Southern Africa produces almost a third of the world’s vegetative burning, which sends smoke particles up into the atmosphere, where they eventually mix with stratocumulus clouds over the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. The Observations of Clouds above Aerosols and their Interactions (ORACLES) study is investigating how these particles impact the stratocumulus clouds, which play a key role in both regional and global surface temperatures and precipitation, in order to help improve current climate models.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "The frequency and duration of U.S. hurricane droughts" by Tim Hall & Kelly Hereid as the top work among over 130 research publications by institute staff published in 2015. The paper appeared in the journal Geophysical Research Letters in May. Runners-up included "Constraints on cumulus parameterization from simulations of observed MJO events" by Del Genio et al., and "Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2" by Nazarenko et al.
Steven Pawson (610.1), Gavin Schmidt (611), Mian Chin (614), Brent Holben (618), Susanne Bauer (611/CU) and Greg Faluvegi (611/CU) have been named as Thomas Reuters 2015 Highly Cited Researchers. They have been identified as being among the most valuable and significant researchers in the field of Geosciences. Congratulations to all!
Gavin Schmidt, Dan Duffy, and Phil Webster are all featured in the NPR story "Big Data Predicts Centuries Of Harm If Climate Warming Goes Unchecked". Read the article or listen to the audio at the link.
Three Division scientists -- Lorraine Remer, Cynthia Rosenzweig, and Larry Travis -- have been selected by the American Geophysical Union (AGU) for the 2015 class of Fellows for their exceptional scientific contributions to Earth Science.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2" by Ron L. Miller and 39 others as the top work among over 130 research publications by institute staff published in 2014. The paper appeared in the journal JAMES in February. Runners-up included "The worst North American drought year of the last millennium: 1934" by Cook et al., and "Global warming and 21st century drying" by Cook et al.
GISS Associate Chief Larry Travis Retires
Dr. Larry Travis, associate chief of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, has retired after 42 years at the institute. Although stepping down from management, Travis is expected to continue research as a NASA Emeritus.
You could hardly miss the media stories about how the past year ranked in terms of global temperatures. Astute readers may ask: how do different institutions come up with slightly different numbers for the same planet?
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "The role of long-lived greenhouse gases as principal LW control knob that governs the global surface temperature for past and future climate change" by Andrew Lacis, James Hansen, Gary Russell, Valdar Oinas and Jeffery Jonas as the top work among over 150 research publications by institute staff published in 2013. The paper appeared in the journal Tellus B in September. Runners-up included "Historical and future black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice-core measurements and model simulations from 1850 to 2100" by Susanne Bauer et al. and "Natural air-sea flux of CO2 in simulations of the NASA-GISS climate model: Sensitivity to the physical ocean model formulation" by Anastasia Romanou et al.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "Simultaneously mitigating near-term climate change and improving human health and food security" by Drew Shindell et al. as the top work among over 100 research publications by institute staff published in 2012. The paper was published in the journal Science in January.
Runners-up included "Perception of climate change" by James Hansen et al.; " Aerosol direct, indirect, semi-direct and surface albedo effects from sector contributions based on the IPCC AR5 emissions for pre-industrial and present day conditions" by Susanne Bauer and Surabi Menon; "The added value to global model projections of climate change by dynamical downscaling: A case study over the continental US using the GISS-ModelE2 and WRF models" by Pavan Racherla et al.; and "Adjustment to radiative forcing in a simple coupled ocean-atmosphere model" by Ron Miller.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "Earth's Energy Imbalance and Implications" by James Hansen et al. as the top work among over 100 research publications by institute staff published in 2011. The paper was published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics in late December.
Runners-up included "Teleconnections in a Warmer Climate: The Pliocene Perspective" by Sonali Shukla et al.; "All Climate is Local: How mayors fight global warming" by Cynthia Rosenzweig; "El Niño-Southern Oscillation Correlated Aerosol Ångström Exponent Anomaly over the Tropical Pacific Discovered in Satellite Measurements" by Jing Li et al.; and "Coupled Aerosol-Chemistry-Climate Twentieth Century Transient Model Investigation: Trends in Short-Lived Species and Climate Responses" by Dorothy Koch et al.
To mark Earth Day 2012, we are inviting you to create your own compelling video vision of NASA's exploration of Earth. You could be selected to view the launch of an upcoming Earth science mission in person! Deadline is May 31, 2012.
Congratulations to Dr. Anthony Del Genio, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, for being named a 2012 Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. To be elected a Fellow of AGU is a special tribute for those who have made exceptional scientific contributions. Nominated Fellows must have attained acknowledged eminence in the Earth and space sciences. Primary criteria for evaluation in scientific eminence are major breakthrough/discovery and paradigm shift. This designation is conferred upon not more than 0.1% of all AGU members in any given year. New Fellows are chosen by a Committee of Fellows.
In recognition of his exceptional work as a climate communicator, the American Geophysical Union (AGU) has selected Gavin Schmidt as the recipient of its inaugural Climate Communications Prize. Schmidt is a climate scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and co-founder of RealClimate.org, a blog that covers areas of science related to climate-from present-day measurements to paleoclimate proxies, from natural climate variation to anthropogenic change. Schmidt has also worked with photographers on a popular science book, on museum exhibits, and on online courses and has often appeared on TV and radio and in print. The award, which was established by AGU earlier this year, recognizes excellence in climate communication as well as the promotion of scientific literacy, clarity of messaging, and efforts to foster respect and understanding for science-based values related to climate change.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "Atmospheric CO2: Principal control knob governing Earth's temperature" by Andrew Lacis et al. as the top work among over 100 research publications by institute staff published in 2010. The paper was published in the journal Science in October.
Runners-up included "Global surface temperature change", by James Hansen et al., and "Black carbon absorption effects on cloud cover: Review and synthesis" by Dorothy Koch and Anthony Del Genio.
Dr. James Hansen, Director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, is one of two prominent climate scientists selected for the 2010 Blue Planet Prize, an international environmental award which is considered to be Japan's equivalent of the Nobel Prize.
Scientists at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies recently voted "Saturn atmospheric structure and dynamics" by Dr. Anthony Del Genio et al. as the top work among over 100 publications by institute staff published in 2009. The paper was included in the book Saturn from Cassini-Huygens.
Runners-up for the award included "Climate forcing by the on-road transportation and power generation sectors" by Unger et al., "How will Earth's surface temperature change in future decades?" by Lean and Rind, and "Seasonal contrasts in the surface energy balance of the Sahel" by Miller et al.
Dr. Jim Hansen, Director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, has been awarded the 2010 Sophie Prize. This is an annual international award for environment and sustainable development. It is awarded to one or several persons, or an organization, which has created awareness of alternatives to modern-day development and/or initiated such alternatives in a pioneering or particularly inventive manner. Jim Hansen receives the award for his clear communication of the threat posed by climate change and for his genuine commitment to future generations.