J. Ries, M. Otten, J. Saunier, C. Noll, R. Biancale, and B. Luzum. 2015. "The International DORIS Service (IDS): Recent Developments in Preparation for ITRF2013." International Association of Geodesy Symposia, 143: 1-9 [10.1007/1345_2015_164]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. B. D. Beckley, O. Bordyugov, X. Yang, J. T. Wimert, and D. E. Pavlis. 2015. "Towards the 1-cm SARAL orbit." Advances in Space Research, (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.011]

    Moreaux, G., F. G. Lemoine, H. Capdeville, et al. S. Kuzin, M. Otten, P. Štěpánek, P. Willis, and P. Ferrage. 2015. "The International DORIS Service contribution to the 2014 realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame." Advances in Space Research, (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.021]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. S. Melachroinos, B. D. Beckley, J. L. Beall, and O. Bordyugov. 2014. "Estimated SLR station position and network frame sensitivity to time-varying gravity." J. Geodesy, 88 (6): 517-537 [10.1007/s00190-014-0701-4]

    Lemoine, F. G., S. J. Goossens, T. J. Sabaka, et al. J. B. Nicholas, E. M. Mazarico, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Loomis, D. S. Chinn, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2014. "GRGM900C: A degree-900 lunar gravity model from GRAIL primary and extended mission data." Geophys. Res. Lett., 41 (10): 3382-3389 [10.1002/2014GL060027]

    Goossens, S. J., T. J. Sabaka, J. B. Nicholas, et al. F. G. Lemoine, D. D. Rowlands, E. M. Mazarico, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2014. "High-resolution local gravity model of the south pole of the Moon from GRAIL extended mission data." Geophys. Res. Lett., 41 (10): 3367-3374 [10.1002/2014GL060178]

    Melachroinos, S., F. G. Lemoine, N. P. Zelensky, et al. D. D. Rowlands, S. B. Luthcke, and O. Bordyugov. 2013. "The effect of geocenter motion on Jason-2 orbits and the mean sea level." Adv. Space Res., 51 (8): 1323—1334 [10.1016/j.asr.2012.06.004]

    Lemoine, F. G., S. J. Goossens, T. J. Sabaka, et al. J. B. Nicholas, E. M. Mazarico, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Loomis, D. S. Chinn, D. S. Caprette, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2013. "High-degree gravity models from GRAIL primary mission data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, 118: 1676-1698 [10.1002/jgre.20118]

    Melachroinos, S., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. N. P. Zelensky, J. B. Nicholas, and B. D. Beckley. 2013. "The effect of seasonal and long-period geopotential variations on the GPS orbits." GPS Solutions, [10.1007/s10291-013-0346-4]

    Wiese, D. N., R. S. Nerem, and F. G. Lemoine. 2012. "Design considerations for a dedicated gravity recovery satellite mission consisting of two pairs of satellites." J. Geodesy, 86 (2): 81-98 [10.1007/s00190-011-0493-8]

    Goossens, S. J., K. Matsumoto, D. D. Rowlands, et al. F. G. Lemoine, H. Noda, and H. Araki. 2011. "Orbit determination of the SELENE satellites using multi-satellite data types and evaluation of SELENE gravity field models." J. Geodesy, 85: 487-504 [10.1007/s00190-011-0446-2]

    Lemoine, F. G., N. P. Zelensky, D. S. Chinn, et al. D. E. Pavlis, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Beckley, S. B. Luthcke, P. Willis, M. Ziebart, A. Sibthorpe, J. P. Boy, and V. Luceri. 2010. "Towards development of a consistent orbit series for TOPEX/Poseidon Jason-1 and Jason-2." Adv. Space Res., 46: 1513-1540 [10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.007]

    Valette, J. J., F. G. Lemoine, P. Ferrage, et al. P. Yaya, Z. Altamimi, P. Willis, and L. Soudarin. 2010. "IDS Contribution to ITRF2008." Adv. Space Res., 46 (12): 1614-1632 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.029]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, M. Ziebart, et al. A. Sibthorpe, P. Willis, B. D. Beckley, S. M. Klosko, D. S. Chinn, D. D. Rowlands, S. B. Luthcke, D. E. Pavlis, and V. Luceri. 2010. "DORIS/SLR POD modeling improvements for Jason-1 and Jason-2." Adv. Space Res., 46 (12): 1541-1558 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.008]

    Ray, R. D., B. D. Beckley, and F. G. Lemoine. 2010. "Vertical crustal motion derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges, and comparisons with DORIS measurements." Adv. Space Res., 45 (12): 1510-1522 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.020]

    Mazarico, E. M., F. G. Lemoine, S.-C. Han, and D. E. Smith. 2010. "GLGM-3, a Degree-150 Lunar Gravity Model from the Historical Tracking Data of NASA Moon Orbiters." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, 115 (E5): E05001 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2009JE003472]

    Le Bail, K., F. G. Lemoine, and D. S. Chinn. 2010. "GSFC DORIS contribution to ITRF2008." Adv. in Space Res., 45 (12): 1481-1499 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.asr.2010.01.030]

    Rowlands, D. D., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, and S. B. Luthcke. 2009. "A simulation study of multi-beam altimetry for lunar reconnaissance orbiter and other planetary missions ." J. Geodesy , Vol 83 (8): 709-721 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1007/s00190-008-0285-y]

    Mazarico, E. M., M. T. Zuber, F. G. Lemoine, and D. E. Smith. 2009. "Effects of Self-Shadowing on Nonconservative Force Modeling for Mars-Orbiting Spacecraft ." Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets , 46 (3): 662-669 [Full Text (Link)] [10.2514/1.41679]

    Forbes, J. M., F. G. Lemoine, S. Bruinsma, and M. D. Smith. 2008. "Solar flux variability of Mars' exosphere densities and temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett., 35 (1): L0201 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2007GL031904]

    Mazarico, E. M., M. Zuber, F. G. Lemoine, and D. E. Smith. 2008. "Observation of atmospheric tides in the Martian exosphere using Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter radio tracking data." Geophys. Res. Lett., 35 (L09202): [10.1029/2008GL033388 ]

    Rowlands, D. D., R. D. Ray, D. S. Chinn, and F. G. Lemoine. 2002. "Short-arc analysis of intersatellite tracking data in a gravity mapping mission." J. Geodesy, 76: 307-316 [ 10.1007/s00190-002-0255-8]

    Bruinsma, S., and F. G. Lemoine. 2002. "A preliminary semiempirical thermosphere model of Mars: DTM-Mars." J Geophys Res.-Planets, 107 (E10): 5085 [10.1029/2001JE001508]

    Ray, R., R. Eanes, and F. Lemoine. 2001. "Constraints on energy dissipation in the earth's body tide from satellite tracking and altimetry." Geophysical Journal International, 144: 471-480 [ 10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00356.x]

    Lemoine, F. G., D. E. Smith, D. D. Rowlands, et al. M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, D. S. Chinn, and D. E. Pavlis. 2001. "An improved solution of the gravity field of Mars (GMM-2B) from Mars Global Surveyor." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, 106 (E10): 23359-23376 [10.1029/2000JE001426 ]

    Rowlands, D. D., D. E. Pavlis, F. G. Lemoine, G. A. Neumann, and S. B. Luthcke. 1999. "The use of laser altimetry in the orbit and attitude determination of Mars Global Surveyor." Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 (9): 1191-1194 [ 10.1029/1999GL900223]

    Smith, D. E., W. L. Sjogren, G. L. Tyler, et al. G. Balmino, F. G. Lemoine, and A. S. Konopliv. 1999. "The gravity field of Mars: Results from Mars global surveyor." Science, 286 (5437): 94-97 [10.1126/science.286.5437.94 ]

    Lemoine, F. G., D. E. Smith, M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, and D. D. Rowlands. 1997. "A 70th degree lunar gravity model (GLGM-2) from Clementine and other tracking data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets, 102 (E7): 16339-16359 [ 10.1029/97JE01418]

    Smith, D. E., F. G. Lemoine, and M. T. Zuber. 1995. "Simultaneous estimation of the masses of Mars, Phobos, and Deimos using spacecraft distant encounters, ." Geophys. Res. Lett., 22 (16): 2171-2174 [10.1029/95GL01801]

    Bills, B. G., and F. G. Lemoine. 1995. "Gravitational and topographic isotropy of the Earth, Moon, Mars, and Venus." J. Geophys. Res-Planets,, 100 (E12): 26275-26295 [10.1029/95JE02982]

    Non-Refereed

    Lemoine, F. G., S. B. Luthcke, D. D. Rowlands, et al. D. S. Chinn, S. M. Klosko, and C. M. Cox. 2007. "The use of mascons to resolve time-variable gravity from GRACE." DYNAMIC PLANET: MONITORING AND UNDERSTANDING A DYNAMIC PLANET WITH GEODETIC AND OCEANOGRAPHIC TOOLS 130 (IAG Symposia): 231-236, ISBN: 978-3-540-49349.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Smith, D. E., M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, et al. E. Mazarico, F. G. Lemoine, J. W. Head, P. G. Lucey, O. Aharonson, M. S. Robinson, X. Sun, M. H. Torrence, M. K. Barker, J. Oberst, T. C. Duxbury, D. Mao, O. S. Barnouin, K. Jha, D. D. Rowlands, S. Goossens, D. Baker, S. Bauer, P. Gläser, M. Lemelin, M. Rosenburg, M. M. Sori, J. Whitten, and T. Mcclanahan. 2017. "Summary of the Results from the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter after Seven Years in Lunar Orbit." Icarus 283 70-91 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.06.006]

    Genova, A., S. Goossens, F. G. Lemoine, et al. E. Mazarico, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2016. "Seasonal and static gravity field of Mars from MGS, Mars Odyssey and MRO radio science." Icarus 272 228-245 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.02.050]

    Moreaux, G., F. Lemoine, D. Argus, et al. A. Santamaría-Gómez, P. Willis, L. Soudarin, M. Gravelle, and P. Ferrage. 2016. "Horizontal and vertical velocities derived from the IDS contribution to ITRF2014, and comparisons with geophysical models." Geophysical Journal International 207 209-227 [10.1093/gji/ggw265]

    Lemoine, F., D. Chinn, N. Zelensky, J. Beall, and K. Le Bail. 2016. "The Development of the GSFC DORIS Contribution to ITRF2014." Advances in Space Research (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.043]

    Genova, A., S. J. Goossens, F. G. Lemoine, et al. E. Mazarico, S. K. Fricke, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2015. "Long-term variability of CO2 and O in the Mars upper atmosphere from MRO radio science data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets [10.1002/2014JE004770]

    Willis, P., F. G. Lemoine, G. Moreaux, et al. L. Soudarin, P. Ferrage, J. Ries, M. Otten, J. Saunier, C. Noll, R. Biancale, and B. Luzum. 2015. "The International DORIS Service (IDS): Recent Developments in Preparation for ITRF2013." International Association of Geodesy Symposia 143 1-9 [10.1007/1345_2015_164]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. B. D. Beckley, O. Bordyugov, X. Yang, J. T. Wimert, and D. E. Pavlis. 2015. "Towards the 1-cm SARAL orbit." Advances in Space Research (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.011]

    Moreaux, G., F. G. Lemoine, H. Capdeville, et al. S. Kuzin, M. Otten, P. Štěpánek, P. Willis, and P. Ferrage. 2015. "The International DORIS Service contribution to the 2014 realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame." Advances in Space Research (In Press) [10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.021]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. S. Melachroinos, B. D. Beckley, J. L. Beall, and O. Bordyugov. 2014. "Estimated SLR station position and network frame sensitivity to time-varying gravity." J. Geodesy 88 (6): 517-537 [10.1007/s00190-014-0701-4]

    Lemoine, F. G., S. J. Goossens, T. J. Sabaka, et al. J. B. Nicholas, E. M. Mazarico, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Loomis, D. S. Chinn, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2014. "GRGM900C: A degree-900 lunar gravity model from GRAIL primary and extended mission data." Geophys. Res. Lett. 41 (10): 3382-3389 [10.1002/2014GL060027]

    Goossens, S. J., T. J. Sabaka, J. B. Nicholas, et al. F. G. Lemoine, D. D. Rowlands, E. M. Mazarico, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2014. "High-resolution local gravity model of the south pole of the Moon from GRAIL extended mission data." Geophys. Res. Lett. 41 (10): 3367-3374 [10.1002/2014GL060178]

    Melachroinos, S., F. G. Lemoine, N. P. Zelensky, et al. D. D. Rowlands, S. B. Luthcke, and O. Bordyugov. 2013. "The effect of geocenter motion on Jason-2 orbits and the mean sea level." Adv. Space Res. 51 (8): 1323—1334 [10.1016/j.asr.2012.06.004]

    Lemoine, F. G., S. J. Goossens, T. J. Sabaka, et al. J. B. Nicholas, E. M. Mazarico, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Loomis, D. S. Chinn, D. S. Caprette, G. A. Neumann, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber. 2013. "High-degree gravity models from GRAIL primary mission data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets 118 1676-1698 [10.1002/jgre.20118]

    Melachroinos, S., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, et al. N. P. Zelensky, J. B. Nicholas, and B. D. Beckley. 2013. "The effect of seasonal and long-period geopotential variations on the GPS orbits." GPS Solutions [10.1007/s10291-013-0346-4]

    Wiese, D. N., R. S. Nerem, and F. G. Lemoine. 2012. "Design considerations for a dedicated gravity recovery satellite mission consisting of two pairs of satellites." J. Geodesy 86 (2): 81-98 [10.1007/s00190-011-0493-8]

    Goossens, S. J., K. Matsumoto, D. D. Rowlands, et al. F. G. Lemoine, H. Noda, and H. Araki. 2011. "Orbit determination of the SELENE satellites using multi-satellite data types and evaluation of SELENE gravity field models." J. Geodesy 85 487-504 [10.1007/s00190-011-0446-2]

    Lemoine, F. G., N. P. Zelensky, D. S. Chinn, et al. D. E. Pavlis, D. D. Rowlands, B. D. Beckley, S. B. Luthcke, P. Willis, M. Ziebart, A. Sibthorpe, J. P. Boy, and V. Luceri. 2010. "Towards development of a consistent orbit series for TOPEX/Poseidon Jason-1 and Jason-2." Adv. Space Res. 46 1513-1540 [10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.007]

    Valette, J. J., F. G. Lemoine, P. Ferrage, et al. P. Yaya, Z. Altamimi, P. Willis, and L. Soudarin. 2010. "IDS Contribution to ITRF2008." Adv. Space Res. 46 (12): 1614-1632 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.029]

    Zelensky, N. P., F. G. Lemoine, M. Ziebart, et al. A. Sibthorpe, P. Willis, B. D. Beckley, S. M. Klosko, D. S. Chinn, D. D. Rowlands, S. B. Luthcke, D. E. Pavlis, and V. Luceri. 2010. "DORIS/SLR POD modeling improvements for Jason-1 and Jason-2." Adv. Space Res. 46 (12): 1541-1558 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.008]

    Ray, R. D., B. D. Beckley, and F. G. Lemoine. 2010. "Vertical crustal motion derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges, and comparisons with DORIS measurements." Adv. Space Res. 45 (12): 1510-1522 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.020]

    Mazarico, E. M., F. G. Lemoine, S.-C. Han, and D. E. Smith. 2010. "GLGM-3, a Degree-150 Lunar Gravity Model from the Historical Tracking Data of NASA Moon Orbiters." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets 115 (E5): E05001 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2009JE003472]

    Le Bail, K., F. G. Lemoine, and D. S. Chinn. 2010. "GSFC DORIS contribution to ITRF2008." Adv. in Space Res. 45 (12): 1481-1499 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.asr.2010.01.030]

    Rowlands, D. D., F. G. Lemoine, D. S. Chinn, and S. B. Luthcke. 2009. "A simulation study of multi-beam altimetry for lunar reconnaissance orbiter and other planetary missions ." J. Geodesy Vol 83 (8): 709-721 [Full Text (Link)] [ 10.1007/s00190-008-0285-y]

    Mazarico, E. M., M. T. Zuber, F. G. Lemoine, and D. E. Smith. 2009. "Effects of Self-Shadowing on Nonconservative Force Modeling for Mars-Orbiting Spacecraft ." Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets 46 (3): 662-669 [Full Text (Link)] [10.2514/1.41679]

    Forbes, J. M., F. G. Lemoine, S. Bruinsma, and M. D. Smith. 2008. "Solar flux variability of Mars' exosphere densities and temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett. 35 (1): L0201 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2007GL031904]

    Mazarico, E. M., M. Zuber, F. G. Lemoine, and D. E. Smith. 2008. "Observation of atmospheric tides in the Martian exosphere using Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter radio tracking data." Geophys. Res. Lett. 35 (L09202): [10.1029/2008GL033388 ]

    Rowlands, D. D., R. D. Ray, D. S. Chinn, and F. G. Lemoine. 2002. "Short-arc analysis of intersatellite tracking data in a gravity mapping mission." J. Geodesy 76 307-316 [ 10.1007/s00190-002-0255-8]

    Bruinsma, S., and F. G. Lemoine. 2002. "A preliminary semiempirical thermosphere model of Mars: DTM-Mars." J Geophys Res.-Planets 107 (E10): 5085 [10.1029/2001JE001508]

    Ray, R., R. Eanes, and F. Lemoine. 2001. "Constraints on energy dissipation in the earth's body tide from satellite tracking and altimetry." Geophysical Journal International 144 471-480 [ 10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00356.x]

    Lemoine, F. G., D. E. Smith, D. D. Rowlands, et al. M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, D. S. Chinn, and D. E. Pavlis. 2001. "An improved solution of the gravity field of Mars (GMM-2B) from Mars Global Surveyor." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets 106 (E10): 23359-23376 [10.1029/2000JE001426 ]

    Rowlands, D. D., D. E. Pavlis, F. G. Lemoine, G. A. Neumann, and S. B. Luthcke. 1999. "The use of laser altimetry in the orbit and attitude determination of Mars Global Surveyor." Geophys. Res. Lett. 26 (9): 1191-1194 [ 10.1029/1999GL900223]

    Smith, D. E., W. L. Sjogren, G. L. Tyler, et al. G. Balmino, F. G. Lemoine, and A. S. Konopliv. 1999. "The gravity field of Mars: Results from Mars global surveyor." Science 286 (5437): 94-97 [10.1126/science.286.5437.94 ]

    Lemoine, F. G., D. E. Smith, M. T. Zuber, G. A. Neumann, and D. D. Rowlands. 1997. "A 70th degree lunar gravity model (GLGM-2) from Clementine and other tracking data." J. Geophys. Res.-Planets 102 (E7): 16339-16359 [ 10.1029/97JE01418]

    Smith, D. E., F. G. Lemoine, and M. T. Zuber. 1995. "Simultaneous estimation of the masses of Mars, Phobos, and Deimos using spacecraft distant encounters, ." Geophys. Res. Lett. 22 (16): 2171-2174 [10.1029/95GL01801]

    Bills, B. G., and F. G. Lemoine. 1995. "Gravitational and topographic isotropy of the Earth, Moon, Mars, and Venus." J. Geophys. Res-Planets, 100 (E12): 26275-26295 [10.1029/95JE02982]

    Non-Refereed

    Lemoine, F. G., S. B. Luthcke, D. D. Rowlands, et al. D. S. Chinn, S. M. Klosko, and C. M. Cox. 2007. "The use of mascons to resolve time-variable gravity from GRACE." DYNAMIC PLANET: MONITORING AND UNDERSTANDING A DYNAMIC PLANET WITH GEODETIC AND OCEANOGRAPHIC TOOLS 130 (IAG Symposia): 231-236

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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