Sciences and Exploration Directorate (600) Science Highlights Archive

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September

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – A-Train Simulator Reveals Detailed Performance of NU-WRF
  • – Biomass burning aerosol affects pre-monsoon climate in SE Asia
  • – Impact of satellite viewing-swath width on global and regional aerosol optical thickness statistics and trends

August

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Upgraded Global Air-sea Turbulent Fluxes from GSSTF datasets and Their Climate Applications
  • – Remote Sensing of PM2.5 with Airborne HSRL Measurements during DISCOVER-AQ Field Campaigns
  • – Solving the CCl4 budget mystery using surface observations

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Exploiting Satellite Observations of the PBL for Land-Atmosphere Interaction Studies
  • – LIS-based NLDAS Transitioned to Operations at NOAA/NCEP
  • – TRMM and GPM observe a rare Sahara Desert storm

July

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Simulations and Visualizations of Hurricane Sandy (2012) as Revealed by the NASA Advanced Global Modeling and Visualization Systems
  • – Surface Albedo Changes from Wildfires in Northern Sub-Saharan Africa
  • – U.S. Air Quality Improvement

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Marked Decreases in the Length of the Sea Ice Season Throughout Most of the Arctic Seasonal Sea Ice Zone, 1979-2013

June

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Scattering Computations of Snow Aggregates from Simple Geometrical Particle Models
  • – MCRS: A novel tool for simulating radiometer observations from model data
  • – The effect of dust absorption on its transport and lifecycle

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – For melt detection, MODIS ice surface temperatures (IST) compare well to NOAA air temperatures (TA) at Summit, Greenland
  • – Effect of snow surface metamorphism on Aquarius observations at Dome C, Antarctica
  • – Weekly gridded Aquarius L-band radiometer/scatterometer observations and salinity retrievals over the polar regions

May

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – An Experimental Study of Spatial Variability of Rainfall: Influence of Weather Systems in Seasonal Variability
  • – Accounting for snow darkening over land surface in NASA’s GEOS-5 Model
  • – Destruction of Mesospheric Ozone Caused by Solar Protons in March 2012

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – New availability of near real-time Arctic sea ice thickness results from IceBridge and CryoSat-2 data
  • – Consistent canopy structure and reflectance properties of Amazon forests during the dry season

April

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Comparison of ECMWF Weather Model Precipitation to TRMM
  • – An Innovative Approach to Separate Thin Cirrus from Aerosols Using High Resolution Ground Spectra
  • – Aura OMI Reveals Solar Variability in the on-Going Cycle 24

March

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Characteristics of Precipitation Features in the Central Andes
  • – Wind Retrieval Algorithms for the HIWRAP Airborne Doppler Radar with Applications to Hurricanes during GRIP
  • – Detection of mountain lee waves in MODIS NIR column water vapor
  • – The quasi-biennial oscillation is disrupted by geoengineering aerosols

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Initial in situ measurements of Perennial Meltwater storage in the Greenland firn Aquifer
  • – South Pacific Bio-Optics Expedition 2014
  • – Floods in the Amazon basin from HyMAP and multi-satellite products
  • – Surface freshwater dynamics within the LIS-HyMAP coupled system
  • – Stereo IKONOS is a viable tool for measuring forest canopy height

February

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3)—Initial Findings from 2013
  • – New Biomass Burning Smoke Emissions Dataset Fills Gap between Previous Estimations and Expected Values
  • – First Global Free Tropospheric NO2 Concentrations Derived Using a Cloud Slicing Technique Applied to Satellite Observations from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Greenland Ice Sheet Melt from MODIS and Associated Atmospheric Variability
  • – Spatial Scaling of Soil Moisture and Groundwater Variability
  • – Oso Landslide in Snohomish County, Washington
  • – Global Leaf Area Index Product Validation Good Practices

January

Atmospheric Science Highlights

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  • – Effect of Aerosols on Mesoscale Convective Systems
  • – Effects of Antarctic Blowing Snow on Outgoing Thermal Infrared Radiation
  • – Volcanic and anthropogenic contributions to stratospheric aerosol trends

Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Highlights

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  • – Amplified Surface Temperature and Climate Change Indicators in the Arctic
  • – Observations of Bioluminescence in Arctic and Antarctic Regions from VIIRS Nighttime Visible Data during the Polar Winter
                                                                                                                                                                                        
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