Conor Andrew Nixon

Conor Andrew Nixon

  • RESEARCH AST, PLANETARY STUDIES
  • 301.286.6757
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    I am space scientist working in the Planetary Systems Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. I have worked at NASA since 2000 when I joined the Cassini mission team at GSFC. Previously, I studied science in the UK at Oxford and Cambridge Universities, after growing up and attending school in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

    Research Interests

    Remote sensing of Titan's Atmosphere with Cassini CIRS

    Titan, largest moon of Saturn, is a truly enigmatic body: the only moon in the solar system with a substantial atmosphere. Titan's atmosphere is also a chemical factory, where sunlight splits apart basic molecules - methane (CH4) and nitrogen (N2) - recombining the pieces to make ever more complex compounds. Each molcular species has its own unique infrared signature, and by using the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini we can measure the amounts of each that is present. Titan's complex organic chemistry is thought to be similar now to that of the Earth in the distant past - before the rise of life - and may inform us as to the basic building blocks of life could be formed.

    Composition and Chemistry of Jupiter's Atmosphere

    Using data from Galileo (NIMS), Cassini (CIRS) and other facilities, I model the infrared emissions from the atmosphere to learn about the composition, and distribution of molecules in Jupiter's atmosphere. This informs us about the chemistry and dynamics occuring there.

    Missions to the outer planets

    I have worked on the Cassini mission since graduate school, when I helped to build and test the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) instrument that is carried onboard. Cassini is now in orbit at Saturn, and my work is focused on the scientific analysis of the data. However I continue to be actively involved in developing future instruments - and even whole missions - that may one day get the chance to fly in space and continue NASA's exploration of the outer solar system.

    Current Projects

    Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer

    I am the currently the Deputy PI (Principal Investigator) on Cassini's Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) instrument team.

    Positions/Employment

    2012 - Present

    Research Space Scientist

    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD Deputy Principal Investigator of Cassini CIRS. Science and science planning for CIRS. Development of future instruments and missions for exploration of the outer planets.
    2009 - 2012

    Associate Research Scientist

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD Co-Investigator on the Cassini CIRS; science and science planning for Titan.
    2004 - 2009

    Assistant Research Scientist

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD Scientific Analysis of Cassini data; operations of the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS).
    2000 - 2004

    Research Associate

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD Analysis of data from the Cassini CIRS spectrometer; including composition and dynamics of Jupiter's stratosphere.
    1998 - 2000

    Post-Doctoral Research Assistant

    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Scientific analysis of Jupiter data from the Galileo NIMS spectrometer; investigation of Jovian water clouds.
    1989 - 1990

    Pre-University Employee (Intern)

    IBM UK Ltd., Warwick, UK Mainframe computer network programming.

    Teaching Experience

    Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland College Park:
    Spring 2004 - ASTR330 - The Solar System
    Fall 2006 - ASTR330 - The Solar System

    Education

    1994-1999     University of Oxford           D. Phil.     Planetary Science
    1993-1994     University of Manchester   M. Sc.      Radio Astronomy
    1990-1993     University of Cambridge    B. A.        Natural Sciences
    1982-1989     Methodist College Belfast

    Professional Societies

    American Astronomical Society, Division of Planetary Sciences, 2001 - Present
    Member
    American Geophysical Society, 2001 - Present
    Member
    UK Institute of Physics, 2001 - Present
    Member; Chartered Physicist

    Professional Service


    Funding/grant review panels:
    • NASA ROSES Proposal Peer Review Panels - served in various capacities as reviewer/panelist/panel chair on: Outer Planets; Cassini Data Analysis; Planetary Atmospheres; Astrobiology.
    • Georgia National Science Foundation; External reviewer 2008-present.
    • France ANR; external reviewer, 2011.
    • NRAO Solar System Panel; 2010-2011.
    Journals and books:
    • Peer reviewer for:  Icarus (8), Planetary and Space Science (3), Journal of Geophysical Research, Advances in Geophysics, Astrophysical Journal Letters, Applied Optics, Astronomy and Astrophysics.
    • Guest editor for Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 60, 2012: special issue on "Titan Through Time" (12 papers).
    • Co-editor of The Early Evolution of the Atmospheres of Terrestrial Planets, Astrophysics and Space Science  Proceedings, Vol. 35., Springer 2012 (12 papers).
    Other professional service:
    • Co-chair (Local and Scientific Organizing Committees) Titan Through Time, a workshop on Titan's Formation, Evolution and Fate. Held at NASA GSFC April 6-8th 2010 and April 3-5th 2012, with ~80 participants over 2.5 days. Future date: Johns Hopkins University APL April 8-10th 2014.
    • Committee member of the ICPAE (International Commission for Planetary Atmospheres and their Evolution), a commission of IAMAS (International Association of Meteorology And Seismology), an association of IUGG (International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics).
    • Committee member, NASA GSFC Science Colloquium Committee.

    Awards

    07/01/06 Boeing Griffith Science Writing Contest 2005, 1st Place
    05/01/08 Boeing Griffth Science Writing Contest 2007, 3rd Place
    08/05/08 NASA Group Achievement Award for Cassini Titan Science Integration Team
    16/04/09 NASA Group Achievement Award for Cassini Titan Orbiter Science Team
    16/04/09 NASA Group Achievement Award for Cassini CIRS Team
    09/10/08 NASA Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement in Science (CIRS Team)
    11/29/11 NASA Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement in Science (individual)

    Grants

    07/31/2007 - 06/30/2010 Planetary Instrument Definition and Development (PIDDP), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH06ZDA001N-PIDDP
    Magnesium Diboride Detector Array (MDA) for Far-IR Exploration of the Outer Planets and Icy Moons (P.I. B. Lakew) ; Co-Investigator ; 0.05 FTE
    Grant Amount: $7.5K
    10/01/2007 - 09/30/2009 Cassini Data Analysis (CASSINI), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH06ZDA001N-CASSINI
    Trace Species on Saturn from Cassini (P.I. D. Jennings)
    ; Co-Investigator (0.3 FTE/yr, $$$ below) ; 0.6 FTE
    Grant Amount: $103K
    03/02/2008 - 03/02/2011 Cassini Data Analysis Program (CDAP), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH07ZSS001N
    Titan's Lower Atmosphere and Surface from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectra
    ; Principal Investigator
    Grant Amount: $241K
    04/01/2008 - 03/31/2011 Outer Planets Research (OPR), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH07ZDA001N-OPR
    Jovian Stratospheric Dynamics: Insights from Cassini Observations and Coupled Dynamical-Chemical Modeling (P.I. M Allen)
    ; Co-Investigator ; 0.25 FTE
    Grant Amount: $20K
    02/01/2009 - 08/01/2012 Cassini Data Analysis Program (CDAP), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH08ZDA001N-CDAP
    Trace Species in Titan's Stratosphere from Cassini CIRS Spectroscopy
    ; Principal Investigator ; 0.30 FTE
    Grant Amount: $357K
    05/01/2012 - 04/30/2015 Planetary Atmospheres Research (PATM), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH11ZDA001N-PATM
    Kinetic Isotope Fractionation in Methane and Application to Titan (P.I. R. Cody) ; Co-Investigator (0.1 FTE/yr, $$$ below) ; 0.3 FTE
    Grant Amount: $52K
    10/01/2012 - 09/30/2015 Outer Planets Research Program (OPRP), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH11ZDA001N-OPR
    Alkanes in Titan's Stratosphere From Cassini CIRS Spectroscopy
    ; Principal Investigator ; 0.30 FTE
    Grant Amount: $443K
    01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014 Cassini Data Analysis Program (CDAP), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH12ZDA001N-CDAPS
    Non-LTE Diagnostics of CIRS observations of Titan's Mesosphere
    ; Co-Investigator (0.06 FTE/yr) ; 0.12 FTE
    Grant Amount: $24K

    Publications

    Refereed

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports, 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Li, L., K. H. Baines, M. A. Smith, et al. R. A. West, S. Perez-Hoyos, H. J. Trammel, A. A. Simon-Miller, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, G. S. Orton, C. A. Nixon, G. Filacchione, P. M. Fry, and T. W. Momary. 2012. "Emitted Power of Jupiter Based on Cassini CIRS and VIMS Observations. ." J Geophys Res - Planets, 117: E11002 [ doi:10.1029/2012JE004191]

    Aslam, S., T. Hewagama, D. E. Jennings, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "A Near Infrared and Thermal Imager for Mapping Tttan's Surface Features." Titan Through Time II Workshop, 35.

    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, P. V. Sada, et al. R. K. Achterberg, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. W. Lunsford, L. N. Fletcher, R. J. Boyle, A. A. Simon-Miller, P. G. Irwin, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "Elusive Ethylene Detected in Saturn's Northern Storm Region." Astrophysical Journal, 760:24: [10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/24]

    Li, L., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. M. A. Smith, X. Jiang, N. J. Gorius, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, K. H. Baines, A. P. Ingersoll, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, and S. P. Ewald. 2011. "The Global Energy Balance of Titan ." Geophys Res Letter, 38: L23201 [10.1029/2011GL050053]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, A. P. Ingersoll, et al. A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, S. P. Ewald, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, and K. H. Baines. 2011. "Equatorial winds on Saturn and the Stratospheric Oscillation." Nature Geoscience, 4: 750-752 [10.1038/ngeo1292]

    Jolly, A., A. Fayt, Y. Benilan, et al. D. Jacquemart, C. A. Nixon, and D. E. Jennings. 2010. "The ν8 Bending Mode of Diacetylene: From Laboratory Spectroscopy to the Detection of 13C Isotopologues in Titan's Atmosphere." The Astrophysical Journal, 714 (1): 852-859 [10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/852]

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res, 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

    Coustenis, A., S. K. Atreya, T. Balint, et al. R. H. Brown, M. K. Dougherty, F. Ferri, M. Fulchignoni, D. Gautier, R. A. Gowen, C. A. Griffith, L. I. Gurvits, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, M. R. Leese, J. I. Lunine, C. P. McKay, X. Moussas, I. Müller-Wodarg, F. Neubauer, T. C. Owen, F. Raulin, E. C. Sittler, F. Sohl, C. Sotin, G. Tobie, T. Tokano, E. P. Turtle, J. Wahlund, J. H. Waite, K. H. Baines, J. Blamont, A. J. Coates, I. Dandouras, T. Krimigis, E. Lellouch, R. D. Lorenz, A. Morse, C. C. Porco, M. Hirtzig, J. Saur, T. Spilker, J. C. Zarnecki, E. Choi, N. Achilleos, R. Amils, P. Annan, D. H. Atkinson, Y. Bénilan, C. Bertucci, B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, M. Blanc, L. Boireau, J. Bouman, M. Cabane, M. T. Capria, E. Chassefière, P. Coll, M. Combes, J. F. Cooper, A. Coradini, F. Crary, T. Cravens, I. A. Daglis, E. de Angelis, C. de Bergh, I. de Pater, C. Dunford, G. Durry, O. Dutuit, D. Fairbrother, F. M. Flasar, A. D. Fortes, R. Frampton, M. Fujimoto, M. Galand, O. Grasset, M. Grott, T. Haltigin, A. Herique, F. Hersant, H. Hussmann, W. Ip, R. Johnson, E. Kallio, S. Kempf, M. Knapmeyer, W. Kofman, R. Koop, T. Kostiuk, N. Krupp, M. Küppers, H. Lammer, L. Lara, P. Lavvas, S. Le Mouélic, S. Lebonnois, S. Ledvina, J. Li, T. A. Livengood, R. M. Lopes, J. Lopez-Moreno, D. Luz, P. R. Mahaffy, U. Mall, J. Martinez-Frias, B. Marty, T. McCord, C. Menor Salvan, A. Milillo, D. G. Mitchell, R. Modolo, O. Mousis, M. Nakamura, C. D. Neish, C. A. Nixon, D. Nna Mvondo, G. Orton, M. Paetzold, J. Pitman, S. Pogrebenko, W. Pollard, O. Prieto-Ballesteros, P. Rannou, K. Reh, L. Richter, F. T. Robb, R. Rodrigo, S. Rodriguez, P. Romani, M. Ruiz Bermejo, E. T. Sarris, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, N. Schmitz, D. Schulze-Makuch, K. Schwingenschuh, A. Selig, B. Sicardy, L. Soderblom, L. J. Spilker, D. Stam, A. Steele, K. Stephan, D. F. Strobel, K. Szego, C. Szopa, R. Thissen, M. G. Tomasko, D. Toublanc, H. Vali, I. Vardavas, V. Vuitton, R. A. West, R. Yelle, and E. F. Young. 2009. "TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission." Experimental Astronomy, 23: 893 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, B. Conrath, et al. P. Irwin, P. Parrish, P. Romani, M. Abbas, A. LeClair, D. Strobel, A. A. Simon-Miller, D. Jennings, and V. Kunde. 2007. "Meridional Variations of C2H2 and C2H6 in Jupiter's Atmosphere from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectra." Icarus, 188: 47-71.

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. J. C. Pearl, G. L. Bjoraker, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. A. Simon-Miller, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, B. Bezard, G. Orton, L. Spilker, J. R. Spencer, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, T. Owen, J. C. Brasunas, M. E. Segura, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, P. Gierasch, P. Schinder, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. E. Samuelson, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, P. Ade, S. Edgington, S. Pilorz, B. Wallis, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Temperatures, Winds, and Composition in the Saturnian System." Science, 307: 1247-1251.

    Flasar, F. M., R. Achterberg, B. Conrath, et al. P. Gierasch, V. Kunde, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, D. Jennings, P. Romani, A. Simon-Miller, B. Bezard, A. Coustenis, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. Segura, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, P. Schinder, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, S. Vinatier, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. Samuelson, G. Orton, L. Spilker, T. Owen, J. Spencer, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, S. Edgington, P. Ade, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Titan's Atmospheric Temperatures, Winds, and Composition." Science, 308: 975-978.

    Kunde, V., F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, et al. B. Bezard, D. Strobel, B. Conrath, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, P. Romani, R. Achterberg, A. Simon-Miller, P. Irwin, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. Smith, G. Orton, P. Gierasch, L. Spilker, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment." Science, 305: 1582-1586.

    Irwin, P., P. Parrish, T. Fouchet, et al. S. Calcutt, F. Taylor, A. Simon-Miller, C. Nixon, and F. M. Flasar. 2004. "Retrievals of Jovian tropospheric phosphine from Cassini/CIRS." Icarus, 172: 37-49.

    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews, 115: 169-297.

    Flasar, F. M., V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, P. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bezard, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. M. Smith, G. Orton, L. Spilker, R. C. Carlson, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "An Intense Stratospheric Jet on Jupiter." Nature, 427: 132-135 [10.1038/nature02142]

    Nixon, C. A., J. C. Brasunas, B. Lakew, et al. R. K. Fettig, D. E. Jennings, R. C. Carlson, and V. G. Kunde. 2003. "In-flight Far-Infrared Performance of the CIRS Instrument on Cassini."

    Selected Public Outreach

    ESA Huygens Probe: Descent to Titan 1 / 2005 - 1 / 2005
    Public Outreach Lecture, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Visitor Center, Greenbelt MD, 01/14/05.
    Astrobiology of Titan and early results from Cassini-Huygens. 7 / 2005 - 7 / 2005
    NASA Spacegrant Consortium Astrobiology Workshop for Educators, State College, PA, 07/28/05. 
    Unriddling the Sphinx: The Huygens Mission to Titan 7 / 2006 - 7 / 2006
    Griffith Observer Magazine, Vol. 70 No. 7, pp 4-19, July 2006.
    Titan: New Views From Cassini. 2 / 2007 - 2 / 2007
    University of Maryland Observatory Open House, College Park, MD, 02/20/07.
    The Quest for Other Earths 5 / 2008 - 5 / 2008
    Griffith Observer Magazine, Vol. 72 No. 5, pp 3-15, MAy 2008.
    Launchfest 9 / 2008 - 9 / 2008
    Organizing Commitee for NASA GSFC Public Day, 09/13/2008.
    Titan Through Time: Public Night 4 / 2010 - 4 / 2010
    Organizer of Public Night at NASA GSFC Visitor Center, 04/06/2010.
    Titan: The Enduring Enigma 9 / 2010 - 9 / 2010
    Issue #144 of Geochemical News, the on-line news magazine of the Geochemical Society.
    Chemical Complexity on Titan: A Prebiotic Environment? 10 / 2010 - 10 / 2010
    University of Maryland AstroTerps Club, College Park, MD, 10/25/10.
    Titan Through Time 2: Public Night 4 / 2012 - 4 / 2012
    Organized Public Night at NASA GSFC Visitor Center, 04/03/2012.
    A Planetary Photojournal: Perspectives on Our Planetary Neighbors 5 / 2012 - 5 / 2012
    After-dinner speaker/slide-show, at the National Capitol Section (NCS) of the Optical Society of America (OSA), 05/15/2012.
    Titan Through Time 3: Public Night 4 / 2013 - Present
    Organizer of Public Night at NASA GSFC Visitor Center, 04/08/14.

    Brief Bio

    I am space scientist working in the Planetary Systems Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. I have worked at NASA since 2000 when I joined the Cassini mission team at GSFC. Previously, I studied science in the UK at Oxford and Cambridge Universities, after growing up and attending school in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Li, L., K. H. Baines, M. A. Smith, et al. R. A. West, S. Perez-Hoyos, H. J. Trammel, A. A. Simon-Miller, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, G. S. Orton, C. A. Nixon, G. Filacchione, P. M. Fry, and T. W. Momary. 2012. "Emitted Power of Jupiter Based on Cassini CIRS and VIMS Observations. ." J Geophys Res - Planets 117 E11002 [ doi:10.1029/2012JE004191]

    Aslam, S., T. Hewagama, D. E. Jennings, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "A Near Infrared and Thermal Imager for Mapping Tttan's Surface Features." Titan Through Time II Workshop 35

    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, P. V. Sada, et al. R. K. Achterberg, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. W. Lunsford, L. N. Fletcher, R. J. Boyle, A. A. Simon-Miller, P. G. Irwin, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "Elusive Ethylene Detected in Saturn's Northern Storm Region." Astrophysical Journal 760:24 [10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/24]

    Li, L., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. M. A. Smith, X. Jiang, N. J. Gorius, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, K. H. Baines, A. P. Ingersoll, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, and S. P. Ewald. 2011. "The Global Energy Balance of Titan ." Geophys Res Letter 38 L23201 [10.1029/2011GL050053]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, A. P. Ingersoll, et al. A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, S. P. Ewald, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, and K. H. Baines. 2011. "Equatorial winds on Saturn and the Stratospheric Oscillation." Nature Geoscience 4 750-752 [10.1038/ngeo1292]

    Jolly, A., A. Fayt, Y. Benilan, et al. D. Jacquemart, C. A. Nixon, and D. E. Jennings. 2010. "The ν8 Bending Mode of Diacetylene: From Laboratory Spectroscopy to the Detection of 13C Isotopologues in Titan's Atmosphere." The Astrophysical Journal 714 (1): 852-859 [10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/852]

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

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